Theory-Based Interventions for Smoking and Obesity (Challenge) Trial

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00040287
First received: June 24, 2002
Last updated: May 16, 2007
Last verified: May 2007
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to examine a new theory for understanding the processes that govern behavior change by observing how people’s beliefs and feelings about smoking cessation or weight loss change as they participate in smoking cessation or weight control programs. This study also seeks to improve the ability of treatment programs to help people maintain changes in their behavior.


Condition Intervention Phase
Smoking
Obesity
Behavioral: smoking cessation program
Behavioral: weight control program
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS):

Estimated Enrollment: 1778
Study Start Date: January 1999
Detailed Description:

The goal of this clinical trial is to examine a new theory for understanding the processes that govern short-term versus long-term behavior change. The study will examine how people’s beliefs and feelings about smoking cessation or weight loss change as they participate in either a smoking cessation program or a weight control program. Also, the study will improve the ability of treatment programs to help people maintain changes in their behavior. The project involves a series of two parallel investigations.

Study 1 tests the hypothesis that intervention methods that influence cost/benefit expectations related to quitting smoking and losing weight will have different effects on long-term smoking cessation and weight loss. The participants are randomly selected to treatment programs that induce heightened or realistic outcome expectations.

Study 2 tests the hypothesis that intervention methods that influence perceived satisfaction with behavior change will have different effects on long-term smoking cessation and weight loss. The participants are randomly selected to treatment programs that induce them to evaluate the consequences of behavior change either in comparison to past or ideal outcomes.

All of the intervention programs used in these studies are based on highly effective treatment procedures. The programs differ in how information about weight loss and smoking cessation is presented, how the participants are encouraged to think about their achievements during the treatment programs, and how much help is given to the participants in organizing their thoughts during the programs.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Eligibility criteria for the smoking cessation studies were: between 18 and 60 years old, a minimum 2-year history of smoking, a current level of smoking > 10 cigarettes per day, and agreement to participate in the study.

Eligibility requirements for the weight loss studies were: between 18 and 60 years old, body mass index (weight/height2) > 27.0, 20 percent or more above desirable weight according to medical standards, and consent to participate.

Smokers and overweight persons were excluded if currently being treated by a physician for a serious physical or psychological disorder (e.g., heart disease, cancer, depression). Women were excluded if currently pregnant, pregnant in the last 6 months, or intending to become pregnant in the next 18 months. People who were overweight and who also smoked were considered eligible for participation in either weight loss or smoking cessation programs. However, they received treatment only for the particular behavior problem targeted by the study they chose to participate in.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00040287

Locations
United States, Minnesota
University of Minnesota, Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Epidemiology Clinic Research Center, Suite 201, 1100 Washington Avenue South
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55415
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Robert Jeffery, Ph.D. University of Minnesota, Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health
  More Information

No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00040287     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R01NS38441
Study First Received: June 24, 2002
Last Updated: May 16, 2007
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS):
smoking
obesity
weight loss
smoking cessation
weight control

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Obesity
Smoking
Overnutrition
Nutrition Disorders
Overweight
Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms
Habits

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 20, 2014