Ultraviolet-B Light Therapy and Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Patients With Hematologic Malignancies

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00068523
First received: September 10, 2003
Last updated: June 10, 2010
Last verified: June 2010
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Peripheral stem cell transplantation may be able to replace immune cells that were destroyed by chemotherapy. Sometimes the transplanted cells from a donor are rejected by the body's normal cells. Ultraviolet-B light therapy given before and after allogeneic stem cell transplantation may help prevent this from happening.

PURPOSE: Clinical trial to study the effectiveness of combining ultraviolet-B light therapy with allogeneic stem cell transplantation in treating patients who have hematologic malignancies.


Condition Intervention
Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders
Leukemia
Lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Diseases
Biological: anti-thymocyte globulin
Drug: cyclophosphamide
Drug: cyclosporine
Drug: fludarabine phosphate
Drug: methylprednisolone
Procedure: UV light therapy
Procedure: allogeneic bone marrow transplantation
Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Immunomodulation by Ultraviolet B-Irradiation (UVB) to Facilitate Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation for Treatment of Hematologic Malignancies

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Case Comprehensive Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Study the effectiveness of combining ultraviolet-B light therapy with allogeneic stem cell transplantation in treating patients who have hematologic malignancies. [ Time Frame: Patients are followed at least monthly for 3 months and then at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 10
Study Start Date: June 2003
Primary Completion Date: March 2004 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Biological: anti-thymocyte globulin
    anti-thymocyte globulin IV over 4 hours on days -2 to -1
    Drug: cyclophosphamide
    cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on days -3 to -2
    Drug: cyclosporine
    oral cyclosporine on days -1 to 100
    Drug: fludarabine phosphate
    fludarabine IV over 30 minutes on days -8 to -4
    Drug: methylprednisolone
    methylprednisolone (oral or IV) on days 5-15
    Procedure: UV light therapy
    Patients undergo ultraviolet-B (UVB) light therapy every other day between days -10 and -2 for a total of 3 days. Posttransplantation UVB light therapy: Following PBSC transplantation, patients undergo UVB light therapy twice weekly on week 1 (at least 1 day apart) and three times weekly on weeks 2-4.
    Procedure: allogeneic bone marrow transplantation Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
    Allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) transplantation: Patients undergo PBSC transplantation on day 0.
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • Determine the safety of ultraviolet-B light therapy and allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation in patients with hematologic malignancies by demonstrating 100-day mortality no greater than 15% and 1-year mortality no greater than 40%.
  • Determine the frequency of treatment-related toxicity leading to death and frequency of disease relapse resulting in death in patients treated with this regimen.
  • Determine the incidence and severity of acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease in patients treated with this regimen.

Secondary

  • Determine the rates of donor allogeneic hematologic engraftment in patients treated with this regimen.
  • Determine the rate and quality of immune reconstitution in the peripheral blood and the composition of immune cells in the skin before and after transplantation in these patients.
  • Determine the event-free and overall survival of patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE:

  • Preparative regimen: Patients receive fludarabine IV over 30 minutes on days -8 to -4 and cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on days -3 to -2. Patients also receive anti-thymocyte globulin IV over 4 hours on days -2 to -1. Patients undergo ultraviolet-B (UVB) light therapy every other day between days -10 and -2 for a total of 3 days.
  • Allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) transplantation: Patients undergo PBSC transplantation on day 0.
  • Graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis: Patients receive oral cyclosporine on days -1 to 100 and methylprednisolone (oral or IV) on days 5-15.
  • Posttransplantation UVB light therapy: Following PBSC transplantation, patients undergo UVB light therapy twice weekly on week 1 (at least 1 day apart) and three times weekly on weeks 2-4.

Donor lymphocyte infusion is performed per institutional guidelines for patients in whom emerging donor chimerism post allogeneic PBSC transplantation is not progressing (consistently below 50% during first 3 months), for whom donor chimerism is receding (to below 25%) despite cessation of cyclosporine, or who relapse within 24 months after allografting.

Patients are followed at least monthly for 3 months and then at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 23-36 patients will be accrued for this study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed diagnosis of any of the following hematologic malignancies:

    • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) meeting any of the following criteria:

      • First complete remission with high-risk karyotype

        • Translocations t(15;17) allowed only if failed first-line induction therapy OR molecular evidence of persistent disease exists
        • Translocations t(8;21) and inv(16) allowed only if failed first-line induction therapy
      • Second or subsequent complete remission
      • Minimal residual disease*
    • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia meeting any of the following criteria:

      • Failed induction therapy and has minimal residual disease* by salvage therapy
      • First complete remission with high-risk karyotype (e.g., t[4;11] or t[9;22])
      • Relapsed disease allowed provided a second or subsequent complete remission or minimal residual disease* is achieved
    • Chronic myelogenous leukemia meeting any of the following criteria:

      • Persistent or relapsed disease after 1 year of imatinib mesylate therapy
      • Accelerated phase or blast crisis

        • Blast crisis allowed after reinduction chemotherapy places disease in chronic phase
    • Myelodysplastic syndromes meeting any of the following criteria:

