Vaccine Therapy in Treating Patients With Metastatic Solid Tumors

This study has been terminated.
(Administratively complete.)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00030693
First received: February 14, 2002
Last updated: January 23, 2013
Last verified: January 2013
  Purpose

Randomized phase I trial to compare the effectiveness of two different vaccines given directly into the tumor in treating patients who have metastatic solid tumors. Vaccines may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. Infusing the vaccine directly into a tumor may cause a stronger immune response and kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known which vaccine may be more effective in treating metastatic solid tumors


Condition Intervention Phase
Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific
Biological: recombinant fowlpox-B7.1 vaccine
Biological: recombinant fowlpox-TRICOM vaccine
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Procedure: quality-of-life assessment
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Intra-Lesional rF-B7.1 Versus rF-Tricom Vaccine In The Treatment Of Metastatic Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentages of the DLTEs [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Will be summarized and compared between arms, doses, and disease groups using Fisher's exact test.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Proportion of patients with any response (CR, PR, or SD) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    First, the proportion with any response (CR, PR or SD) will be compared to those with no response (PD). Secondly, the proportion of any response (CR, PR or SD) compared to no response (PD) will be compared between the two treatment arms.

  • Immune response [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Number of T-cells after treatment compared to those measured at baseline, and difference calculated as after-treatment minus baseline. First comparison includes all subjects who completed treatment. Mean change in T-Cells (final-baseline) tested against 0 with 2-tailed, 1-sample t-test, with alpha=.05. Second analysis compares mean change in T-Cells between arms. Performed as a 2-tailed, 2 independent samples t-test, with alpha=.05. Third comparison is a sub-set analysis of patients with melanoma.

  • Change in quality of life, assessed using the FACT-G survey of emotional and functional well being [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A mean observed change in the FACT-G score will be tested against 0 (no change) for the group as a whole. Secondly, the change in score will be compared between the two treatment arms. The overall mean change will also be compared to historical controls either from the literature for cancer patients or to the values for non-subject cancer patients receiving other therapies. Comparisons will be by t-test if the sample distribution meets parametric assumptions. If not non-parametric procedures will be used.


Enrollment: 42
Study Start Date: December 2001
Primary Completion Date: April 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I (recombinant fowlpox-B7.1 vaccine)
Patients receive rF-B7.1 vaccine intratumorally on day 1.
Biological: recombinant fowlpox-B7.1 vaccine
Given intratumorally
Other Names:
  • rF-B7.1
  • rF-B7.1 vaccine
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Procedure: quality-of-life assessment
Ancillary studies
Other Name: quality of life assessment
Experimental: Arm II (recombinant fowlpox-TRICOM vaccine)
Patients receive fowlpox-TRICOM vaccine intratumorally on day 1.
Biological: recombinant fowlpox-TRICOM vaccine
Given intratumorally
Other Name: rF-TRICOM (B7.1.iCAM1-LFA3-Fowlpox)
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Procedure: quality-of-life assessment
Ancillary studies
Other Name: quality of life assessment

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine and compare the feasibility and clinical toxicity of administering rF-B7.1 and rF-TRICOM vaccines to patients with accessible cutaneous, subcutaneous, or lymph node metastatic tumors.

II. To determine and compare the feasibility and clinical toxicity of administering rF-B7.1 and rF-TRICOM vaccines to patients with accessible visceral metastatic tumors.

III. To determine the optimal dose of rF-B7.1 and rF-TRICOM vaccine delivered by intra-tumoral injection.

IV. To compare the clinical responses and safety profile of patients with cutaneous tumors and visceral tumors who receive rF-B7.1 vaccine to similar patients receiving rF-TRICOM vaccine.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To establish evidence of host anti-tumor immune reactivity following intra-lesional vaccine administration and compare any differences between rF-B7.1 and rF-TRICOM in patients with cutaneous tumors and visceral tumors.

II. To evaluate the quality of life during vaccine administration.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized study with dose-escalation component. Patients are stratified according to tumor location (cutaneous, subcutaneous, or lymph node metastases vs visceral metastases). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive rF-B7.1 vaccine intratumorally on day 1.

ARM II: Patients receive fowlpox-TRICOM vaccine intratumorally on day 1.

Treatment in both arms repeats every 4 weeks for 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with stable or responding disease may receive additional courses.

Three patients from the cutaneous disease (CD) stratum are treated at low-dose in each treatment arm. If no more than 1 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity (DLT), then 6 additional CD patients are randomized to high-dose treatment. If no more than 1 of these 6 patients experience DLT, then 12 patients from the visceral disease (VD) stratum are randomized to low-dose treatment. If no more than 2 of 12 VD patients experience DLT, then the next cohort of 12 VD patients is randomized to high-dose treatment. If 3 of the original 12 VD patients experience DLT, then 6 additional VD patients receive low-dose treatment. If no more than 3 of 18 patients experience DLT, then 12 VD patients receive high-dose treatment.

Quality of life is assessed at baseline, monthly during therapy, and then at the end of therapy.

Patients are followed every 3 months.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed metastatic unresectable solid tumors

    • Cutaneous, subcutaneous, lymph node, or visceral tumors that are accessible to imaging and injections
    • No standard therapy available
  • At least 1 unidimensionally measurable lesion

    • At least 20 mm for visceral lesions
    • At least 10 mm for cutaneous, subcutaneous, and nodal lesions
  • No untreated or edematous metastatic brain lesions

    • At least 6 weeks since prior surgery and/or radiotherapy for brain metastases and no evidence of disease or edema on CT scan or MRI
  • No ascites or pleural effusions
  • No leptomeningeal disease
  • Performance status - ECOG 0-1
  • More than 3 months
  • Absolute granulocyte count at least 3,000/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3
  • No bleeding diathesis
  • Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 mg/dL*
  • SGOT/SGPT no greater than 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN)*
  • Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 2 times ULN*
  • No elevated PT or PTT
  • No cirrhosis
  • No active hepatitis
  • No hepatic insufficiency
  • Creatinine no greater than 2.0 mg/dL
  • No renal insufficiency
  • No chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder
  • No active autoimmune disorders
  • No active immunologically mediated disease (e.g., severe psoriasis, colitis, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, multiple sclerosis, connective tissue disease, or active rheumatoid arthritis)
  • No significant allergy or hypersensitivity to eggs
  • No active seizure disorder
  • No active or chronic infections
  • No other significant medical disease that would preclude study participation
  • No other malignancy within the past 5 years except stage I cervical cancer or basal cell carcinoma
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • More than 8 weeks since prior immunotherapy and recovered
  • More than 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy and recovered
  • At least 4 weeks since prior systemic corticosteroids
  • No concurrent corticosteroids
  • More than 2 weeks since prior radiotherapy and recovered
  • No evidence of bone marrow toxicity from prior radiotherapy
  • More than 4 weeks since prior surgery and recovered
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00030693

Locations
United States, New York
Mount Sinai Medical Center
New York, New York, United States, 10029
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Howard Kaufman Mount Sinai School of Medicine
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00030693     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-02455, CPMC-IRB-14535, CDR0000069189
Study First Received: February 14, 2002
Last Updated: January 23, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Metronidazole
Anti-Infective Agents
Antiparasitic Agents
Antiprotozoal Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 22, 2014