The Value of Genetic Information to Adult Adopted Individuals

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00057694
First received: April 5, 2003
Last updated: March 3, 2008
Last verified: January 2004
  Purpose

This study will explore adult adoptees' perceptions of the potential value of genetic and family history information. Unlike most people, many adopted individuals do not have access to personal or family medical information because of laws and practices that prevent disclosure. Research suggests that adopted individuals are interested in obtaining this information about their biological families. This study will examine adoptees':

  • Satisfaction with the amount of genetic information they have, their motivations for wanting more information, and when it becomes important for them to have this information.
  • Perceptions of the degree to which they believe genetics and family history influence various traits and conditions.

The study will also explore adoptees' interactions with health care providers so that recommendations can be developed for helping genetic counselors meet the needs of these individuals.

English-speaking adoptees 18 years of age and older are eligible for this study. Those enrolled will participate in a one-time telephone interview that will take about 45 to 60 minutes. The interview will obtain demographic information, such as the adoptee's age, sex, racial and ethnic background, marital status, and education level, and will include questions in the following areas:

  • Personal adoption story;
  • Perceptions of the role of the biological family history and medical information and its importance and usefulness;
  • Perceptions of the influence of genetics and family history on health;
  • Reproductive history and pregnancy concerns related to being adopted;
  • Experiences and interactions with health care providers related to adoption;
  • Suggestions for improving interactions with health care providers.

Condition
Adoption
Genetic Counseling

Study Type: Observational
Official Title: Genetic Information: Exploring the Value to Adult Adoptees

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 40
Study Start Date: April 2003
Estimated Study Completion Date: January 2004
Detailed Description:

In contrast to the majority of the population, many adopted individuals do not have access to personal or familial medical information because of laws and practices that prevent disclosure. A body of research has suggested however that adopted individuals are interested in obtaining this information regarding their biological families. The proposed study broadly aims to explore adult adoptees' perceptions regarding the potential value of genetic and family history information. Specifically it will investigate adoptees' motivations for obtaining the information, their perceptions regarding the influence of genetics on health, and their experiences with healthcare providers related to adoption and medical information. These objectives will be addressed in telephone interviews with English-Speaking adult adoptees (over the age of 18 years) that were placed in unrelated adoptive families. A semi-structured guide for the telephone interviews consists of a series of open-ended questions that explore the objectives of the study. We hope to collect data on about 40 individuals. The data will be subject to coding for thematic analyses to identify recurring trends and themes. This study has implications for genetic counselors as the findings may guide the development of appropriate educational messages and counseling recommendations for adopted individuals related to their genetic and family history information.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

English-speaking adoptees, over 18 years of age, who were placed in unrelated adoptive families.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Adult adoptee that participated in piloting.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00057694

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00057694     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 030144, 03-HG-0144
Study First Received: April 5, 2003
Last Updated: March 3, 2008
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Qualitative
Telephone Interviews
Genetic Counseling
Family History
Health Information
Adult Adoptees
Adult Adoptee
Interview

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 26, 2014