Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Advanced or Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00030797
First received: February 14, 2002
Last updated: May 14, 2012
Last verified: May 2012
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy in treating patients who have advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Colorectal Cancer
Drug: Irinotecan 70 mg/m2
Drug: Irinotecan 240 mg/m2
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase II Trial Of Capecitabine And Different Schedules Of Irinotecan As First Line Treatment For Advanced Or Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research:

Enrollment: 75
Study Start Date: February 2001
Study Completion Date: December 2003
Primary Completion Date: May 2002 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Arm A
Irinotecan i.v. 70 mg/m2, day 1, 8, 15, 22, 29; Capecitabine p.o. 2 x 1000 mg/m2, d1-14, d22-35;
Drug: Irinotecan 70 mg/m2
Irinotecan i.v. 70 mg/m2, day 1, 8, 15, 22, 29
Active Comparator: Arm B
Irinotecan i.v. 240 mg/m2 day 1 and day 22; Capecitabine p.o. 2 x 1000 mg/m2, d1-14, d22-35;
Drug: Irinotecan 240 mg/m2
Irinotecan i.v. 240 mg/m2 day 1 and day 22

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Compare the efficacy of different schedules of irinotecan in combination with capecitabine as first-line therapy, in terms of objective response rate, in patients with advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer.
  • Compare the time to treatment failure, time to progression, and overall survival of patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare the safety profile, in terms of toxicity, of these regimens in these patients.
  • Determine the quality of life in patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to performance status (0 vs 1); disease symptoms, including pain, weight loss, loss of appetite, malaise, and fever of unknown origin (yes vs no); weight loss during the past 6 months (more than 5% vs 5% or less); and disease-free interval (more than 6 months vs 6 months or less). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive irinotecan IV over 1 hour on days 1, 8, 15, 22, and 29 and oral capecitabine twice daily on days 1-14 and 22-35.
  • Arm II: Patients receive irinotecan IV over 1 hour on days 1 and 22 and oral capecitabine as in arm I.

Treatment in both arms repeats every 6 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Quality of life is assessed at baseline, on day 1 of each course, and at the first visit after treatment failure.

Patients are followed every 12 weeks for 1 year and then every 6 months thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 28-74 patients (14-37 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer

    • Unresectable disease
  • At least 1 bidimensionally measurable lesion

    • At least 2 cm in perpendicular diameters
  • No evidence of CNS metastases

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

  • 18 to 75

Performance status:

  • 0-1

Life expectancy:

  • At least 3 months

Hematopoietic:

  • WBC at least 3,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3

Hepatic:

  • Bilirubin normal
  • SGOT/SGPT no greater than 2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 2.5 times ULN

Renal:

  • Creatinine no greater than 1.25 times ULN

Cardiovascular:

  • No clinically significant cardiac disease
  • No congestive heart failure
  • No New York Heart Association class III or IV heart disease
  • No symptomatic coronary artery disease
  • No uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia
  • No myocardial infarction within the past year

Gastrointestinal:

  • No evidence of dysphagia
  • No malabsorption or intestinal obstruction that would affect absorption or excretion of study drugs
  • No chronic diarrhea

Other:

  • No other malignancy within the past 5 years except adequately treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix or localized nonmelanoma skin cancer
  • No psychiatric disability that would preclude study compliance
  • No other significant medical condition
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy:

  • Not specified

Chemotherapy:

  • No prior chemotherapy for advanced or metastatic disease

Endocrine therapy:

  • Not specified

Radiotherapy:

  • Not specified

Surgery:

  • At least 4 weeks since prior major surgery to the gastrointestinal tract

Other:

  • No concurrent therapy for history of seizures or CNS disorder
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00030797

Locations
Switzerland
Inselspital, Bern
Bern, Switzerland, CH-3010
Sponsors and Collaborators
Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research
Investigators
Study Chair: Markus M. Borner, MD University Hospital Inselspital, Berne
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00030797     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SAKK 41/00, EU-20141
Study First Received: February 14, 2002
Last Updated: May 14, 2012
Health Authority: Switzerland: Swissmedic

Keywords provided by Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research:
stage III colon cancer
stage IV colon cancer
stage III rectal cancer
stage IV rectal cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Capecitabine
Irinotecan
Camptothecin
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 22, 2014