Phase II Bevacizumab + Tax In Advanced Breast Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00027885
First received: December 7, 2001
Last updated: June 14, 2013
Last verified: June 2013
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, can block cancer growth in different ways. Some block the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Others find cancer cells and help kill them or deliver cancer-killing substances to them. Combining chemotherapy with monoclonal antibody therapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is to see if docetaxel with or without bevacizumab followed by surgery, radiation therapy, and combination chemotherapy works better in treating patients who have stage III or stage IV breast cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer
Biological: bevacizumab
Drug: cyclophosphamide
Drug: docetaxel
Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
Procedure: adjuvant therapy
Procedure: conventional surgery
Procedure: neoadjuvant therapy
Radiation: radiation therapy
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase II Study of Bevacizumab in Combination With Docetaxel in Locally Advanced Breast Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Case Comprehensive Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To evaluate the ability of bevacizumab and docetaxel to reduce microvessel density and induce apoptosis of endothelial and tumor cells. [ Time Frame: weeks 8 and 17 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The primary outcome measure is the difference in change in biologic parameters between the two arms. Tumor biopsies are required to perform pre- and post-treatment tumor microvessel density determination, apoptosis by TUNEL assay, proliferation markers by immunohistochemistry(e.g. PCNA, Ki-67), and expression of nuclear clusterin/XIP8.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of patients with objective response [ Time Frame: 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Response and progression will be evaluated in this study using the new international criteria proposed by the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) Committee


Enrollment: 49
Study Start Date: November 2001
Study Completion Date: August 2010
Primary Completion Date: December 2005 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Docetaxel
Patients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour once weekly on weeks 1-6.
Drug: cyclophosphamide
Approximately 4 weeks after the completion of radiotherapy, patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: docetaxel
Patients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour once weekly on weeks 1-6.
Other Name: Taxotere
Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
Approximately 4 weeks after the completion of radiotherapy, patients receive doxorubicin IV over 5 minutes. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Procedure: adjuvant therapy

After the second course, patients with stable or responsive disease undergo modified radical mastectomy or breast-conserving surgery. Three to six weeks after surgery, patients undergo radiotherapy 5 days a week for 7 weeks.

Approximately 4 weeks after the completion of radiotherapy, patients receive doxorubicin IV over 5 minutes and cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Procedure: conventional surgery
After the second course, patients with stable or responsive disease undergo modified radical mastectomy or breast-conserving surgery.
Procedure: neoadjuvant therapy

Arm I: Patients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour once weekly on weeks 1-6 and bevacizumab IV over 60 minutes once every 2 weeks on weeks 1-8.

Arm II: Patients receive docetaxel as in arm I. Treatment in both arms repeats every 8 weeks for 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Radiation: radiation therapy
Three to six weeks after surgery, patients undergo radiotherapy 5 days a week for 7 weeks.
Experimental: Combine bevacizumab and docetaxel.
Patients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour once weekly on weeks 1-6 and bevacizumab IV over 60 minutes once every 2 weeks on weeks 1-8.
Biological: bevacizumab
Patients receive bevacizumab IV over 60 minutes once every 2 weeks on weeks 1-8.
Drug: cyclophosphamide
Approximately 4 weeks after the completion of radiotherapy, patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
Approximately 4 weeks after the completion of radiotherapy, patients receive doxorubicin IV over 5 minutes. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Procedure: adjuvant therapy

After the second course, patients with stable or responsive disease undergo modified radical mastectomy or breast-conserving surgery. Three to six weeks after surgery, patients undergo radiotherapy 5 days a week for 7 weeks.

Approximately 4 weeks after the completion of radiotherapy, patients receive doxorubicin IV over 5 minutes and cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Procedure: conventional surgery
After the second course, patients with stable or responsive disease undergo modified radical mastectomy or breast-conserving surgery.
Procedure: neoadjuvant therapy

Arm I: Patients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour once weekly on weeks 1-6 and bevacizumab IV over 60 minutes once every 2 weeks on weeks 1-8.

Arm II: Patients receive docetaxel as in arm I. Treatment in both arms repeats every 8 weeks for 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Radiation: radiation therapy
Three to six weeks after surgery, patients undergo radiotherapy 5 days a week for 7 weeks.

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Determine the effect of bevacizumab and docetaxel on reduction of microvessel density and induction of apoptosis of endothelial and tumor cells in patients with locally advanced breast cancer.
  • Determine the safety profile of this regimen in these patients.
  • Compare the effect of docetaxel and bevacizumab, in terms of objective response, stabilization of disease, and progression-free survival, in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified according to disease stage. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour once weekly on weeks 1-6 and bevacizumab IV over 60 minutes once every 2 weeks on weeks 1-8.
  • Arm II: Patients receive docetaxel as in arm I. Treatment in both arms repeats every 8 weeks for 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After the second course, patients with stable or responsive disease undergo modified radical mastectomy or breast-conserving surgery. Three to six weeks after surgery, patients undergo radiotherapy 5 days a week for 7 weeks.

