Docetaxel and Trastuzumab With or Without Carboplatin in Treating Women With HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00047255
First received: October 3, 2002
Last updated: July 27, 2012
Last verified: July 2012
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Monoclonal antibodies such as trastuzumab can locate tumor cells and either kill them or deliver tumor-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. It is not yet known if docetaxel and trastuzumab are more effective with or without carboplatin in treating women who have HER2-positive breast cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to study the effectiveness of combining docetaxel and trastuzumab with or without carboplatin in treating women who have HER2-positive stage IIIB or stage IV breast cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer
Biological: trastuzumab
Drug: carboplatin
Drug: docetaxel
Biological: trastuxumab
Drug: Docetaxel
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter Phase III Randomized Trial Comparing Docetaxel (Taxotere) and Trastuzumab (Herceptin) With Docetaxel (Taxotere), Carboplatin and Trastuzumab (Herceptin) as First Line Chemotherapy for Patients With Advanced Breast Cancer Containing the HER2 Gene Amplification

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Evaluate time to disease progression after treatment with either Herceptin in with single-agent docetaxel (TH) or Herceptin with Carboplatin and TH in metastatic breast cancer pts previously untreated with chemo whose cancer contains the HER2 gene amp. [ Time Frame: till disease progression ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To compare response rate, duration of overall response, overall survival. [ Time Frame: undefined ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To evaluate and compare the rate of clinical benefit, defined as CR, PR, or stable disease > 24 weeks. [ Time Frame: undefined ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To compare toxicity between the 2 arms. [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • To evaluate pathologic and molecular markers for predicting efficacy. [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Correlate peripheral levels of shed HER2 extracellular domain (ECD) with FISH results and to determine whether peripheral levels of shed HER2 ECD consitute a prognostic and/or predicitive factor vis-a-vis time to progression and survival. [ Time Frame: undefined ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To evaluate genetic and biochemical markers for predicting risk of developing cardiac dysfunction and later cardiac events in this patient population. [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 28
Study Start Date: May 2002
Primary Completion Date: May 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Herceptin plus docetaxel

Cycle 1: Day 1: Herceptin (H) 4 mg/kg loading dose administered by IV infusion over 90 minutes, Day 2: Docetaxel (T) 100 mg/m2 by IV infusion over 30 minutes, Day 8: (H) 2mg/kg administered by IV infusion over 30 minutes, Day 15: 2mg/kg administered by IV infusion over 30 minutes.

Subsequent cycles: Day 1: (T) 100mg/m2 as 1 hour IV infusion given every 3 weeks, followed by (H) 2 mg/kg IV infusion over 30 minutes, Day 8: (H) 2 mg/kg administered by IV infusion over 30 minutes, Day 15: (H) 2 mg/kg administered by IV infusion over 30 minutes.

Last cycle: Day 1: (T) 100mg/m2 as 1 hour IV infusion followed by (H) 2 mg/kg IV infusion over 30 minutes, Day 8: (H) 2 mg/kg administered by IV infusion over 30 minutes, Day 15: (H) 2 mg/kg administered by IV infusion over 30 minutes, Day 22: (H) 6 mg/kg administered by IV infusion over 30 minutes.

Drug: docetaxel

Cycle 1: Day 1: Herceptin (H) 4 mg/kg loading dose administered by IV infusion over 90 minutes, Day 2: Docetaxel (T) 100 mg/m2 by IV infusion over 30 minutes, Day 8: (H) 2mg/kg administered by IV infusion over 30 minutes, Day 15: 2mg/kg administered by IV infusion over 30 minutes.

Subsequent cycles: Day 1: (T) 100mg/m2 as 1 hour IV infusion given every 3 weeks, followed by (H) 2 mg/kg IV infusion over 30 minutes, Day 8: (H) 2 mg/kg administered by IV infusion over 30 minutes, Day 15: (H) 2 mg/kg administered by IV infusion over 30 minutes.

Last cycle: Day 1: (T) 100mg/m2 as 1 hour IV infusion followed by (H) 2 mg/kg IV infusion over 30 minutes, Day 8: (H) 2 mg/kg administered by IV infusion over 30 minutes, Day 15: (H) 2 mg/kg administered by IV infusion over 30 minutes, Day 22: (H) 6 mg/kg administered by IV infusion over 30 minutes.

Other Name: taxotere
Biological: trastuxumab

Cycle 1: Day 1: Herceptin (H) 4 mg/kg loading dose administered by IV infusion over 90 minutes, Day 2: Docetaxel (T) 100 mg/m2 by IV infusion over 30 minutes, Day 8: (H) 2mg/kg administered by IV infusion over 30 minutes, Day 15: 2mg/kg administered by IV infusion over 30 minutes.

