Vaccine Therapy With or Without Interleukin-2 in Treating Patients With Metastatic Melanoma

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00019487
First received: July 11, 2001
Last updated: June 19, 2013
Last verified: March 2003
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Vaccines made from a person's white blood cells may make the body build an immune response and kill tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of vaccine therapy in treating patients who have metastatic melanoma that has not responded to previous therapy.


Condition Intervention Phase
Melanoma (Skin)
Biological: aldesleukin
Biological: gp209-2M antigen
Biological: incomplete Freund's adjuvant
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Treatment of Patients With Metastatic Melanoma Using Cloned Peripheral Blood Lymphocytes Sensitized In Vitro to the gp209-2M Immunodominant Peptide

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Study Start Date: November 1998
Study Completion Date: May 2003
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Determine whether reinfused activated cells alone or in conjunction with high or subcutaneous dose interleukin-2 may result in clinical tumor regression in patients with metastatic melanoma who had previously failed therapy on protocols involving immunization against the gp100 molecule.
  • Determine the survival of infused cells with antitumor activity in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a salvage regimen.

Patients undergo leukopheresis to obtain peripheral blood mononuclear cells or tumor biopsy to obtain tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL). Cells are incubated in the presence of gp209-2M peptide and then harvested and cloned. Patients receive 30-minute IV infusions of these in vitro sensitized cells. Treatment repeats every 2 weeks for 2 courses. An additional cohort of 8 patients receives gp209-2M peptide in Montanide ISA-51 subcutaneously in 2 different sites followed 2 days later by the adoptive transfer of cloned lymphocytes. At 4 to 6 weeks after the treatment courses, patients with stable or regressing disease may be retreated.

Patients with disease progression after 2 courses may receive 2 additional courses of cell infusion followed by interleukin-2 (IL-2) on one of two schedules. One cohort of patients receives IL-2 by intravenous bolus over 15 minutes every 8 hours beginning on the day after cell infusion and continuing for up to 5 days of each treatment course. Another cohort receives IL-2 by daily subcutaneous injections on days 1-12 of each course of therapy. If after 12-16 patients have been treated with cloned cells alone initially and responses are inadequate, subsequent patients entered into this study are randomized to receive the cell infusion followed by IL-2 on one of the two described schedules.

Patients are followed at 4-6 weeks.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 91 patients will be accrued for this study over 2 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically proven metastatic melanoma that has failed therapy on protocols involving immunization against the gp100 molecule
  • Measurable or evaluable metastatic disease
  • Must be HLA-A201 positive by standard HLA typing

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

  • 18 and over

Performance status:

  • ECOG 0-2

Life expectancy:

  • Greater than 3 months

Hematopoietic:

  • Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1,000/mm^3
  • Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin greater than 8.0 g/dL

Hepatic:

  • Bilirubin no greater than 2.0 mg/dL
  • ALT/AST less than 4 times upper limit of normal

Renal:

  • Creatinine no greater than 1.6 mg/dL

Cardiovascular:

  • For patients randomized to receive interleukin-2:

    • No major medical illnesses of the cardiovascular system

Pulmonary:

  • For patients randomized to receive interleukin-2:

    • No major medical illnesses of the pulmonary system

Other:

  • HIV negative
  • Hepatitis B antigen negative
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • For patients randomized to receive interleukin-2:

    • No active systemic infection
    • No other major medical illnesses of immune system
    • No coagulation disorders

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy:

  • At least 4 weeks since prior biologic therapy

Chemotherapy:

  • At least 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy:

  • No concurrent steroid therapy

Radiotherapy:

  • At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy

Surgery:

  • Not specified

Other:

  • No concurrent active treatment of brain metastases
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00019487

Locations
United States, Maryland
Warren Grant Magnuson Clinical Center - NCI Clinical Studies Support
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Study Chair: Steven A. Rosenberg, MD, PhD NCI - Surgery Branch
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00019487     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00001694
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000066287, NCI-98-C-0095, NCI-T98-0012
Study First Received: July 11, 2001
Last Updated: June 19, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage IV melanoma
recurrent melanoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Melanoma
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Freund's Adjuvant
Aldesleukin
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 23, 2014