Study to Collect Data on Fabry Disease Patients With Enhanceable Alpha-Galactosidase A Activity

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00106912
First received: March 31, 2005
Last updated: March 28, 2008
Last verified: March 2008
  Purpose

This study will collect data needed to design a treatment trial for patients with Fabry disease using the experimental drug AT-1001. Fabry disease is an inherited metabolic disorder in which an enzyme called alpha-galactosidase A, which normally breaks down fatty substances called glycolipids, is missing or does not function properly. As a result, glycolipids accumulate in various tissues, causing liver, kidney, nerves, skin, muscle and blood vessel problems. No treatment is given in this survey study.

Males 18 years of age and older with Fabry disease who have certain genetic mutations associated with enhancement of alpha-galactosidase A activity may be eligible for this study. Participants undergo the following tests and procedures over 5 days:

Day 1

Medical history and physical examination, blood tests, electrocardiogram (EKG), routine urinalysis, measurements of height, weight, and vital signs (blood pressure, heart rate, breathing rate, and temperature).

Day 2

Blood tests, 24-hour urine collection, vital signs and sweat test. The sweat test (also called QSART, or quantitative sudomotor axon reflex test) measures the amount of sweat in a particular area of skin. A small amount of medication called acetylcholine is put on an area of the skin and a small electric current is applied to stimulate the sweat glands.

Day 3

Blood tests, 24-hour urine collection, vital signs, and skin biopsy. For the skin biopsy, a small area of skin is numbed and a punch device is used to remove a 3-mm (1/8-inch) layer of skin for microscopic examination.

Day 4

Blood tests, 24-hour urine collection, vital signs, and QSART.

Day 5

Blood tests and vital signs.

In addition to the above, patients are scheduled at some point in the 5-day study for an eye examination, brain magnetic resonance angiogram (MRA), and a heart examination and echocardiogram. MRA uses a strong magnetic field and radio waves to provide images of the blood vessels in the head and neck. It can detect abnormalities such as aneurysms, vessel malformations, and thickening of the vessel walls. An echocardiogram is an ultrasound test that shows how well the heart pumps blood and if there is thickening of the heart muscle.

Patients who are taking enzyme replacement therapy discontinue treatment for up to 6 weeks (no more than two missed infusions) to allow accurate measurement of the amount of alpha-galactosidase A the patient's body produces by itself. They provide weekly blood samples between the time they stop treatment and enter the study. The samples are used to monitor the removal of the enzyme from the body and the possible buildup of Gb(3) in the blood.


Condition
Fabry Disease

Study Type: Observational
Official Title: A Study to Collect Normative Data on Fabry Disease Patients With Enhanceable Alpha-Galactosidase A Activity

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 35
Study Start Date: March 2005
Estimated Study Completion Date: March 2008
Detailed Description:

This protocol is designed to characterize the clinical and laboratory profile of patients with Fabry disease who have residual levels of Alpha-galactosidase (Alpha- Gal A) activity. Normally these are patients with the later onset or milder forms of the disease, sometimes referred to as the cardiac and/or renal variants. Enzyme Enhancement Therapy is a novel therapeutic approach to treatment of lysosomal storage diseases that has recently been proposed, for patients who produce low levels of endogenous enzyme. We plan to evaluate this therapy in later-onset Fabry disease patients and in preparation we need to develop sensitive outcome measures for this subset of patients. Thirty patients with enhanceable Alpha- Gal A activity will be recruited. If on enzyme replacement therapy, they will be asked to miss up to two biweekly infusions. These patients, along with five control patients with non-enhanceable(classic) Fabry disease, will undergo a comprehensive five day evaluation at the NIH Clinical Center that will include a complete physical examination, functional studies of the heart, eye, kidney and sweat function, imaging of the brain and the heart and a number of blood and urine tests, as well as a skin biopsy.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:
  • Age 18 and older males
  • Patients will be included if they possess an Alpha-Gal A mutation that in previous investigations has been associated with enhancement of enzyme activity, as judged by the Principal Investigator.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • Patients whose general health prevents them from participating.
  • Patients with significant disease unrelated to Fabry disease (e.g. diabetes, cancer).
  • Patients who refuse to sign the informed consent form or who are unable to travel to the NIH Clinical Center.
  • Patients who are currently participating in a clinical trial of small molecule or gene therapy for Fabry disease.
  • Patients who are currently participating in a clinical trial for any condition other than Fabry disease.
  • Patients who are judged by the Principal Investigator to be not qualified to participate.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00106912

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00106912     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 050129, 05-N-0129
Study First Received: March 31, 2005
Last Updated: March 28, 2008
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Genetic
Stroke
Heart
Lysosomal
Glycolipid
Fabry Disease

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Fabry Disease
Sphingolipidoses
Lysosomal Storage Diseases, Nervous System
Brain Diseases, Metabolic, Inborn
Brain Diseases, Metabolic
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Genetic Diseases, X-Linked
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Lipidoses
Lipid Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Lysosomal Storage Diseases
Metabolic Diseases
Lipid Metabolism Disorders

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 17, 2014