Subsequent cycles: Day 1: (T) 100mg/m2 as 1 hour IV infusion given every 3 weeks, followed by (H) 2 mg/kg IV infusion over 30 minutes, Day 8: (H) 2 mg/kg administered by IV infusion over 30 minutes, Day 15: (H) 2 mg/kg administered by IV infusion over 30 minutes.

Last cycle: Day 1: (T) 100mg/m2 as 1 hour IV infusion followed by (H) 2 mg/kg IV infusion over 30 minutes, Day 8: (H) 2 mg/kg administered by IV infusion over 30 minutes, Day 15: (H) 2 mg/kg administered by IV infusion over 30 minutes, Day 22: (H) 6 mg/kg administered by IV infusion over 30 minutes.

Other Name: herceptin
Experimental: Docetaxel, Carboplatin, and Herceptin

Cycle 1: Day 1: Herceptin (H) 4 mg/kg loading dose admin by IV over 90 mins, Day 2: Docetaxel (T) 75 mg/m2 by IV over 1 hour followed by carboplatin (C) at target AUC=6 mg/mL/min admin by IV over 30-60 mins, Day 8: (H) 2mg/kg admin by IV over 30 mins, Day 15: 2mg/kg admin by IV over 30 mins.

Subsequent cycles: Day 1: (T) 75mg/m2 as 1 hour IV followed by (C) at target AUC=6 mg/mL/min admin by IV 30-60 mins every 3 weeks followed by (H) 2 mg/kg IV over 30 mins, Day 8: (H) 2 mg/kg admin by IV over 30 mins, Day 15: (H) 2 mg/kg admin by IV over 30 mins.

Last cycle: Day 1: (T) 75mg/m2 as 1 hour IV followed by (C) at target AUC=6 mg/mL/min admin by IV 30-60 mins every 3 weeks followed by (H) 2 mg/kg IV over 30 mins, Day 8: (H) 2 mg/kg admin by IV over 30 mins, Day 15: (H) 2 mg/kg admin by IV over 30 mins, Day 22: (H) 6 mg/kg admin by IV over 30 mins.

Biological: trastuzumab

Cycle 1: Day 1: Herceptin (H) 4 mg/kg loading dose admin by IV over 90 mins, Day 2: Docetaxel (T) 75 mg/m2 by IV over 1 hour followed by carboplatin (C) at target AUC=6 mg/mL/min admin by IV over 30-60 mins, Day 8: (H) 2mg/kg admin by IV over 30 mins, Day 15: 2mg/kg admin by IV over 30 mins.

Subsequent cycles: Day 1: (T) 75mg/m2 as 1 hour IV followed by (C) at target AUC=6 mg/mL/min admin by IV 30-60 mins every 3 weeks followed by (H) 2 mg/kg IV over 30 mins, Day 8: (H) 2 mg/kg admin by IV over 30 mins, Day 15: (H) 2 mg/kg admin by IV over 30 mins.

Last cycle: Day 1: (T) 75mg/m2 as 1 hour IV followed by (C) at target AUC=6 mg/mL/min admin by IV 30-60 mins every 3 weeks followed by (H) 2 mg/kg IV over 30 mins, Day 8: (H) 2 mg/kg admin by IV over 30 mins, Day 15: (H) 2 mg/kg admin by IV over 30 mins, Day 22: (H) 6 mg/kg admin by IV over 30 mins.

Other Name: herceptin
Drug: carboplatin

Cycle 1: Day 1: Herceptin (H) 4 mg/kg loading dose admin by IV over 90 mins, Day 2: Docetaxel (T) 75 mg/m2 by IV over 1 hour followed by carboplatin (C) at target AUC=6 mg/mL/min admin by IV over 30-60 mins, Day 8: (H) 2mg/kg admin by IV over 30 mins, Day 15: 2mg/kg admin by IV over 30 mins.

Subsequent cycles: Day 1: (T) 75mg/m2 as 1 hour IV followed by (C) at target AUC=6 mg/mL/min admin by IV 30-60 mins every 3 weeks followed by (H) 2 mg/kg IV over 30 mins, Day 8: (H) 2 mg/kg admin by IV over 30 mins, Day 15: (H) 2 mg/kg admin by IV over 30 mins.

