Total-Body Irradiation, Fludarabine, and Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Patients With Hematologic Cancer

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified February 2005 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was  Active, not recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00044954
First received: September 6, 2002
Last updated: February 6, 2009
Last verified: February 2005
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage cancer cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining chemotherapy with donor peripheral stem cell transplantation may allow the doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy drugs and kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combining total-body irradiation with fludarabine and donor peripheral stem cell transplantation in treating patients who have hematologic cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Leukemia
Lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Diseases
Biological: therapeutic allogeneic lymphocytes
Drug: cyclosporine
Drug: fludarabine phosphate
Drug: mycophenolate mofetil
Procedure: allogeneic bone marrow transplantation
Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
Radiation: radiation therapy
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Low Dose Total-Body Irradiation And Fludarabine Followed By HLA Matched Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation For Hematologic Malgnancies - A Multi-Center Study

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Study Start Date: November 2001
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Determine the response rate and duration of response in patients with low-risk hematologic malignancies treated with low-dose total-body irradiation (TBI) and fludarabine followed by HLA-matched allogeneic stem cell transplantation followed by a slow immunosuppression taper and donor leukocyte infusions (DLI).
  • Determine the response rate and duration of response in patients with high-risk hematologic malignancies treated with low-dose TBI and fludarabine followed by HLA-matched allogeneic stem cell transplantation followed by a faster immunosuppression taper and DLI.
  • Determine the incidence and extent of graft-versus-host disease, regimen-related toxicity, and engraftment in patients treated with these regimens.
  • Assess the quality of life of patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 groups (high-risk vs low-risk hematologic malignancy). The high-risk group includes acute myelogenous leukemia, myelodysplastic syndromes, accelerated phase chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), second chronic phase CML, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The low-risk group includes Hodgkin's lymphoma, first chronic phase CML, multiple myeloma, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

Patients receive fludarabine IV on days -4 to -2. Patients undergo total-body irradiation on day 0 followed by allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Patients also receive oral mycophenolate mofetil on days 0-28.

High-risk patients receive oral cyclosporine twice daily on days -2 to day 60. Patients with persistent disease, T-cell chimerism, and no graft-vs-host disease (GVHD) on day 90 receive up to 3 doses of donor leukocyte infusion (DLI) over the next 4 months.

Low-risk patients receive oral cyclosporine twice daily on days -2 to day 150. Patients with persistent disease, T-cell chimerism, and no GVHD on day 180 receive up to 3 doses of DLI over the next 4 months.

Quality of life is assessed at baseline and at 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months.

Patients are followed at 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months and then annually for 2 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 120 patients (60 per group) will be accrued for this study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Diagnosis of one of the following hematologic malignancies:

    • Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)

      • First or second chronic phase
      • Accelerated phase
    • Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)

      • At least second remission
      • First remission allowed if poor-risk features are present (complex chromosome karyotype, abnormalities of chromosomes, especially 5 or 7, 12p-, +13, +8, t[9:11])
    • Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS)

      • Intermediate- or high-risk disease by the prognostic scoring system
    • Multiple myeloma (MM)
    • Hodgkin's lymphoma

      • Second or greater relapse
      • First relapse allowed if disease-free interval is less than 1 year
      • Ineligible for autologous transplantation
    • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL)

      • Grade III follicular large cell (relapsed after one course of prior chemotherapy)
      • Diffuse large cell (relapsed after one course of prior chemotherapy)
      • Mantle cell
    • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)

      • Relapsed after at least 1 course of prior therapy
  • Must have 6 out of 6 HLA A-, B-, and DR- identical sibling donor

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

  • 18 to 75 for patients with MM
  • 50 to 75 for patients with CML, AML, MDS, Hodgkin's lymphoma, NHL, or CLL
  • 18 to 49 for patients with CML, AML, MDS, Hodgkin's lymphoma, NHL, or CLL who are considered eligible for an allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) but do not meet institutional criteria for a standard allogeneic BMT

