Gait Training For Acute Stroke: Functional Neuromuscular Stimulation (FNS) and Weight Supported Treadmill Training

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Department of Veterans Affairs
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00101543
First received: January 10, 2005
Last updated: February 3, 2009
Last verified: January 2005
  Purpose

Conventional rehabilitation does not restore normal, safe gait to many stroke survivors. Functional neuromuscular stimulation (FNS) using intramuscular (IM) electrodes (FNS-IM) improved persistent gait deficits for patients with chronic stroke (1-7 years post stroke), but required a long protocol of 6-18 months. For chronic deficits, a shortened response to treatment (3 months) was obtained by combining FNS-IM with body weight-supported treadmill training (BWSTT). Gains included strength, coordination, gait kinematics, walking endurance, and quality of life. Gait deficits treated in the chronic phase are more resistant to treatment than in the early recovery phase, because chronic, abnormal movement patterns are more ingrained. Therefore, during the early recovery phase, it is likely that a relatively greater treatment response will be obtained. The purpose of the proposed work is to test the combination FNS-IM + BWSTT during the early recovery phase following stroke. Hypothesis I is: FNS-IM + BWSTT will restore volitional gait more completely for subjects during the early recovery phase following stroke, compared to BWSTT alone. Subjects will be admitted at 1-11 months after stroke. Thirty five subjects will be randomized to one of the two treatment groups. They will be treated for 48 sessions, four sessions/week. Primary outcome measures will be: kinematic swing phase gait components, energy cost of gait, and an index of walking endurance. Secondary outcome measures will be kinematic stance phase gait components and gait speed. The second set of hypotheses will test the relationship between restoration of mobility and measurements of impairment, function and quality of life.


Condition Intervention Phase
Stroke
Device: Electrical Stimulation with Intramuscular Electrodes
Procedure: Body Weight Supported Treadmill Training
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Gait Training For Acute Stroke: FNS and Weight Supported Treadmill Training

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Department of Veterans Affairs:

Estimated Enrollment: 70
Study Start Date: August 2003
Study Completion Date: August 2006
Detailed Description:

Conventional rehabilitation does not restore normal, safe gait to many stroke survivors. Functional neuromuscular stimulation (FNS) using intramuscular (IM) electrodes (FNS-IM) improved persistent gait deficits for patients with chronic stroke (1-7 years post stroke), but required a long protocol of 6-18 months. For chronic deficits, a shortened response to treatment (3 months) was obtained by combining FNS-IM with body weight-supported treadmill training (BWSTT). Gains included strength, coordination, gait kinematics, walking endurance, and quality of life. Gait deficits treated in the chronic phase are more resistant to treatment than in the early recovery phase, because chronic, abnormal movement patterns are more ingrained. Therefore, during the early recovery phase, it is likely that a relatively greater treatment response will be obtained. The purpose of the proposed work is to test the combination FNS-IM + BWSTT during the early recovery phase following stroke. Hypothesis I is: FNS-IM + BWSTT will restore volitional gait more completely for subjects during the early recovery phase following stroke, compared to BWSTT alone. Subjects will be admitted at 1-11 months after stroke. Thirty five subjects will be randomized to one of the two treatment groups. They will be treated for 48 sessions, four sessions/week. Primary outcome measures will be: kinematic swing phase gait components, energy cost of gait, and an index of walking endurance. Secondary outcome measures will be kinematic stance phase gait components and gait speed. The second set of hypotheses will test the relationship between restoration of mobility and measurements of impairment, function and quality of life. Additionally, co-variates will be assessed at entry into the study: gender, age, mood, co-morbidities, time since stroke, and weeks of prior rehabilitation. Data for outcome measures will be collected at weeks 1, 6, 12, and 6 months after the end of treatment. For Hypothesis I testing, contrasts will be made between the two treatment groups. A separate regression model will be analyzed for each outcome measure. The post-test score for a given primary outcome measure will serve as the dependent variable in a regression model. The two independent variables will be the treatment assignment information (as a dichotomous variable) and the pretest score on the given outcome measure (the covariate). In additional model analyses for the second set of hypotheses, the relationships will be ascertained between mobility restoration and impairment, function, and quality of life. Mobility deficits following stroke pose a significant economic, social, and psychological hardship to the individual and to society. Development of techniques that improve lower extremity function will improve the quality of life and reduce associated health care costs for patients after stroke. The results of the proposed study have the potential to provide a new acute stroke treatment that will increase the rate of recovery, produce a more comprehensive recovery of motor function, safer gait, greater functional independence, and enhanced quality of life.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Stroke 1-11 months ago
  • Inability to move leg normally

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pacemaker
  • Progressive medical condition (i.e. Parkinsons Disease)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00101543

Locations
United States, Ohio
Cleveland VA Medical Center; Research Service
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00101543     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: A3102R
Study First Received: January 10, 2005
Last Updated: February 3, 2009
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Department of Veterans Affairs:
Gait Training
Motor learning
Electrical stimulation
Body Weight supported Treadmill Training
Cerebrovascular Accident

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Stroke
Cerebral Infarction
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Brain Infarction
Brain Ischemia

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 31, 2014