Community-Based Cognitive Therapy for Suicide Attempters

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Gregory Brown, University of Pennsylvania
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00081367
First received: April 9, 2004
Last updated: June 9, 2014
Last verified: June 2014
  Purpose

This study will determine the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in preventing future suicide attempts in repeat suicide attempters.


Condition Intervention Phase
Suicide, Attempted
Behavioral: CBT
Behavioral: Standard care alone
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Community-Based Cognitive Therapy for Suicide Attempters

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Pennsylvania:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Repeat suicide attempts [ Time Frame: Measured during treatment and 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after study completion ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 140
Study Start Date: February 2004
Study Completion Date: November 2009
Primary Completion Date: November 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) + standard care
Participants will receive ten weekly sessions of treatment plus standard care for suicide prevention.
Behavioral: CBT
Participants will receive ten weekly sessions of treatment. Suicidal thoughts or attempts, hopelessness, depression, health care utilization, and overall psychological and social adaptation will be assessed.
Behavioral: Standard care alone
Participants will receive standard care for suicide prevention.
Active Comparator: Standard care alone
Participants will receive standard care for suicide prevention.
Behavioral: Standard care alone
Participants will receive standard care for suicide prevention.

Detailed Description:

Rates of mental health and substance use disorders are high among economically disadvantaged, ethnic minority populations. Studies have shown that CBT designed for this high-risk population is successful at reducing suicide attempts in people with suicidal thoughts or attempts. This study will implement a CBT intervention into the community and will focus on increasing compliance with psychiatric, substance abuse, and medical treatment.

Participants in this study will be randomly assigned to receive either CBT plus standard care or standard care alone. Participants who receive CBT will have ten weekly sessions of treatment. Suicidal thoughts or attempts, hopelessness, depression, health care utilization, and overall psychological and social adaptation will be assessed. Assessments will be made 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after study completion.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Suicide attempt within 48 hours prior to being evaluated at the hospital
  • English speaking
  • Able to provide 2 verifiable contacts

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Acute, unstable, or severe Axis III disorder or a severe Axis I disorder that may prevent safe participation in outpatient psychotherapy
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00081367

Locations
United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pennsylvania
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Gregory Brown, Research Associate Professor of Clinical Psychology in Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00081367     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R01 MH67805, R01MH067805, DSIR 83-ATP
Study First Received: April 9, 2004
Last Updated: June 9, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by University of Pennsylvania:
Minority Groups

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Suicide
Suicide, Attempted
Self-Injurious Behavior
Behavioral Symptoms

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 19, 2014