Last cycle: Day 1: (T) 75mg/m2 as 1 hour IV followed by (C) at target AUC=6 mg/mL/min admin by IV 30-60 mins every 3 weeks followed by (H) 2 mg/kg IV over 30 mins, Day 8: (H) 2 mg/kg admin by IV over 30 mins, Day 15: (H) 2 mg/kg admin by IV over 30 mins, Day 22: (H) 6 mg/kg admin by IV over 30 mins.

Drug: Docetaxel

Cycle 1: Day 1: Herceptin (H) 4 mg/kg loading dose admin by IV over 90 mins, Day 2: Docetaxel (T) 75 mg/m2 by IV over 1 hour followed by carboplatin (C) at target AUC=6 mg/mL/min admin by IV over 30-60 mins, Day 8: (H) 2mg/kg admin by IV over 30 mins, Day 15: 2mg/kg admin by IV over 30 mins.

Subsequent cycles: Day 1: (T) 75mg/m2 as 1 hour IV followed by (C) at target AUC=6 mg/mL/min admin by IV 30-60 mins every 3 weeks followed by (H) 2 mg/kg IV over 30 mins, Day 8: (H) 2 mg/kg admin by IV over 30 mins, Day 15: (H) 2 mg/kg admin by IV over 30 mins.

Last cycle: Day 1: (T) 75mg/m2 as 1 hour IV followed by (C) at target AUC=6 mg/mL/min admin by IV 30-60 mins every 3 weeks followed by (H) 2 mg/kg IV over 30 mins, Day 8: (H) 2 mg/kg admin by IV over 30 mins, Day 15: (H) 2 mg/kg admin by IV over 30 mins, Day 22: (H) 6 mg/kg admin by IV over 30 mins.

Other Name: taxotere

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Compare the time to disease progression in women with HER2-positive stage IIIB, IIIC, or IV breast cancer treated with docetaxel and trastuzumab (Herceptin) with or without carboplatin.
  • Compare the response rate and duration of overall response in patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare the overall survival of patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare rate of clinical benefit, defined as complete response, partial response, or stable disease for more than 24 weeks, in patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare the toxicity of these regimens in these patients.
  • Determine pathologic and molecular markers for predicting efficacy of these regimens in these patients.
  • Determine genetic and biochemical markers for predicting risk of cardiac dysfunction and later cardiac events in patients receiving these regimens.
  • Determine whether peripheral levels of shed HER2 extracellular domain constitute a prognostic and/or predictive factor of time to progression and survival of patients receiving these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, open-label, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to prior adjuvant and/or neoadjuvant chemotherapy (none vs with taxanes vs without taxanes) and participating center. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I:

    • Course 1: Patients receive trastuzumab (Herceptin) IV over 30-90 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15. Patients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour and carboplatin IV over 30-60 minutes on day 2.
    • Courses 2 and all subsequent courses: Patients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour and carboplatin IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1 and trastuzumab IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15.
  • Arm II: Patients receive docetaxel and trastuzumab as in arm I. In both arms, treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 8 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After completion of 8 courses, patients continue to receive trastuzumab IV over 30 minutes every 21 days in the absence of disease progression.

Patients are followed every 2 months for 3 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 250 patients (125 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 18 months.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the breast

    • Stage IIIB, IIIC, or IV
    • HER2-positive
  • Measurable or evaluable disease

    • Patients with osteolytic bone lesions as only site of disease must have at least 2 lytic sites confirmed by bone x-ray, MRI, or CT scan
    • None of the following are eligible as only manifestation of metastatic disease:

      • Blastic bone metastases
      • Mixed bone metastases
      • Lymphangitic carcinomatosis
      • Ascites
      • Pleural/pericardial effusion
      • Lymphangitis cutis/pulmonis
      • Inflammatory breast disease
      • Abdominal masses not confirmed and followed by imaging techniques
      • Cystic lesions
  • No prior or known concurrent clinical manifestation of brain or leptomeningeal involvement
  • Hormone receptor status:

    • Not specified

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

  • 18 to 75

Sex

  • Female

Menopausal status

  • Pre- or post-menopausal

Performance status

  • Karnofsky 60-100%

Life expectancy

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic

  • Neutrophil count at least 2,000/mm3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3
  • Hemoglobin at least 10 g/dL

Hepatic

  • Bilirubin no greater than upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • AST and ALT no greater than 5 times ULN
  • Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 5 times ULN (unless due to bone metastases or any nonmalignant bone disease and in absence of liver disorders)
  • AST and/or ALT greater than 1.5 times ULN AND alkaline phosphatase greater than 2.5 times ULN ineligible