Approximately 4 weeks after the completion of radiotherapy, patients receive doxorubicin IV over 5 minutes and cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients with estrogen and/or progesterone receptor-positive disease also receive oral tamoxifen daily for 5 years beginning after the completion of chemotherapy. Post-menopausal patients may receive oral anastrozole once daily for 5 years instead of tamoxifen.

Patients are followed at 3, 6, and 12 months, every 6 months for 4 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 60 patients (30 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the breast

    • Stage IIIA or IIIB
    • Stage IV if patient has clinical evidence of locally advanced breast cancer only
    • Inoperable disease
  • Prior carcinoma in situ of the breast or bilateral breast cancer is allowed
  • No CNS metastases
  • Hormone receptor status:

    • Estrogen and progesterone receptor status known

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

  • 18 and over

Sex:

  • Female or male

Menopausal status:

  • Not specified

Performance status:

  • ECOG 0-2 OR
  • Karnofsky 60-100%

Life expectancy:

  • More than 6 months

Hematopoietic:

  • WBC at least 3,000/mm^3
  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3

Hepatic:

  • Bilirubin normal (no greater than 2 times upper limit of normal [ULN] in patients with an inherited disorder)
  • AST/ALT no greater than 2.5 times ULN
  • INR and PTT normal

Renal:

  • Creatinine normal OR
  • Creatinine clearance at least 60 mL/min
  • No proteinuria or clinically significant renal impairment

Cardiovascular:

  • LVEF at least 45% by echocardiogram or MUGA scan
  • No New York Heart Association class III or IV heart disease
  • No symptomatic congestive heart failure
  • No unstable angina pectoris
  • No cardiac arrhythmia
  • No inadequately controlled hypertension
  • No history of deep vein thrombosis or other thromboses
  • No clinically significant peripheral artery disease
  • No arterial thromboembolic event within the past 6 months including the following:

    • Transient ischemic attack
    • Cerebrovascular accident
    • Myocardial infarction

Other:

  • No other prior or concurrent malignancy within the past 10 years except inactive nonmelanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • No other uncontrolled concurrent illness
  • No ongoing or active infection
  • No non-healing wounds
  • No psychiatric illness or social situation that would preclude study participation
  • No prior allergic reaction to compounds of similar chemical or biological composition to bevacizumab, docetaxel, polysorbate 80 (Tween) formulations, or other agents used in this study
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective barrier contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy:

  • No concurrent cytokines during docetaxel/bevacizumab administration

    • Concurrent cytokines during doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide administration allowed at the discretion of the treating physician

Chemotherapy:

  • No prior chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy:

  • Prior hormonal therapy (e.g., tamoxifen) allowed

Radiotherapy:

  • Prior radiotherapy to affected breast allowed

Surgery:

  • More than 28 days since prior major surgery

Other:

  • At least 10 days since prior thrombolytic agents
  • At least 10 days since prior full-dose oral or parenteral anticoagulants except to maintain patency of permanent indwelling IV catheters
  • Concurrent warfarin allowed provided INR is less than 1.5
  • Concurrent bisphosphonates allowed for osseous metastases provided they are not initiated on day 1 of cycle 1
  • No concurrent combination antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive patients
  • No concurrent full-dose oral or parenteral anticoagulants except to maintain patency of permanent indwelling IV catheters
  • No concurrent thrombolytic agents
  • No other concurrent anticancer agents or therapies
  • No other concurrent investigational agents
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00027885

Locations
United States, Ohio
Case Medical Center, University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106-5055
UH-Southwest
Middleburgh Heights, Ohio, United States, 44130
UH-Chagrin Highlands
Orange Village, Ohio, United States, 44122
UH-Green Road
South Euclid, Ohio, United States, 44121
UH-Westlake
Westlake, Ohio, United States, 44145
Sponsors and Collaborators
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Investigators
Study Chair: Paula Silverman, MD Case Medical Center, University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00027885     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CWRU3100, U01CA062502, P30CA043703, CWRU-3100, NCI-2722
Study First Received: December 7, 2001
Last Updated: June 14, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government
United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Case Comprehensive Cancer Center:
stage IV breast cancer
stage IIIA breast cancer
stage IIIB breast cancer
stage IIIC breast cancer
male breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Bevacizumab
Docetaxel
Liposomal doxorubicin
Cyclophosphamide
Doxorubicin
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 16, 2014