Cause and Natural Course of Pediatric-Onset Mastocytosis
This study will evaluate children with mastocytosis, a disease of excessive mast cells in tissues such as skin and bone marrow, to identify the cause of the disease and describe its course. Mast cells can release chemicals that cause itching, blisters, flushing, bone pain, and abdominal pain. Usually, mastocytosis in children involves the skin only and is of limited duration. This study, however, will focus on children with more severe disease that more closely resembles adult-onset mastocytosis.
Patients up to 21 years of age with childhood-onset mastocytosis may be eligible for this study. Candidates must have one or more of the following abnormalities, which indicate severe disease: enlarged liver or spleen; diffuse skin involvement; history of gastrointestinal bleeding or peptic ulcer; bone marrow biopsy with abnormal mast cells either in number or shape; elevated blood levels of the enzyme tryptase; or abnormal hemoglobin, white blood cells, platelets, or clotting factors.
Participants will have a medical history and physical examination; various blood tests, including studies to identify genetic changes that are important in the growth, development, and functioning of human mast cells; and bone marrow aspiration and biopsy. For the bone marrow procedure, the skin over the hipbone and the outer surface of the bone itself are numbed with an injection of local anesthesia. Then, a special needle is inserted into the hipbone and about 2 tablespoons of bone marrow are drawn into a syringe. Another needle is then inserted through the first needle to collect a small piece of the bone marrow. Pain will be managed according to the individual patient s needs. Additional procedures, such as a gastroenterology consultation, colonoscopy to examine the colon, or computerized axial tomography (CT) or ultrasound of the abdomen to assess the liver and spleen, may be done if medically indicated. Standard medical treatment, including antihistamines for itching or steroids for abdominal cramping or diarrhea, will be recommended as appropriate.
Patients biologic parents may also be enrolled to provide a blood sample for genetic analysis and a bone marrow aspirate and biopsy for clinical and research purposes.
Patients will return to NIH once a year for follow-up evaluations until their disease is stable or until the 5-year study ends.
|Official Title:||Determining the Pathogenesis of Systemic Pediatric-Onset Mastocytosis|
|Study Start Date:||November 2002|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||March 2014|
Mastocytosis in infants and children is an unusual disease characterized by an excess of mast cells in tissues. In pediatric onset mastocytosis, disease is usually localized to the skin and disease is considered to be of limited duration. However, a subset of children appear to develop a clinical picture resembling that observed in adults who have adult-onset disease. This study will focus on children with more severe mastocytosis in an attempt to define its pathogenesis, focusing on mutations and polymorphisms in genes regulating mast cell proliferation and survival to determine if they might contribute to this disease pattern. If severe pediatric-onset disease does not fit within the existing classification, new criteria of diagnosis must be proposed for the pediatric age group.
This study will examine children and young adults age birth to 21 years with pediatric-onset disease previously enrolled on NIAID mastocytosis protocols, or as a result of physician referral, which have disease more consistent with adult-onset disease or parameters associated with increased morbidity. The evaluation may include serum tryptase, blood count, bone marrow biopsy and aspirate, morphology and mutational analysis. Subjects may be asked to return in 12-24 months for assessment. If relevant mutation effecting mast cell growth and function are identified, such mutations will be sought in the biologic parents as appropriate, but only when such mutations are believed to be germ line (not somatic) mutations. This study will aid in the understanding of the characteristics of severe mastocytosis in the pediatric age group.
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Principal Investigator:||Melody C Carter, M.D.||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|