S0216, Combination Chemotherapy and RT in Treating Patients With Stage III or Stage IV Head and Neck Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
Southwest Oncology Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00054054
First received: February 5, 2003
Last updated: July 21, 2011
Last verified: July 2011
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Combining more than one chemotherapy drug with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy and radiation therapy in treating patients with stage III or stage IV head and neck cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Head and Neck Cancer
Drug: cisplatin
Drug: docetaxel
Drug: fluorouracil
Radiation: radiation therapy
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Docetaxel (NSC-628503), Cisplatin (NSC-119875), And 5-Fluorouracil (NSC-19893) Induction Chemotherapy Followed By Accelerated Fractionation/Concomitant Boost Radiation And Concurrent Single Agent Cisplatin (NSC-119875), In Patients With Advanced Squamous Cell Head And Neck Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Southwest Oncology Group:

Study Start Date: April 2003
Primary Completion Date: November 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Determine the overall survival of patients with stage III or IV squamous cell head and neck cancer treated with docetaxel, cisplatin, and fluorouracil followed by accelerated fractionation/concomitant boost radiotherapy and cisplatin.
  • Determine the unconfirmed complete response rate in these patients after treatment with induction chemotherapy.
  • Determine the overall complete response rate (confirmed and unconfirmed) in patients treated with this regimen.
  • Determine the toxic effects of this regimen in these patients.

OUTLINE:

  • Induction Chemotherapy: Patients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour and cisplatin IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1 and fluorouracil IV continuously on days 1-4. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 2 courses in the absence of unacceptable toxicity.
  • Chemoradiotherapy: Beginning within 3-4 weeks after administration of the second course of induction chemotherapy, patients receive accelerated fractionation radiotherapy once daily, 5 days per week, for 6 weeks with concomitant boost radiotherapy once daily, 5 days a week, for the last 2.5 weeks of radiotherapy. Patients also receive concurrent cisplatin IV over 30-60 minutes on days 1 and 22.

Patients are followed every 2 months for 1 year, every 3 months for 2 years, every 4 months for 1 year, and then every 6 months for 1 year.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 60 patients will be accrued for this study within 2 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (excluding lip, nasopharynx, paranasal sinus, and salivary gland) by biopsy or fine needle aspirate of the primary lesion or neck mass

    • Stage III or IV disease
  • No evidence of distant metastases

    • Negative chest x-ray
  • Primary site in the head and neck region must be identified

    • No unknown primary site
  • Considered to be appropriate for definitive radiotherapy with curative intent

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

  • 18 and over

Performance status

  • Zubrod 0-1

Life expectancy

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic

  • Granulocyte count greater than 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm^3

Hepatic

  • Bilirubin no greater than upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Alkaline phosphatase less than 2 times ULN
  • ALT or AST less than 1.5 times ULN

Renal

  • Creatinine less than 1.5 mg/dL

Cardiovascular

  • No myocardial infarction within the past 3 months
  • No unstable or uncontrolled angina

Other

  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No other prior malignancy within the past 5 years except adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, carcinoma in situ of the cervix, or adequately treated stage I or II cancer currently in complete remission
  • No evidence of pre-existing peripheral neuropathy
  • No active systemic infection
  • No history of hypersensitivity reaction to products containing polysorbate 80

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

  • Not specified

Chemotherapy

  • No prior chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified

Radiotherapy

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No prior radiotherapy

Surgery

  • No prior surgery for head or neck cancer
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00054054

  Show 95 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Southwest Oncology Group
Investigators
Study Chair: David J. Adelstein, MD The Cleveland Clinic
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Adelstein DJ, Moon J, Hanna E, et al.: S0216: a Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) phase II trial of docetaxel (T), cisplatin (P), and fluorouracil (F) induction followed by accelerated fractionation/concomitant boost (AF/CB) radiotherapy (RT) and concurrent cisplatin for advanced head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC). [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 25 (Suppl 18): A-6014, 302s, 2007.

Responsible Party: Laurence H. Baker, D.O., Southwest Oncology Group-Group Chair's Office
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00054054     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000269781, S0216, U10CA032102
Study First Received: February 5, 2003
Last Updated: July 21, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Southwest Oncology Group:
stage III squamous cell carcinoma of the hypopharynx
stage III squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx
stage III squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the hypopharynx
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Docetaxel
Cisplatin
Fluorouracil
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 16, 2014