Voriconazole With or Without Interferon Gamma in Treating Patients With Aspergillosis or Other Fungal Infections

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00059878
First received: May 6, 2003
Last updated: June 17, 2013
Last verified: July 2004
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Antifungals such as voriconazole may be effective in controlling fungal infections. Combining voriconazole with interferon gamma may be more effective than voriconazole alone in treating fungal infections.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to compare the effectiveness of voriconazole with or without interferon gamma in treating patients who have aspergillosis or other fungal infections.


Condition Intervention Phase
Infection
Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific
Biological: recombinant interferon gamma
Drug: voriconazole
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: A Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind, Multicenter Pilot Study Of The Safety And Efficacy Of Interferon Gamma- 1b (IFN-y 1b) Plus Voriconazole Versus Placebo Plus Voriconazole In The Treatment Of Invasive Aspergillosis And Other Filamentous Fungal Infections

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Study Start Date: August 2003
Study Completion Date: January 2005
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Determine the safety profile of voriconazole and interferon gamma in patients with invasive aspergillosis or other filamentous fungal infections.
  • Compare the efficacy and possible heterogeneity in efficacy of voriconazole with or without interferon gamma across different patient sub-populations, in terms of designing a larger phase II or pivotal phase III study.
  • Determine the time to partial or complete response and rate of response (at weeks 6 and 12 or at end of treatment and follow-up) in patients receiving interferon gamma.
  • Compare the proportion of patients with at least a two-fold reduction in the galactomannan antigenemia titer at 6 and 12 weeks or at end of treatment with these regimens.
  • Determine surrogate immunologic markers for response to interferon gamma, functional integrity and anti-fungal activity of phagocytic cells (neutrophils, monocytes, and macrophages), and nonphagocytic effector cells (natural killer and T cells) in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double-blind, multicenter, pilot study. Patients are stratified according to age (under 18 vs 18 and over) and absolute neutrophil count (less than 500/mm^3 vs at least 500/mm^3). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive voriconazole (IV over 80-120 minutes for the first 3 doses and orally every 12 hours for subsequent doses) 3 times per week and interferon gamma subcutaneously (SC) 3 times per week.
  • Arm II: Patients receive voriconazole as in arm I and placebo SC 3 times per week.

In both arms, treatment continues for 12 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients are followed at 4 weeks.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 88 patients (44 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   2 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Proven or probable invasive aspergillosis or other filamentous fungal infection by cytology, histopathology, or culture within the past 7 days
  • Presenting with 1 of the following:

    • Cancer
    • Aplastic anemia
    • Inherited immunodeficiencies
    • Autoimmune deficiency disorders
    • Acquired immunodeficiencies
    • Recipient of autologous peripheral blood stem cell or bone marrow transplantation
  • CNS aspergillosis or other filamentous fungal infection allowed
  • No invasive zygomycosis infection

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

  • 2 and over

Performance status

  • Not specified

Life expectancy

  • At least 7 days

Hematopoietic

  • Not specified

Hepatic

  • ALT no greater than 5 times upper limit of normal

Renal

  • Creatinine clearance at least 30 mL/min

Other

  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective barrier contraception
  • No prior significant CNS disorder (e.g., multiple sclerosis or uncontrolled seizures)
  • No prior grade 3 or 4 toxicity or severe allergic reaction to interferon gamma
  • No prior intolerance or hypersensitivity to voriconazole or other azoles
  • No acute or chronic graft-versus-host disease
  • No conditions that would preclude study compliance

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No prior allogeneic peripheral blood or bone marrow transplantation
  • No concurrent interferon alfa

Chemotherapy

  • Not specified

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified

Radiotherapy

  • Not specified

Surgery

  • No prior solid organ transplantation

Other

  • Prior voriconazole allowed
  • At least 24 hours since prior administration of any of the following:

    • Astemizole
    • Cisapride
    • Pimozide
    • Quinidine
    • Sirolimus
    • Terfenadine
    • Rifabutin
    • Ergot alkaloids
    • Sildenafil citrate
    • Amiodarone
    • Flecainide
    • Systemic lidocaine
  • More than 14 days since prior long-acting barbiturates, carbamazepine, or rifampin
  • No other concurrent systemic antifungal drugs
  • No other concurrent investigational agents
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00059878

Locations
United States, Arkansas
Arkansas Cancer Research Center at University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
Little Rock, Arkansas, United States, 72205
United States, Florida
Shands Cancer Center at the University of Florida Health Science Center
Gainesville, Florida, United States, 32610-100277
United States, Maryland
Warren Grant Magnuson Clinical Center - NCI Clinical Studies Support
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892-1182
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Study Chair: Thomas J. Walsh, MD National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00059878     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000298887, NCI-03-C-0111
Study First Received: May 6, 2003
Last Updated: June 17, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
infection
unspecified adult solid tumor, protocol specific

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Aspergillosis
Mycoses
Interferon-gamma
Interferons
Voriconazole
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents
Antifungal Agents
14-alpha Demethylase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 22, 2014