Erlotinib, Docetaxel, and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced Head and Neck Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00049283
First received: November 12, 2002
Last updated: June 5, 2014
Last verified: January 2013
  Purpose

Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Erlotinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking the enzymes necessary for tumor cell growth. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Combining erlotinib with docetaxel may make the tumor cells more sensitive to radiation therapy and may kill more tumor cells. Phase I trial to study the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of combining erlotinib with docetaxel and radiation therapy in treating patients who have locally advanced head and neck cancer


Condition Intervention Phase
Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer With Occult Primary Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Stage III Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Hypopharynx
Stage III Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Larynx
Stage III Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity
Stage III Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Nasopharynx
Stage III Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx
Stage III Verrucous Carcinoma of the Larynx
Stage III Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity
Stage IV Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Hypopharynx
Stage IV Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Nasopharynx
Stage IVA Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Larynx
Stage IVA Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity
Stage IVA Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx
Stage IVA Verrucous Carcinoma of the Larynx
Stage IVA Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity
Stage IVB Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Larynx
Stage IVB Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity
Stage IVB Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx
Stage IVB Verrucous Carcinoma of the Larynx
Stage IVB Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity
Stage IVC Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Larynx
Stage IVC Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity
Stage IVC Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx
Stage IVC Verrucous Carcinoma of the Larynx
Stage IVC Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity
Tongue Cancer
Untreated Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer With Occult Primary
Drug: erlotinib hydrochloride
Drug: docetaxel
Radiation: radiation therapy
Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Other: pharmacological study
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study of the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor, OSI-774, in Combination With Docetaxel and Radiation in Locally Advanced Squamous Cell Cancer of the Head and Neck

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • MTD defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity assessed using Common Toxicity Criteria (CTC) version 3.0 (Phase I) [ Time Frame: 9 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Pharmacokinetic profile (Phase I) [ Time Frame: Pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 12, 24 48, and 72 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Time to disease progression (TTP) (Phase II) [ Time Frame: Up to 5.5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Progression-free survival (PFS) (Phase II) [ Time Frame: From the date of treatment to date of death or date of disease progression, and to date of last follow-up for those still alive and progression free, assessed up to 5.5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Will be estimated by Kaplan-Meier method.

  • Overall survival (OS) (Phase II) [ Time Frame: From the date of treatment to date of death, and to date of last follow-up for those still alive, assessed up to 5.5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Will be estimated by Kaplan-Meier method.

  • True objective response rate (Phase II) [ Time Frame: Up to 5.5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Will be estimated based on the number of responses using a binomial distribution and its confidence interval will be estimated using Wilson's method.

  • Changes of EGFR expression and serum markers over time (Phase II) [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to 5.5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Wilcoxon signed rank test (the non-parametric version of paired T-test) will be used.

  • Patterns of gene expression data (Phase II) [ Time Frame: Up to 5.5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Cluster analysis including hierarchical clustering, Gaussian clustering, k means clustering, will be used.


Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: September 2002
Study Completion Date: February 2008
Primary Completion Date: February 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (erlotinib hydrochloride, docetaxel, and radiation)
Patients receive oral erlotinib alone daily on weeks 1 and 2. Patients then receive oral erlotinib daily beginning on day 1 and docetaxel IV over 1 hour on day 3 of weeks 3-9. Patients also undergo radiotherapy once daily 5 days a week on weeks 3-9. Patients continue erlotinib for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients who had N2 or greater cervical lymph node involvement at baseline or have residual neck adenopathy after chemoradiotherapy undergo neck dissection 6-8 weeks after completion of chemoradiotherapy. Erlotinib is held for 1 week before planned surgery and until healing is complete.
Drug: erlotinib hydrochloride
Given orally
Other Names:
  • CP-358,774
  • erlotinib
  • OSI-774
Drug: docetaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • RP 56976
  • Taxotere
  • TXT
Radiation: radiation therapy
Undergo radiotherapy
Other Names:
  • irradiation
  • radiotherapy
  • therapy, radiation
Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
Undergo neck dissection
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Other: pharmacological study
Correlative studies
Other Name: pharmacological studies

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine MTD and toxicity of combination of EGFR inhibitor (OSI-774), docetaxel, and radiation.

