Docetaxel, Capecitabine, and Bevacizumab in Treating Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00088998
First received: August 4, 2004
Last updated: December 23, 2010
Last verified: September 2005
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as docetaxel and capecitabine, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Monoclonal antibodies such as bevacizumab can locate tumor cells and either kill them or deliver tumor-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. Bevacizumab may also stop the growth of tumor cells by stopping blood flow to the tumor. Combining chemotherapy with monoclonal antibody therapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving docetaxel and capecitabine together with bevacizumab works in treating patients with metastatic breast cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer
Biological: bevacizumab
Drug: capecitabine
Drug: docetaxel
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial Of Docetaxel With Capecitabine And Bevacizumab As First-Line Chemotherapy For Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Confirmed tumor response (complete or partial) rate as measured by RECIST [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Progression-free survival [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Overall survival [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Adverse event profile [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Study Start Date: December 2004
Primary Completion Date: December 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • Determine the response rate in patients with metastatic breast cancer treated with docetaxel, capecitabine, and bevacizumab as first-line chemotherapy.

Secondary

  • Determine time to disease progression in patients treated with this regimen.
  • Determine survival of patients treated with this regimen.
  • Determine the toxicity profile of this regimen in these patients.
  • Determine the duration of response in patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour and bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1. Patients also receive oral capecitabine twice daily on days 1-14. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients achieving a complete response (CR) receive at least 2 additional courses beyond CR.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 1 year, and then annually for 3 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 47 patients will be accrued for this study within 8 months.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed invasive breast cancer

    • Clinical evidence of metastatic disease

      • No bone metastases as the only evidence of metastasis
  • Measurable disease

    • At least 1 lesion ≥ 2.0 cm by CT scan or MRI OR ≥ 1.0 cm by spiral CT scan

      • Lesions on chest x-ray allowed provided they are clearly defined and surrounded by aerated lung
    • Clincal lesions only considered measurable when they are superficial (e.g., skin nodules or palpable lymph nodes)
    • Target lesion must not have been exposed to prior radiotherapy unless disease has progressed since completion of radiotherapy
    • The following are not considered measurable disease:

      • Bone lesions
      • Leptomeningeal disease
      • Ascites
      • Pleural or pericardial effusion
      • Inflammatory breast disease
      • Lymphangitis cutis or pulmonis
      • Abdominal masses that are not confirmed and followed by imaging techniques
      • Cystic lesions
  • No HER2/neu-positive tumors by immunohistochemistry or amplified fluorescence in situ hybridization unless disease has progressed after trastuzumab (Herceptin®)-containing therapy alone or with antiestrogen hormonal therapy for metastatic disease OR trastuzumab is contraindicated
  • Prior breast cancer allowed
  • No prior or active brain metastases
  • Hormone receptor status:

    • Not specified

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

  • 18 and over

Sex

  • Male or female

Menopausal status

  • Not specified

Performance status

  • ECOG 0-1

Life expectancy

  • At least 3 months

Hematopoietic

  • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dL
  • No bleeding diathesis or uncontrolled coagulopathy

Hepatic

  • Bilirubin normal
  • Meets 1 of the following criteria:

    • AST and ALT normal AND alkaline phosphatase ≤ 5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • AST and ALT ≤ 1.5 times ULN AND alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 times ULN
    • AST and ALT ≤ 5 times ULN AND alkaline phosphatase normal

Renal

  • Creatinine clearance ≥ 30 mL/min
  • No proteinuria OR
  • Protein < 1 g by 24-hour urine collection
  • No nephrotic syndrome

Cardiovascular

  • No uncontrolled hypertension (i.e., blood pressure > 160/90 mm Hg on ≥ 2 different observations ≥ 5 minutes apart)

    • Blood pressure < 140/90 mm Hg on ≥ 3 different observations over ≥ 14 days, for patients who recently began or adjusted anti-hypertensive medication
  • No atrial or venous thrombosis within the past month
  • No clinically significant heart disease, including any of the following:

    • Congestive heart failure
    • Symptomatic coronary artery disease
    • Uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmias
    • Unstable angina
  • No myocardial infarction within the past 12 months
  • No history of cerebrovascular accident

Pulmonary

  • No hemoptysis within the past 6 months

Gastrointestinal

  • No lack of physical integrity of the upper gastrointestinal tract
  • No malabsorption syndrome
  • Able to receive oral medication

Other

  • No other stage III or IV invasive malignancy requiring treatment within the past 5 years
  • No pre-existing peripheral neuropathy > grade 1
  • No history of allergy or hypersensitivity to study drugs, agents that are chemically similar to study drugs, or drugs that contain polysorbate 80
  • No prior severe reaction to fluoropyrimidines
  • No known hypersensitivity to fluorouracil
  • No known dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency
  • No active infection
  • No significant medical condition that would preclude study participation
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 30 days after study participation

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No other concurrent biologic therapy

Chemotherapy

  • Prior adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy allowed for primary disease
  • No prior chemotherapy for metastatic disease
  • More than 4 weeks since prior cytotoxic chemotherapy
  • More than 6 months since prior taxanes (e.g., docetaxel or paclitaxel)
  • No other concurrent chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Prior antiestrogen hormonal therapy allowed in the adjuvant or metastatic setting

Radiotherapy

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • More than 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy to a target lesion

    • Prior single-dose palliative radiotherapy allowed within the past 4 weeks
  • No concurrent radiotherapy

Surgery

  • More than 4 weeks since prior major surgery

Other

  • More than 2 weeks since prior aspirin, anticoagulants, or thrombolytic agents

    • Concurrent low-dose warfarin (1 mg/day) to maintain patency of vascular access device allowed
  • More than 4 weeks since prior investigational agents
  • No concurrent aspirin, anticoagulants, or thrombolytic agents
  • No concurrent participation in another clinical trial involving investigational agents or procedures
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00088998

Sponsors and Collaborators
North Central Cancer Treatment Group
Investigators
Study Chair: Edith A. Perez, MD Mayo Clinic
Investigator: Todor Dentchev, MD Altru Cancer Center at Altru Hospital
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Perez EA, Hillman DW, Kugler JW, et al.: North Central Cancer Treatment Group (NCCTG) N0432: phase II trial of docetaxel with capecitabine and bevacizumab as first line chemotherapy for patients with metastatic breast cancer. [Abstract] Breast Cancer Res Treat 100 (Suppl 1): A-2069, S104, 2006.

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00088998     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000377886, NCCTG-N0432
Study First Received: August 4, 2004
Last Updated: December 23, 2010
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
male breast cancer
recurrent breast cancer
stage IV breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Docetaxel
Capecitabine
Bevacizumab
Fluorouracil
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Growth Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 23, 2014