Bevacizumab and Erlotinib in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Metastatic Head and Neck Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00055913
First received: March 6, 2003
Last updated: February 11, 2014
Last verified: December 2012
  Purpose

This randomized phase I/II trial is to see if combining erlotinib with bevacizumab works better in treating patients who have recurrent or metastatic head and neck cancer. Erlotinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking the enzymes needed for tumor cell growth. Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, can block cancer growth in different ways. Some block the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Others find cancer cells and help kill them or deliver cancer-killing substances to them. Combining erlotinib with bevacizumab may kill more tumor cells.


Condition Intervention Phase
Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Hypopharynx
Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Larynx
Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity
Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Nasopharynx
Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx
Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity
Salivary Gland Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Stage IV Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Hypopharynx
Stage IV Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Larynx
Stage IV Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity
Stage IV Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Nasopharynx
Stage IV Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx
Stage IV Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity
Biological: bevacizumab
Drug: erlotinib hydrochloride
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I/II Study Of Bevacizumab (rhuMAb VEGF) In Combination With OSI-774 For Patients With Recurrent Or Metastatic Cancer Of The Head And Neck

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximum tolerated dose of bevacizumab when used in combination with erlotinib hydrochloride determined by dose-limiting toxicities (Phase I) [ Time Frame: 28 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Objective response rate (CR + PR) evaluated using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) (Phase II) [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Progression-free survival rate (Phase II) [ Time Frame: Time from the start of treatment until disease progression or death, assessed up to 7 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Overall survival rate (Phase II) [ Time Frame: Up to 7 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 58
Study Start Date: March 2003
Primary Completion Date: September 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I
Patients receive bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on day 15 and oral erlotinib on days 1-28. All subsequent courses patients receive oral erlotinib on days 1-21. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Biological: bevacizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • anti-VEGF humanized monoclonal antibody
  • anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody
  • Avastin
  • rhuMAb VEGF
Drug: erlotinib hydrochloride
Given orally
Other Names:
  • CP-358,774
  • erlotinib
  • OSI-774
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Experimental: Arm II
Patients receive bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1 and oral erlotinib on days 1-28. All subsequent courses patients receive oral erlotinib on days 1-21. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Biological: bevacizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • anti-VEGF humanized monoclonal antibody
  • anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody
  • Avastin
  • rhuMAb VEGF
Drug: erlotinib hydrochloride
Given orally
Other Names:
  • CP-358,774
  • erlotinib
  • OSI-774
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose and dose-limiting toxicity of bevacizumab when administered with erlotinib in patients with recurrent or metastatic head and neck cancer.

II. Determine the objective response rate and stable disease/absence of early progression in patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of bevacizumab followed by a randomized, multicenter study.

Phase I: Patients receive bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1 and oral erlotinib on days 1-21. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of bevacizumab until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

Phase II: Course 1 is 28 days in length. All subsequent courses are 21 days.

Course 1: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

Arm I: Patients receive bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on day 15 and oral erlotinib on days 1-28.

Arm II: Patients receive bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1 and oral erlotinib on days 1-28.

All subsequent courses: All patients receive bevacizumab as in arm II and oral erlotinib on days 1-21.

Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed squamous cell cancer of the head and neck

    • Recurrent or metastatic disease
    • Determined to be incurable by surgery or radiotherapy
  • Measurable disease
  • No tumor involvement encasing or too close in proximity to a major artery or vein
  • No known brain metastases
  • No prior or concurrent CNS disease
  • No primary brain tumor
  • Performance status - ECOG 0-2
  • Performance status - Karnofsky 60-100%
  • More than 12 weeks
  • No history of bleeding diathesis
  • WBC at least 3,000/mm^3
  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3
  • INR less than 1.5
  • Bilirubin normal
  • AST and ALT no greater than 2.5 times upper limit of normal
  • Creatinine normal
  • Creatinine clearance at least 60 mL/min
  • No significant renal impairment
  • 24-hour urinary protein less than 0.5 g required if more than trace proteinuria at baseline
  • No uncontrolled hypertension
  • No symptomatic congestive heart failure
  • No serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication
  • No deep venous thrombosis
  • No prior stroke
  • No New York Heart Association class II-IV heart disease
  • No grade II-IV peripheral vascular disease within the past year
  • No arterial thromboembolic event within the past 6 months, including any of the following:

    • Unstable angina pectoris
    • Myocardial infarction
    • Transient ischemic attack
    • Cerebrovascular accident
  • No clinically significant peripheral artery disease
  • No significant ophthalmologic abnormalities* including any of the following:

    • Severe dry eye syndrome
    • Keratoconjunctivitis sicca
    • Sjögren's syndrome
    • Severe exposure keratopathy
    • Disorders that might increase the risk for epithelium-related complications (e.g., bullous keratopathy, aniridia, severe chemical burns, neutrophilic keratitis)
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No prior allergic reactions to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to bevacizumab or other study agents
  • No known hypersensitivity to Chinese hamster ovary cell products or other recombinant human antibodies
  • No significant traumatic injury within the past 28 days
  • No other concurrent uncontrolled illness
  • No psychiatric illness or social situation that would preclude study compliance
  • No ongoing or active infection requiring parenteral antibiotics
  • No serious non-healing wound ulcer or bone fracture
  • No seizures not controlled by standard medical therapy
  • More than 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin)
  • More than 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy
  • More than 4 weeks since prior major surgery
  • More than 4 weeks since prior open biopsy
  • Recovered from prior therapy
  • No more than 1 prior regimen for recurrent disease
  • No prior epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-based therapy for recurrent disease
  • No prior vascular EGFR-based therapy for recurrent disease
  • No other concurrent investigational agents
  • No other concurrent anticancer agents or therapies
  • No concurrent combination antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive patients
  • No concurrent chronic use of aspirin (325 mg/day or more) or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • No concurrent warfarin or heparin, including low-molecular weight heparin
  • No other concurrent or recent (within 1 month) thrombolytic agents or full-dose anticoagulants (except to maintain patency of preexisting, permanent indwelling IV catheters)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00055913

Locations
United States, Illinois
University of Chicago
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Ezra Cohen University of Chicago
  More Information

No publications provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00055913     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-02520, NCI-2012-02520, CDR0000271444, UCCRC-NCI-5701, UCCRC-11956A, NCI-5701, 11956A, 5701, P30CA014599, N01CM62201
Study First Received: March 6, 2003
Last Updated: February 11, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Laryngeal Neoplasms
Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms
Oropharyngeal Neoplasms
Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Laryngeal Diseases
Nasopharyngeal Diseases
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Nose Diseases
Nose Neoplasms
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Neoplasms
Paranasal Sinus Diseases
Pharyngeal Diseases
Pharyngeal Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Stomatognathic Diseases
Antibodies
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Bevacizumab
Erlotinib
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 20, 2014