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Rituximab to Treat Hepatitis C-Associated Cryoglobulinemic Vasculitis

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Michael C Sneller, MD, National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00029107
First received: January 5, 2002
Last updated: April 10, 2012
Last verified: April 2012
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy of Rituximab (anti-CD20) in the treatment of patients with hepatitis C associated cryoglobulinemic vasculitis (HCV-CV) who have failed or are intolerant to interferon-alpha/ribavirin therapy. Up to 75 patients may be screened to enroll 34 adult patients with active HCV-CV in this randomized, non-blinded phase I/II trial. Patients will be randomized to receive either Rituximab 375 mg/M(2) on days 1, 8, 15 and 22 beginning at the time of enrollment or standard therapy. Patients in both groups will be maintained on stable doses of any immunosuppressive therapies that they were receiving at the time of enrollment. Response to Rituximab will be assessed by clinical and laboratory parameters.

Although the cause of cryoglobulinemic vasculitis is not known, a critical component is the presence of cryoglobulins-abnormal proteins that white blood cells called B lymphocytes produce in response to the chronic hepatitis C infection. Rituximab decreases the number of B cells. The Food and Drug Administration approved Rituximab in 1997 for the treatment of B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Patients between 18 and 75 years of age with hepatitis C and signs and symptoms of cryoglobulinemic vasculitis may be eligible for this study. They must have failed, or been unable to tolerate, treatment with IFN-a and ribavirin. Candidates will be screened with a history and physical examination, electrocardiogram (ECG), blood and urine tests, 24-hour urine collection and chest X-ray, if clinically indicated.

Participants will be randomly assigned to receive Rituximab upon entering the study or 6 months after entering the study. Those whose treatment is delayed 6 months will be followed once a month at NIH for disease evaluation and blood tests during that time.

Patients will be given Rituximab intravenously (through a vein) once a week for 4 weeks. For the first dose, patients will be admitted to the hospital for at least 24 hours after the infusion for monitoring. Subsequent infusions will be given on an inpatient or outpatient basis, depending on how the infusion is tolerated. The day before each infusion they will have a history and physical examination, blood work, and other tests, such as X-rays, as clinically indicated.

After the four infusions, patients will be followed for drug side effects and response to treatment. They will have blood tests every week for 4 weeks and will then return to NIH for 1 day every month for 12 months for a physical examination, blood tests, and X-rays, if medically indicated. Visits may be more frequent, if necessary, and patients may be asked to stay longer than a day if test findings requ...


Condition Intervention Phase
Hepatitis C
Vasculitis
Drug: Rituximab
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Rituximab (Anti-CD20) for the Treatment of Hepatitis C Associated Cryoglobulinemic Vasculitis

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percent of Patients in Remission [ Time Frame: month 6 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The primary endpoint was the difference in rate of remission between the 2 arms at 6 months from study entry.


Enrollment: 47
Study Start Date: December 2001
Study Completion Date: May 2011
Primary Completion Date: May 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Immediate treatment
Patients receive treatment with four weekly infusions of rituximab 375mg/m2 immediately following randomization.
Drug: Rituximab
anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody
Delayed treatment
Patients treated with standard therapy (corticosteroids, plasma exchange, etc.). After 6 months, they are eligibile to cross over and receive four weekly infusions of rituximab.
Drug: Rituximab
anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody

Detailed Description:

Although the cause of cryoglobulinemic vasculitis is not known, a critical component is the presence of cryoglobulins-abnormal proteins that white blood cells called B lymphocytes produce in response to the chronic hepatitis C infection. Rituximab decreases the number of B cells. The Food and Drug Administration approved Rituximab in 1997 for the treatment of B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Patients between 18 and 75 years of age with hepatitis C and signs and symptoms of cryoglobulinemic vasculitis may be eligible for this study. They must have failed, or been unable to tolerate, treatment with IFN-a and ribavirin. Candidates will be screened with a history and physical examination, electrocardiogram (ECG), blood and urine tests, 24-hour urine collection and chest X-ray, if clinically indicated.

Participants will be randomly assigned to receive Rituximab or standard therapy for 6 months after entering the study. All patients will be followed once a month at NIH for disease evaluation and blood tests during that time.

Patients will be given Rituximab 375 mg/m2intravenously once a week for 4 weeks. The day before each infusion they will have a history and physical examination, blood work, and other tests, such as X-rays, as clinically indicated.

After the four infusions, patients will be followed for drug side effects and response to treatment. They will have blood tests every week for 4 weeks and will then return to NIH for 1 day every month for 12 months for a physical examination, blood tests, and X-rays, if medically indicated. Visits may be more frequent, if necessary.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Diagnosis of HCV-CV: must have all of the following

HCV infection documented by serology and/or plasma HCV RNA.

One or more organ system with objective evidence of active vasculitis such as:

Palpable purpura;

Glomerulonephritis (defined by the presence of glomerular hematuria and/or new or worsening proteinuria);

Acute peripheral neuropathy.

Detectable cryoglobulins and/or RF.

Failure of treatment with IFN-alpha and ribavirin to control manifestations of HCV-CV OR intolerance to IFN-alpha/ribavirin regimen.

Patients must have a personal physician responsible for the care of their HCV.

Ages of 18 and 75 years

Willingness to use effective contraception during and for 12 months following Rituximab treatment. Effective contraception methods include abstinence, surgical sterilization of either partner, barrier methods such as diaphragm, condom, cap or sponge, or hormonal contraception.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Recent (within 4 weeks) initiation of or increase in immunosuppressive therapy.

Active systemic infection (other than hepatitis C).

Pregnancy or breast feeding.

Prior treatment with Rituximab.

Known allergy to murine proteins.

Significant renal insufficiency (creatinine clearance less than 30 ml/min).

Presence of life-threatening HCV-CV; defined as rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (defined as a doubling of the serum creatinine over a 3 month period), CNS vasculitis, cardiac disease due to active vasculitis, or GI vasculitis (defined by ischemic bowel, perforation, or infarction).

Significant hepatic insufficiency as manifested by Child-Pugh classification of B or C.

History of variceal bleeding, encephalopathy.

History of liver transplantation.

Co-infection with either HBV or HIV.

Any underlying medical condition that in the judgment of the investigator would put the patient at increased risk for serious infusion-related adverse events.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00029107

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Michael C Sneller, MD NIH/NIAID
  More Information

Publications:
Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Michael C Sneller, MD, Medical Officer, National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00029107     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 020096, 02-I-0096
Study First Received: January 5, 2002
Results First Received: October 26, 2011
Last Updated: April 10, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government
United States: Institutional Review Board
United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Hepatitis
Vasculitis
Rituximab
Cryoglobulinemia
Hepatitis C
HcV-cV
Cryoglobulinemic Vasculitis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hepatitis
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis C
Vasculitis
Cardiovascular Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Enterovirus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Liver Diseases
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Vascular Diseases
Virus Diseases
Rituximab
Antineoplastic Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 25, 2014