17-N-Allylamino-17-Demethoxygeldanamycin With or Without Rituximab in Treating Patients With Relapsed B-Cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia or Prolymphocytic Leukemia

This study has been terminated.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00098488
First received: December 7, 2004
Last updated: June 3, 2013
Last verified: June 2013
  Purpose

This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of 17-N-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin when given with or without rituximab in treating patients with relapsed B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia or prolymphocytic leukemia. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as 17-N-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Monoclonal antibodies, such as rituximab, can block cancer growth in different ways. Some find cancer cells and kill them or carry cancer-killing substances to them. Others interfere with the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Monoclonal antibodies may kill cancer cells that are left after chemotherapy. Giving 17-N-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin with or without rituximab may kill more cancer cells.


Condition Intervention Phase
B-cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Prolymphocytic Leukemia
Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Drug: tanespimycin
Biological: rituximab
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1 Study of 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG) (NSC 330507; IND 57,966) and Rituximab in Patients With Relapsed B-cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of 17-N-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG) [ Time Frame: Week 4 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Defined at the dose level of 17-AAG at which 2 (or more) of 6 patients develop dose-limiting toxicity (DLT).


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Minimally effective pharmacological dose (MEPD) of 17-AAG based on down-modulation of the target protein Akt [ Time Frame: Day 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Defined as the 17-AAG dose achieving >= 50% reduction in Akt protein expression.


Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: April 2005
Primary Completion Date: April 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (17-AGG and rituximab)
Patients receive 17-AAG IV over 2 hours on days 1, 4, 8, 11, 15 and 18 (course 1). Patients achieving ≥ 25% reduction in measurable disease after course 1 receive an additional course of single-agent 17-AAG approximately 10 days later in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity and provided absolute lymphocyte count continues to decrease. Patients failing to achieve a 25% reduction in measurable disease after course 1 OR with disease progression after courses 1 or 2 of single-agent 17-AAG proceed to combination therapy comprising 17-AAG IV over 2 hours on days 1, 4, 8, 11, 15, 18, and 22; and rituximab IV over 4 hours on days 1 and 2 and over 1 hour on days 4, 8, 15, and 22 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: tanespimycin
Given IV
Other Name: 17-AAG
Biological: rituximab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • IDEC-C2B8
  • IDEC-C2B8 monoclonal antibody
  • Mabthera
  • MOAB IDEC-C2B8
  • Rituxan

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of twice weekly 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG) in combination with weekly rituximab in patients with relapsed chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL).

II. To examine the pharmacology of twice weekly 17-AAG in combination with weekly rituximab in patients with relapsed CLL.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate toxicity (using NCI CTCAE v3.0 criteria) and preliminary efficacy of twice weekly 17-AAG when used in combination with weekly rituximab in this patient population.

II. To examine the kinetics of depletion of PDK1/AKT-related proteins, mutant p53 and up-regulation of alternative targets that mediate resistance to therapy following treatment with twice weekly 17-AAG; and the relationship of this to spontaneous and drug-induced apoptosis in patients with relapsed CLL.

III. To examine the immunologic effects of twice weekly 17-AAG, in conjunction with weekly rituximab, in patients with relapsed CLL.

IV. To evaluate toxicity and preliminary efficacy of twice weekly 17-AAG as a single agent in this patient population.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, dose-escalation study of 17-N-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG).

Patients receive 17-AAG intravenously (IV) over 2 hours on days 1, 4, 8, 11, 15 and 18 (course 1). Patients achieving ≥ 25% reduction in measurable disease after course 1 receive an additional course of single-agent 17-AAG approximately 10 days later in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity and provided absolute lymphocyte count continues to decrease. Patients failing to achieve a 25% reduction in measurable disease after course 1 OR with disease progression after courses 1 or 2 of single-agent 17-AAG proceed to combination therapy comprising 17-AAG IV over 2 hours on days 1, 4, 8, 11, 15, 18, and 22; and rituximab IV over 4 hours on days 1 and 2 and over 1 hour on days 4, 8, 15, and 22 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of 17-AAG as a single agent or in combination with rituximab until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