Renal

  • Creatinine no greater than 2 mg/dL
  • Creatinine clearance at least 60 mL/min

Cardiovascular

  • LVEF normal by MUGA or echocardiogram
  • No myocardial infarction within the past year
  • No unstable angina pectoris
  • No documentation of congestive heart failure
  • No concurrent grade 3 or 4 cardiovascular arrhythmia
  • No poorly controlled hypertension (i.e., diastolic pressure greater than 100 mmHg)

Pulmonary

  • No severe dyspnea due to complications of advanced malignancy
  • No respiratory insufficiency requiring supplemental oxygen

Other

  • No significant neurologic or psychiatric disorders (e.g., psychotic disorders, dementia, or seizures) that would preclude study
  • No pre-existing sensory or motor neuropathy grade 2 or greater
  • No other serious illness or medical condition
  • No active uncontrolled infection
  • No active peptic ulcer disease
  • No unstable diabetes mellitus
  • No other prior or concurrent malignancy except for:

    • Curatively treated nonmelanoma skin cancer
    • Carcinoma in situ of the cervix
    • Other curatively treated cancer and disease free for at least 10 years
  • No known allergic reactions to study drugs
  • No contraindications for the use of corticosteroids
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

  • See Chemotherapy
  • No prior trastuzumab (Herceptin) for locally advanced or metastatic disease
  • Prior trastuzumab-containing regimen (except with taxane) as adjuvant or neoadjuvant therapy allowed provided relapse occurred at least 6 months after therapy

Chemotherapy

  • No prior chemotherapy for locally advanced or metastatic disease or local recurrence
  • No prior chemotherapy with anthracycline or anthracenedione regimens with cumulative doses of more than 360 mg/m2 of doxorubicin, 720 mg/m2 of epirubicin, or 72 mg/m2 of mitoxantrone
  • No prior platinum-containing regimen as adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy
  • At least 4 weeks since prior anthracyclines or anthracenediones
  • Prior taxanes as adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy allowed provided relapse occurred at least 6 months after therapy
  • Prior taxane with trastuzumab as adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy allowed provided relapse occurred at least 12 months after therapy
  • No concurrent amifostine

Endocrine therapy

  • Prior hormonal therapy in the adjuvant or metastatic setting allowed provided patient has progressive disease and therapy has stopped before study entry
  • Concurrent chronic corticosteroids allowed if initiated more than 6 months before study entry and at a low dose (no greater than 20 mg methylprednisolone or equivalent)
  • No concurrent raloxifene, tamoxifen, or other selective estrogen receptor modulators
  • No concurrent hormonal therapy

Radiotherapy

  • No prior radiotherapy to study lesion unless clear progression
  • At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy (unless radiotherapy involved only a single field to treat a single metastatic bone lesion)
  • Concurrent radiotherapy for palliative treatment allowed

Surgery

  • Not specified

Other

  • Recovered from prior antitumor therapy
  • At least 30 days since prior experimental drugs
  • No other concurrent experimental drugs
  • No other concurrent anticancer therapy
  • No concurrent bisphosphonates if osteolytic bone metastases are only site of disease

    • If receiving concurrent bisphosphonates other than for bone metastases only, must have been started at least 3 months before study entry
  • No concurrent primary prophylactic antibiotics
  • No concurrent cardioprotectors (e.g., dexrazoxane)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00047255

Locations
United States, California
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, UCLA
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095
Sponsors and Collaborators
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Linnea Chap, MD C. Klien and Associates
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Pegram M, Forbes J, Pienkowski T, et al.: BCIRG 007: first overall survival analysis of randomized phase III trial of trastuzumab plus docetaxel with or without carboplatin as first line therapy in HER2 amplified metastatic breast cancer (MBC). [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 25 (Suppl 18): A-LBA1008, 2007.
Valero V, Roche H, Pienkowski T, et al.: BCIRG 007: serum HER2 levels in women with metastatic HER2-amplified breast cancer. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 25 (18 Suppl 20): A-1020, 2007.
Forbes JF, Kennedy J, Pienkowski T, et al.: BCIRG 007: randomized phase III trial of trastuzumab plus docetaxel with or without carboplatin first line in HER2 positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC): main time to progression (TTP) analysis. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 24 (Suppl 18): A-LBA516, 7s, 2006.

Responsible Party: Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00047255     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000257580, P30CA016042, UCLA-0109024, BCIRG-007
Study First Received: October 3, 2002
Last Updated: July 27, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center:
stage IIIB breast cancer
stage IIIC breast cancer
stage IV breast cancer
recurrent breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Trastuzumab
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Docetaxel
Carboplatin
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 21, 2014