      • Refractory to medical management
      • Cytogenetic abnormalities predictive of transformation into acute leukemia, including 5q-, 7q-, monosomy 7 and trisomy 8, or evidence of evolution to AML (e.g., refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB) or RAEB in transformation)
    • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma or Hodgkin's lymphoma meeting any of the following criteria:

      • Beyond first complete remission or failed primary induction therapy and demonstrated sensitivity to therapy during the 6 months before transplantation
      • Recurrent disease after autologous stem cell transplantation

        • Must be at least 3 months posttransplantation
      • Cyclin D1+ mantle cell lymphoma allowed after induction therapy and in first remission
    • Multiple myeloma meeting either of the following criteria:

      • Refractory or relapsed disease
      • Residual disease after autologous transplantation
    • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) meeting all of the following criteria:

      • Peripheral blood absolute lymphocyte count greater than 5,000/mm^3
      • Small to moderate size lymphocytes and less than 55% pro-lymphocytes, atypical lymphocytes, or lymphoblasts morphologically
      • B-cell or T-cell
    • Myeloproliferative disorders, including myelofibrosis

      • Philadelphia negative
  • Availability of a HLA-A, B, and DR identical family donor OR HLA-A, B, and DR genetically matched unrelated donor
  • Must meet 1 of the following criteria:

    • At least 55 years of age at time of transplantation
    • Received extensive prior therapy (i.e., more than 1 year of alkylator therapy or more than 2 different prior salvage regimens) or stem cell transplantation with myeloablative conditioning (either autologous or allogeneic)
    • Presenting with comorbid condition (e.g., abnormal cardiac, pulmonary, or renal function and/or prior life-threatening infection) that precludes eligibility for enrollment in allogeneic transplantation protocols with full ablation conditioning
  • No active CNS disease NOTE: *Defined as having no circulating blasts, absolute neutrophil count greater than 1,000/mm3 and less than 10% blasts in bone marrow at least 3 weeks after last systemic chemotherapy

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Over 18

Performance status

  • ECOG 0-2

Life expectancy

  • At least 3 months

Hematopoietic

  • See Disease Characteristics

Hepatic

  • Bilirubin no greater than 2.0 mg/dL
  • ALT/AST no greater than 4 times normal

Renal

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Creatinine less than 2.0 mg/dL OR
  • Creatinine clearance at least 50 mL/min

Cardiovascular

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Normal cardiac function by echocardiogram or radionuclide scan
  • Shortening fraction or ejection fraction at least 40% of normal

Pulmonary

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • DLCO at least 60%
  • FEV_1 greater than 50% of predicted
  • Pulse oximetry greater than 85%

Other

  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • HIV negative
  • No uncontrolled active infection

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • At least 2 weeks since prior biologic response modifiers, signal transduction inhibitors, or monoclonal antibodies

Chemotherapy

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • At least 4 weeks since prior systemic conventional chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified

Radiotherapy

  • Not specified

Surgery

  • Not specified

Other

  • Recovered from prior therapy
  • No concurrent sun block/sunscreen or any cosmetic that may act as a sunscreen (e.g., lotion with SPF) on the days of scheduled ultraviolet-B light therapy
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00068523

Locations
United States, Ohio
Ireland Cancer Center at University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106
Sponsors and Collaborators
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Omer N. Koc, MD Ireland Cancer Center at University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Omer N. Koc, MD, Ireland Cancer Center at University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00068523     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ICC7Y02, P30CA043703, CWRU-ICC-7Y02
Study First Received: September 10, 2003
Last Updated: June 10, 2010
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Case Comprehensive Cancer Center:
refractory multiple myeloma
accelerated phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia in remission
adult acute myeloid leukemia in remission
blastic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
recurrent adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia
recurrent adult acute myeloid leukemia
refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia
relapsing chronic myelogenous leukemia
de novo myelodysplastic syndromes
previously treated myelodysplastic syndromes
recurrent adult diffuse large cell lymphoma
recurrent adult diffuse mixed cell lymphoma
recurrent adult diffuse small cleaved cell lymphoma
recurrent adult Burkitt lymphoma
recurrent adult immunoblastic large cell lymphoma
recurrent adult lymphoblastic lymphoma
recurrent grade 1 follicular lymphoma
recurrent grade 2 follicular lymphoma
recurrent grade 3 follicular lymphoma
recurrent mantle cell lymphoma
refractory anemia with excess blasts in transformation
refractory anemia with excess blasts
secondary myelodysplastic syndromes
Philadelphia chromosome negative chronic myelogenous leukemia
chronic idiopathic myelofibrosis
B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia
T-cell large granular lymphocyte leukemia
chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
recurrent adult Hodgkin lymphoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms
Leukemia
Lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Plasmacytoma
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Preleukemia
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Hematologic Neoplasms
Myelodysplastic-Myeloproliferative Diseases
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Bone Marrow Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Neoplasms by Site
Antilymphocyte Serum
Cyclophosphamide
Cyclosporins
Cyclosporine

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 26, 2014