Hydroxychloroquine vs. Clobetasol Rinse to Treat Oral Lichen Planus
This study will compare two treatments for oral lichen planus - hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil) tablets and clobetasol oral rinse. Oral lichen planus is a chronic disorder in which patients have painful mouth ulcers that interfere with meals and daily functioning. It is most commonly treated with topical or systemic corticosteroids, but these drugs have a number of side effects, most commonly yeast infection, and chronic systemic use of them can lead to diabetes, osteoporosis, weight gain, and other complications. Also, lichen planus generally returns when the corticosteroids are stopped. Clobetasol oral rinse is a topical steroid commonly used to treat oral lichen planus. Hydroxychloroquine, a drug that was originally used to treat malaria and is now also approved for lupus and rheumatoid arthritis, has been tried for lichen planus in small-scale studies with some evidence of benefit.
Patients 18 years of age and older with oral lichen planus may be eligible for this study. Pregnant women are excluded. Candidates are screened with a dermatology examination, routine blood tests, an eye examination, and a biopsy to rule out other conditions similar to lichen planus and to provide tissue for research purposes. For the biopsy, two small circles of tissue about 4 mm (less than 1/5") across are surgically removed from the area with lichen planus.
Participants are randomly assigned to treatment with either hydroxychloroquine or clobetasol rinse. Patients assigned to hydroxychloroquine also take a placebo mouth rinse that looks and tastes like the clobetasol rinse, and those assigned to clobetasol also take a pill that looks and tastes like the hydroxychloroquine tablet. This is done so that neither the patients nor the study doctors know which patient is taking which active medication until the study is completed. Patients take the pills daily in the morning with food or a glass of milk for the 6-month study period and use the rinse twice a day for 4 months and then once a day for 2 months. They may not use any pain or anti-inflammatory medicines or topical creams, gels or rinses regularly, because these medications can obscure the effects of the study drugs and complicate interpretation of the results. They are given a topical numbing medicine as part of the study and can use Tylenol for pain during the study duration.
In addition to treatment, participants visit the NIH Clinical Center once a month for the following tests and procedures:
- Review of pain levels, as recorded in a pain diary
- Review of drug side effects, if any
- Collection of saliva and blood samples at 2, 4 and 6 months
- Repeat oral biopsy at completion of the study at 6 months to evaluate treatment effects
- Final examination at 8 months to determine if the disease returns or improves after the medication is stopped.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Hydroxychloroquine Versus Clobetasol 0.05% Rinse for the Treatment of Oral Lichen Planus|
|Study Start Date:||January 2005|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||October 2005|
This is a randomized double blind parallel group trial of safety and efficacy of hydroxychloroquine in oral lichen planus and associated cutaneous and genital lesions.
The primary objective of the study is to test the hypothesis that oral hydroxychloroquine taken at 6mg/kg of lean weight will be at least as effective as clobetasol rinse in healing ulcerations associated with the erosive form of lichen planus. Secondary objectives will include assessment of changes in salivary and tissue proteome and plasma, saliva, and tissue cytokine profiles over the course of treatment with hydroxychloroquine and clobetasol. We hope that this will allow us to gain insight in the pathophysiology of mucosal lichen planus as well as the mechanism of action of hydroxychloroquine in this condition.
Total surface area of oral erosions will be the primary outcome in this study. We will consider 50% reduction in ulcerated area over 6 months clinically significant. Secondary outcomes will include changes in two lichen planus severity scales, reduction of pain levels as measured by a visual analogue scale and amount of topical analgesic used, improvement in oral and systemic disease-specific and generic quality of life scores. We will also assay plasma, saliva, and tissue cytokines over the course of the study to assess dynamics of cytokine levels in this disease. We will evaluate salivary proteome changes associated with disease activity using 2D gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometric methods.
The principal study interventions will be hydroxychloroquine at 6 mg/kg of lean weight or clobetasol 0.05% oral rinse. Additional allowed interventions will be standard oral topical analgesic rinse on an as needed basis. Diagnostic and research evaluations will include ophthalmologic screening prior to enrollment and at the completion of the study, complete history and oral and general physical examination, laboratory investigations, saliva collection, and oral mucosal biopsy at the start and finish of the study. The total period of time that each subject will spend in the interventional period of the trial will be 6 months. Additional off study follow-up period will be 2 months.
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institute of Dental And Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|