Borage Oil and Ginkgo Biloba (EGb 761) in Asthma
This study will assess clinical efficacy and/or adverse effects of dietary borage oil (which contains gamma-linolenic acid [GLA]) and Ginkgo biloba in patients with mild persistent to moderate asthma.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Borage Oil and Ginkgo Biloba (EGb 761) in Asthma|
|Study Start Date:||September 2000|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||July 2005|
The concept of asthma as a condition in which acute and chronic inflammatory changes in airways play a fundamental role is well established. The role of leukotrienes as a crucial element of these inflammatory processes is supported by abundant laboratory and clinical evidence. There is a potential for herbal medicinal approaches to ameliorate leukotriene-mediated inflammation in asthma based on data from the literature and our laboratory. Studies suggest that dietary GLA, found in borage and evening primrose oils, is unique among the (n-6) polyunsaturated fatty acid family members (linolenic acid, GLA and arachidonic acid) in its potential to attenuate inflammatory processes. For instance, there are randomized, placebo-controlled trials (RCT) demonstrating efficacy of dietary GLA in treating patients with rheumatoid arthritis and active synovitis. Ginkgo biloba, a flavonoid-rich extract of leaves of the Ginkgo biloba tree, has been studied in one RCT with asthma patients and is recommended by complementary and alternative practitioners as treatment for allergic inflammation and asthma. Ginkgo biloba supplements have no known adverse effects.
We will assess clinical efficacies and/or adverse effects of dietary borage oil and Ginkgo biloba in patients with asthma in a 17 month RCT. We also propose to delineate whether or not the clinical course of treatment correlates with suppression of leukotriene B4 (LTB4), LTC4 and LTD4 generated by activated polymorphonuclear cells. Additionally, in the Ginkgo biloba arms of study, the in vitro/ex vivo inhibition of histamine release will be assayed, since one of its major constituents, quercetin, is known to be structurally related to cromolyn sodium and has been shown in vitro studies to exhibit similar activities. Furthermore, anti-inflammatory activities of Ginkgo biloba will be compared to those of some of its individual constituents in a series of in vitro experiments. It is hoped that findings from these studies will evolve relatively non-toxic therapeutic alternatives for attenuating bronchial hyperresponsiveness and inflammation in patients with asthma.
|United States, California|
|University of California, Davis|
|Sacramento, California, United States, 95817|