Performance status

  • Zubrod 0-2

Life expectancy

  • At least 6 months

Hematopoietic

  • Not specified

Hepatic

  • Bilirubin no greater than 3 mg/dL

Renal

  • Creatinine no greater than 2 mg/dL

Cardiovascular

  • LVEF at least 40% by MUGA or echocardiogram

Pulmonary

  • DLCO at least 50% of predicted

Other

  • HIV negative
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No recent history of drug or alcohol abuse
  • No other prior malignancy except basal cell skin cancer
  • No uncontrolled bacterial, viral, fungal, or parasitic infections

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

  • Prior autologous transplantation allowed if disease progression occurred
  • No prior or concurrent tandem autologous transplantation followed by non-myeloablative-allograft protocol

Chemotherapy

  • See Disease Characteristics

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified

Radiotherapy

  • Not specified

Surgery

  • Not specified
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00044954

Locations
United States, Colorado
Rocky Mountain Cancer Centers - Denver Midtown
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80218
United States, Florida
Florida Hospital Cancer Institute
Orlando, Florida, United States, 32804
United States, Georgia
Blood and Marrow Transplant Group of Georgia
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30342-4777
United States, Iowa
Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center at University of Iowa
Iowa City, Iowa, United States, 52242-1009
United States, Missouri
Kansas City Cancer Centers - Central
Kansas City, Missouri, United States, 64111
United States, New Jersey
Cancer Center at Hackensack University Medical Center
Hackensack, New Jersey, United States, 07601
St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center
Paterson, New Jersey, United States, 07503
United States, New York
James P. Wilmot Cancer Center at University of Rochester Medical Center
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
United States, Oregon
Cancer Institute at Oregon Health and Science University
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97239-3098
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center at Vanderbilt Medical Center
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37212
United States, Texas
Simmons Cancer Center at University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center - Dallas
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75235-8590
Texas Transplant Institute
San Antonio, Texas, United States, 78229
United States, Virginia
Massey Cancer Center at Virginia Commonwealth University
Richmond, Virginia, United States, 23298-0037
United States, Wisconsin
University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center
Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53792
Sponsors and Collaborators
Simmons Cancer Center
Investigators
Study Chair: Robert H. Collins, MD Simmons Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00044954     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000069461, UTSMC-0799296, AMGEN-UTSMC-0799296, IBMTR-SC-00-03.1, ROCHE-UTSMC-0799296, SPRI-UTSMC-0799296, NCI-V02-1705
Study First Received: September 6, 2002
Last Updated: February 6, 2009
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
recurrent adult Hodgkin lymphoma
stage I multiple myeloma
stage II multiple myeloma
stage III multiple myeloma
chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
accelerated phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
adult acute myeloid leukemia in remission
recurrent grade 3 follicular lymphoma
recurrent adult diffuse large cell lymphoma
de novo myelodysplastic syndromes
previously treated myelodysplastic syndromes
secondary myelodysplastic syndromes
recurrent mantle cell lymphoma
stage III mantle cell lymphoma
stage IV mantle cell lymphoma
refractory multiple myeloma
stage I mantle cell lymphoma
contiguous stage II mantle cell lymphoma
noncontiguous stage II mantle cell lymphoma
atypical chronic myeloid leukemia
myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative disease, unclassifiable
refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia
adult acute myeloid leukemia with t(8;21)(q22;q22)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with t(16;16)(p13;q22)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with inv(16)(p13;q22)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with 11q23 (MLL) abnormalities
adult acute myeloid leukemia with t(15;17)(q22;q12)

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms
Leukemia
Lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Plasmacytoma
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Preleukemia
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Myelodysplastic-Myeloproliferative Diseases
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Bone Marrow Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Cyclosporins
Cyclosporine
Mycophenolate mofetil
Mycophenolic Acid
Fludarabine phosphate
Vidarabine

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 28, 2014