Evaluation of Clinical and Microbial Efficacy and Safety of AzaSite Compared to Vehicle for Bacterial Conjunctivitis (C-01-401-003)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00105534
First received: March 15, 2005
Last updated: October 29, 2013
Last verified: October 2013
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical and microbial efficacy and safety of AzaSite compared to vehicle for bacterial conjunctivitis. Adults and children one year of age and older with bacterial conjunctivitis in at least one eye may be eligible. Subjects will be randomly assigned to receive either 1.0 % AzaSite or Vehicle. Three visits will be required for this study.


Condition Intervention Phase
Bacterial Conjunctivitis
Drug: AzaSite
Other: Vehicle
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Study to Evaluate the Clinical and Microbial Efficacy and Safety of 1.0 % AzaSite Compared to Vehicle in the Treatment of Bacterial Conjunctivitis

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Participants Who Achieved Clinical Resolution [ Time Frame: Visit 3 (Days 6-7) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Clinical Resolution is defined as absence of all three clinical signs: ocular discharge, bulbar conjunctival injection, and palpebral conjunctival injection.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Participants Who Achieved Bacteriological Eradication [ Time Frame: Visit 3 (Day 6-7) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Bacterial eradication is defined as the eradication of the causative pathogens as indicated by the absence of growth (0 colony forming units/mL) of the original infecting organism(s).


Enrollment: 685
Study Start Date: July 2004
Study Completion Date: January 2006
Primary Completion Date: January 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: AzaSite Drug: AzaSite

1.0% AzaSite contains 1.0% azithromycin, sodium hydroxide, mannitol, poloxamer 407, citric acid anhydrous, sodium citrate, DuraSite® (polycarbophil, sodium chloride, EDTA disodium and water for injection) and benzalkonium chloride 0.003%. AzaSite was prescribed as a single topical drop to the infected

eye(s) for 5 days, twice on the first two days (once in the morning and at bedtime) and once a day in the morning (between 7-10 AM) for the following three days.

Sham Comparator: Vehicle Other: Vehicle
Vehicle contains sodium hydroxide, mannitol, poloxamer 407, citric acid anhydrous, sodium citrate, DuraSite® (polycarbophil, sodium chloride, EDTA disodium and water for injection) and benzalkonium chloride 0.003%. Vehicle was prescribed as a single topical drop to the infected eye(s) for 5 days, twice on the first two days (once in the morning and at bedtime) and once a day in the morning (between 7-10 AM) for the following three days.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Months and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female subject, of any race, who is at least 1 year of age.
  • Subjects must have a clinical diagnosis of acute bacterial conjunctivitis and exhibit mucopurulent or purulent conjunctival discharge (crusty or sticky eyelids, globular and yellow discharge) and redness in at least one eye.
  • The symptoms of bacterial conjunctivitis must be present for 3 days (approximately 72 hours) or less.
  • Must be willing to discontinue contact lens wear for the duration of the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any uncontrolled, systemic, debilitating disease.
  • Use of topical ophthalmic solutions including tear substitutes within 2 hours before and during the study.
  • Use of any topical ophthalmic anti-inflammatory agents within 48 hours before and during the study.
  • Any active upper respiratory tract infection.
  • Pregnant or nursing females.
  • Use of any antibiotic (topical or systemic) within 72 hours of enrollment
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00105534

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00105534     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: P08635, C-01-401-003
Study First Received: March 15, 2005
Results First Received: August 1, 2011
Last Updated: October 29, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:
Bacterial Conjunctivitis
Pink Eye
Conjunctivitis
Eye Infection
Eye Discharge

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Conjunctivitis
Conjunctivitis, Bacterial
Conjunctival Diseases
Eye Diseases
Eye Infections, Bacterial
Bacterial Infections
Eye Infections
Infection
Azithromycin
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 23, 2014