Phase II Study of Oxaliplatin, Irinotecan, and Capecitabine in Advanced Gastric/Gastroesophageal Junction Carcinoma

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00084617
First received: June 10, 2004
Last updated: June 5, 2013
Last verified: June 2013
  Purpose

Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as oxaliplatin, irinotecan, and capecitabine, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Giving more than one chemotherapy drug may kill more tumor cells. This phase II trial is studying how well giving oxaliplatin together with irinotecan and capecitabine works in treating patients with metastatic or inoperable locally advanced gastric cancer or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma (cancer).


Condition Intervention Phase
Adenocarcinoma of the Gastroesophageal Junction
Diffuse Adenocarcinoma of the Stomach
Intestinal Adenocarcinoma of the Stomach
Mixed Adenocarcinoma of the Stomach
Recurrent Gastric Cancer
Stage IIIA Gastric Cancer
Stage IIIB Gastric Cancer
Stage IIIC Gastric Cancer
Stage IV Gastric Cancer
Drug: oxaliplatin
Drug: irinotecan hydrochloride
Drug: capecitabine
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study of Oxaliplatin, Irinotecan, and Capecitabine in Advanced Gastric/Gastroesophageal Junction Carcinoma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Response rates (RR) in metastatic gastric/GE junction tumors [ Time Frame: Up to 4 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    An increase in response rate by 30% with the proposed regimen would yield a total response rate of 65% that would be clinically meaningful.

  • CR + PR duration [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months after study completion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Will be analyzed using Kaplan-Meier methods. Median CR + PR duration times will be compared to a historical control value of 7 months.


Enrollment: 80
Study Start Date: March 2004
Primary Completion Date: October 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (oxaliplatin, irinotecan, capecitabine)
Patients receive oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours and irinotecan IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 and oral capecitabine twice daily on days 1-5, 8-12, 15-19, and 22-26. Courses repeat every 42 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: oxaliplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 1-OHP
  • Dacotin
  • Dacplat
  • Eloxatin
  • L-OHP
Drug: irinotecan hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Campto
  • Camptosar
  • CPT-11
  • irinotecan
  • U-101440E
Drug: capecitabine
Given orally
Other Names:
  • CAPE
  • Ro 09-1978/000
  • Xeloda

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the total response rate of the oxaliplatin, irinotecan and capecitabine drug combination in advanced gastric/esophageal junction carcinoma.

II. To assess the duration of total responses of the oxaliplatin, irinotecan and capecitabine drug combination in advanced gastric/esophageal junction carcinoma.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients receive oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours and irinotecan IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 and oral capecitabine twice daily on days 1-5, 8-12, 15-19, and 22-26. Courses repeat every 42 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients are followed annually.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 40-80 patients will be accrued for this study within 18 months.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed gastric adenocarcinoma or adenocarcinoma of the gastroesophageal junction. Patients must have metastatic or inoperable locally advanced disease; GE Junction tumor location should be documented in the patient's medical record chart using the Siewert classification below:

    • Type I: Adenocarcinoma of the distal esophagus which usually arises from an area with specialized intestinal metaplasia of the esophagus and which may infiltrate the GE junction from above Type II: True carcinoma of the cardia arising from the cardiac epithelium or short segments with intestinal metaplasia at the GE junction Type III: Subcardial gastric carcinoma which infiltrates the GE junction and distal esophagus from below
  • Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as >= 20 mm with conventional techniques or as >= 10 mm with spiral CT scan
  • No prior chemotherapy for metastatic or recurrent disease is allowed; one course of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and/or adjuvant chemotherapy with or without radiation therapy as primary treatment is acceptable; at least 4 weeks must have elapsed since prior radiation therapy; patients must have been off previous anti-cancer therapy for at least 4 weeks
  • Life expectancy of >= 12 weeks
  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • Hemoglobin >= 9.5 g/dL
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/uL
  • Platelets >= 100,000/uL
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 mg/dL
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 mg/dL OR creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
  • The effects of oxaliplatin, irinotecan, and capecitabine on the developing human fetus at the recommended therapeutic dose are unknown; for this reason and because these drugs are known to be teratogenic, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier
  • Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents
  • Patients with known brain metastases should be excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events; patients should have no greater than grade 2 neuropathy
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to oxaliplatin, irinotecan and capecitabine
  • Patients with NYHA classification III or IV heart disease are ineligible
  • Patients must not have a known hypersensitivity to 5-fluorouracil
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because the study drugs have the potential to cause teratogenic or abortifacient effects; because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with the study drugs, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with oxaliplatin, irinotecan or capecitabine
  • Patients with immune deficiency are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy; therefore, HIV-positive patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy are excluded from the study because of possible pharmacokinetic interactions with the study drugs; appropriate studies will be undertaken in patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy when indicated
  • Patients who are unable to take oral medications are not eligible
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00084617

Locations
United States, Ohio
Case Western Reserve University
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Joanna Brell Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00084617     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-03010, CASE 1203, CDR0000365464, U01CA062502
Study First Received: June 10, 2004
Last Updated: June 5, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Adenocarcinoma
Stomach Neoplasms
Esophageal Neoplasms
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Stomach Diseases
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Esophageal Diseases
Capecitabine
Fluorouracil
Oxaliplatin
Irinotecan
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 18, 2014