Patients are followed up at 2 months and then every 3 months for 2 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia or prolymphocytic leukemia requiring treatment, defined by 1 of the following criteria:

    • Massive or progressive splenomegaly and/or lymphadenopathy
    • Anemia (hemoglobin < 11 g/dL) OR thrombocytopenia (platelet count < 100,000/mm^3)
    • Weight loss > 10% within the past 6 months
    • Grade 2 or 3 fatigue
    • Fevers > 100.5°F or night sweats for > 2 weeks with no evidence of infection
    • Progressive lymphocytosis with an increase of > 50% over a 2 month period OR an anticipated doubling time of < 6 months
  • Relapsed disease
  • Failed prior fludarabine or pentostatin therapy OR cannot receive fludarabine
  • Lymphocyte count ≥ 5,000/mm^3
  • Performance status - ECOG 0-2
  • Performance status - Karnofsky 60-100%
  • More than 12 weeks
  • Bilirubin < 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • AST and ALT ≤ 2.5 times ULN
  • Creatinine ≤ 2.0 mg/dL
  • LVEF > 40% by MUGA
  • QTc < 450 msec for male patients and < 470 msec for female patients
  • Resting ejection fraction ≥ 50% by MUGA or echocardiogram
  • No symptomatic congestive heart failure
  • No unstable angina pectoris
  • No cardiac arrhythmia
  • No significant cardiac disease including any of the following:

    • New York Heart Association class III or IV heart failure
    • History of myocardial infarction within the past year
    • History of uncontrolled dysrhythmias
    • Active ischemic heart disease within the past year
    • Poorly controlled angina
  • No history of serious ventricular arrhythmia (e.g., ventricular fibrillation, history of symptomatic or sustained ventricular tachycardia, nonsustained ventricular tachycardia > 3 beats within the past 6 months)
  • No history of cardiac toxicity due to anthracyclines (e.g., doxorubicin hydrochloride, daunorubicin hydrochloride, or mitoxantrone hydrochloride)
  • No other cardiac symptoms ≥ grade 2
  • DLCO (i.e., oxygen diffusion capacity) ≥ 80% by pulmonary function testing
  • Resting and exercise oxygen saturation ≥ 90% by pulse oximetry
  • No pulmonary symptoms ≥ grade 2
  • No history of pulmonary toxicity due to bleomycin or carmustine
  • No significant, symptomatic pulmonary disease requiring oxygen or medications
  • No ongoing pulmonary symptoms ≥ grade 2 including any of the following:

    • Dyspnea on or off exertion
    • Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
    • Significant pulmonary disease (e.g., chronic obstructive or restrictive pulmonary disease)
  • No Medicare requirements for home oxygen (e.g., resting O_2 saturations ≥ 90% or desaturation to ≥ 90% with exertion)
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • HIV negative
  • No history of allergic reaction attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to 17-N-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin
  • No history of serious allergic reaction to eggs
  • No ongoing or active infection
  • No psychiatric illness or social situation that would preclude study compliance
  • No other uncontrolled illness that would preclude study participation
  • More than 3 months since prior rituximab and recovered
  • More than 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin) and recovered
  • More than 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy and recovered
  • No prior radiotherapy that potentially included the heart in the field (e.g., mantle)
  • No history of chest radiation
  • No concurrent medications that prolong or may prolong QTc
  • No concurrent antiarrhythmic drugs
  • No other concurrent investigational agents
  • No other concurrent anticancer therapy
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00098488

Locations
United States, Ohio
Ohio State University Medical Center
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Thomas Lin Ohio State University
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00098488     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-01460, OSU 0429, 2004C0058, NCI-6518, OSU-0429, CDR0000401516, R21CA115048
Study First Received: December 7, 2004
Last Updated: June 3, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Leukemia, Prolymphocytic
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Leukemia, B-Cell
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Rituximab
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Antirheumatic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Antineoplastic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 24, 2014