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Trial to Reduce Cardiovascular Events With Aranesp® Therapy (TREAT)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Amgen
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00093015
First received: September 28, 2004
Last updated: July 11, 2014
Last verified: July 2014
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of treatment of anemia with darbepoetin alfa to a hemoglobin target of 13 g/dL on (1) all-cause mortality and nonfatal cardiovascular events, and (2) progression to end-stage renal disease or death, in subjects with chronic kidney disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Academic PI/Executive Committee Chairman: Marc Pfeffer, MD, PhD


Condition Intervention Phase
Kidney Disease
Diabetes Mellitus
Anemia
Drug: Placebo
Drug: darbepoetin alfa
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Trial to Reduce Cardiovascular Events With Aranesp® Therapy

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Amgen:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Time to All-cause Mortality or Cardiovascular (CV) Events Including Hospitalization Due to Acute Myocardial Ischemia, Congestive Heart Failure (CHF), Myocardial Infarction (MI), and Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA) [ Time Frame: Until a primary cardiovascular event (death, myocardial ischemia, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular accident) occurred or 28 March 2009, whichever occurred first ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time from randomization to the first confirmed composite event. Kaplan-Meier estimate of the median time was not estimable due to low proportion of participants experiencing at least one events, therefore participants experiencing at least one event were summarized.

  • Time to All-cause Mortality or End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) [ Time Frame: Until a primary cardiovascular event (death, myocardial ischemia, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular accident) occurred or 28 March 2009, whichever occurred first ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time from randomization to first event of all-cause mortality or ESRD. Kaplan-Meier estimate of the median time was not estimable due to low proportion of participants experiencing at least one events, therefore participants experiencing at least one event were summarized.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Time to All-cause Mortality [ Time Frame: Until a primary cardiovascular event (death, myocardial ischemia, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular accident) occurred or 28 March 2009, whichever occurred first ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time from randomization to all-cause mortality. Kaplan-Meier estimate of the median time was not estimable due to low proportion of participants experiencing at least one events, therefore participants experiencing at least one event were summarized.

  • Time to Cardiovascular Mortality [ Time Frame: Until a primary cardiovascular event (death, myocardial ischemia, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular accident) occurred or 28 March 2009, whichever occurred first ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time from randomization to cardiovascular (CV) mortality. Kaplan-Meier estimate of the median time was not estimable due to low proportion of participants experiencing at least one events, therefore participants experiencing at least one event were summarized.

  • Time to Myocardial Infarction [ Time Frame: Until a primary cardiovascular event (death, myocardial ischemia, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular accident) occurred or 28 March 2009, whichever occurred first ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time from randomization to fatal or non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI). Kaplan-Meier estimate of the median time was not estimable due to low proportion of participants experiencing at least one events, therefore participants experiencing at least one event were summarized.

  • Time to Cerebrovascular Accident [ Time Frame: Until a primary cardiovascular event (death, myocardial ischemia, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular accident) occurred or 28 March 2009, whichever occurred first ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time from randomization to fatal or non-fatal cerebrovascular accident (CVA). Kaplan-Meier estimate of the median time was not estimable due to low proportion of participants experiencing at least one events, therefore participants experiencing at least one event were summarized.

  • Time to Congestive Heart Failure [ Time Frame: Until a primary cardiovascular event (death, myocardial ischemia, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular accident) occurred or 28 March 2009, whichever occurred first ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time from randomization to fatal or non-fatal congestive heart failure(CHF). Kaplan-Meier estimate of the median time was not estimable due to low proportion of participants experiencing at least one events, therefore participants experiencing at least one event were summarized.

  • Time to End Stage Renal Disease [ Time Frame: Until a primary cardiovascular event (death, myocardial ischemia, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular accident) occurred or 28 March 2009, whichever occurred first ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time from randomization to end stage renal disease (ESRD). Kaplan-Meier estimate of the median time was not estimable due to low proportion of participants experiencing at least one events, therefore participants experiencing at least one event were summarized.

  • Rate of Decline in Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) Relative to Baseline [ Time Frame: Until a primary cardiovascular event (death, myocardial ischemia, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular accident) occurred or 28 March 2009, whichever occurred first ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    GFR was estimated using the following MDRD formula: 186 x [Serum creatinine]^(-1.154) x [Age]^(-0.203) x [0.742 if subject is female] x [1.210 if subject is black]. Change from baseline in eGFR at week 49 for each treatment group are presented. The treatment effect of the rate of decline in eGFR per year was estimated using the mixed model.

  • Change in Patient Reported Fatigue Relative to Baseline at Week 25 [ Time Frame: Baseline and week 25 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change in patient reported fatigue measured by the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy (FACT) - Fatigue scale from baseline to week 25. Range and direction of scale: 0 = most fatigue; 52 = least fatigue

  • Time to Hospitalization Due to Acute Myocardial Ischemia [ Time Frame: Until a primary cardiovascular event (death, myocardial ischemia, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular accident) occurred or 28 March 2009, whichever occurred first ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time from randomization to hospitalization due to acute myocardial ischemia. Kaplan-Meier estimate of the median time was not estimable due to low proportion of participants experiencing at least one events, therefore participants experiencing at least one event were summarized.


Enrollment: 4038
Study Start Date: August 2004
Study Completion Date: August 2009
Primary Completion Date: July 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Active Drug: darbepoetin alfa
Starting dose : 0.75 mcg/kg subcutaneous (SC) every two weeks (Q2W); subsequent doses titrated to achieve hemoglobin (Hb) target of 13.0 g/dL
Placebo Comparator: Placebo Drug: Placebo
Volume and dose frequency changes resembling dosing in the active treatment group

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Hemoglobin less than or equal to 11 g/dL
  • History of Chronic Kidney Disease
  • eGFR (estimated glomerular filtration rate) greater than or equal to 20 mL/min/1.73 m2 and less than or equal to 60 mL/min/1.73 m2
  • Tsat (transferrin saturation) greater than 15%

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Uncontrolled hypertension
  • Erythropoietic protein use within 12 weeks of randomization
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00093015

Sponsors and Collaborators
Amgen
Investigators
Study Director: MD Amgen
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):

Responsible Party: Amgen
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00093015     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 20010184, TREAT
Study First Received: September 28, 2004
Results First Received: August 6, 2010
Last Updated: July 11, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Kidney Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Darbepoetin alfa
Hematinics
Hematologic Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 25, 2014