II. Pharmacokinetic profile of OSI-774 alone and in combination with docetaxel.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine the overall and complete response rate of this combination.

II. Determine overall, disease free, and progression free survival of this combination.

  • EGFR expression and phosphorylation status
  • Serum markers of angiogenic activity VEGF, sVEGFR-2, sKIT, ICAM, PDGF
  • Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for EGFR, ERBB2, PDGFR-β for gene amplification
  • DNA-sequencing of EGFR and ERBB2 genes from DNA extracted from pretreatment biopsy material for mutation screening
  • Gene expression profiling on pre-treatment biopsy material to identify predictors of response to treatment
  • Apoptosis (TUNEL assay)
  • Ki67 (nuclear proliferation antigen).

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of erlotinib and docetaxel.

Patients receive oral erlotinib alone daily on weeks 1 and 2. Patients then receive oral erlotinib daily beginning on day 1 and docetaxel IV over 1 hour on day 3 of weeks 3-9. Patients also undergo radiotherapy once daily 5 days a week on weeks 3-9. Patients continue erlotinib for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients who had N2 or greater cervical lymph node involvement at baseline or have residual neck adenopathy after chemoradiotherapy undergo neck dissection 6-8 weeks after completion of chemoradiotherapy. Erlotinib is held for 1 week before planned surgery and until healing is complete.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of erlotinib and docetaxel until the MTD is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

Patients are followed every 16 weeks for 1 year after completion of erlotinib, every 24 weeks for 2 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 30 patients will be accrued for this study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed locally advanced (stage III or IV) squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck without distant metastatic disease
  • No prior chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or investigational anti-tumor drug
  • Measurable disease within 4 weeks prior to registration according to the recommended RECIST response criteria
  • ECOG performance status =< 2 (Karnofsky >= 60%)
  • Life expectancy of greater than 12 weeks
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/ul
  • Platelets >= 100,000/ul
  • Hemoglobin >= 10 mg/dL
  • Total bilirubin within normal institutional limits
  • AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) =< 5 x ULN when alkaline phosphatase is =< ULN
  • Alkaline phosphatase =< 5 x ULN when AST or ALT =< ULN
  • Prothrombin time within normal institutional limits
  • Creatinine within normal institutional limits or creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
  • No clinically significant heart disease (including NYHA class III or IV heart disease, significant arrhythmias requiring medication, symptomatic coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction within the previous six months, second or third degree heart block or bundle branch block)
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; men and women of childbearing potential must be willing to consent to using effective contraception while on treatment and for at least 3 months thereafter; women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
  • Ability to understand and willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

  • All histologies other than squamous cell carcinoma
  • Salivary gland and paranasal sinus squamous cell carcinoma
  • Patients who have had prior chemotherapy or radiotherapy
  • Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents
  • Patients with known brain metastases or direct cerebral invasion by tumor should be excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events; patients with intracranial extension (but without cerebral involvement) may still be eligible to participate
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to OSI-774 or docetaxel, including other drugs formulated with polysorbate 80
  • No pre-existing peripheral neuropathy >= grade 2
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study; breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated on this protocol
  • HIV positive patients are excluded from participation
  • Patients with history of any other malignancy (except squamous cell or basal cell cancer of the skin or CIS of cervix) are ineligible unless a period of 5 years has elapsed since treatment of the previous cancer and the patient has remained continuously disease free
  • Patients who are felt to be poorly compliant
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00049283

Locations
United States, Ohio
Case Western Reserve University
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Panayiotis (Panos) Savvides Case Western Reserve University
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00049283     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-03113, CWRU 1301, U01CA099168, U01CA062502
Study First Received: November 12, 2002
Last Updated: June 5, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Laryngeal Diseases
Tongue Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Verrucous
Neoplasms, Unknown Primary
Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms
Laryngeal Neoplasms
Oropharyngeal Neoplasms
Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Mouth Neoplasms
Mouth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Tongue Diseases
Neoplasm Metastasis
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes
Pharyngeal Neoplasms
Otorhinolaryngologic Neoplasms
Pharyngeal Diseases
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Nasopharyngeal Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 22, 2014