Vaccine Therapy With or Without Interleukin-2 in Treating Patients With Metastatic Melanoma
RATIONALE: Vaccines made from DNA may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. Interleukin-2 may stimulate a person's white blood cells to kill melanoma cells. Combining vaccine therapy and interleukin-2 may kill more tumor cells.
PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of vaccine therapy with or without interleukin-2 in treating patients with metastatic melanoma that has not responded to previous treatment.
Stage IV Melanoma
Drug: gp100 antigen
|Study Design:||Primary Purpose: Treatment|
|Official Title:||Phase II Study of DNA Encoding the gp100 Antigen Alone or in Combination With Interleukin-2 in Patients With Recurrent Metastatic Melanoma|
|Study Start Date:||September 1998|
OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the clinical response of patients receiving DNA gp100 antigen alone or in combination with interleukin-2 for recurrent metastatic melanoma.
II. Identify the immunologic response in these patients prior to and after these treatments.
III. Determine the toxicity of these treatments in these patients.
PROTOCOL OUTLINE: Patients are accrued for the first three cohorts and the study proceeds to the final two cohorts if responses are observed.
Cohort I: Patients receive gp100 antigen intramuscularly (IM) into each of 2 proximal extremities once every 4 weeks for up to 4 doses. (Closed as of December, 1999) Cohort II: Patients receive gp100 antigen intradermally (ID) at 5 sites on each of 2 proximal extremities once every 4 weeks for up to 4 doses. (Closed as of December, 1999) Cohort III: Patients receive gp100 antigen IM into each of 2 proximal extremities once every 4 weeks for up to 4 doses. If patients do not exhibit immunologic response or dose-limiting toxicity, they may receive a higher dose of gp100 antigen on subsequent courses.
Cohort IV: If cohorts I, II, or III do not produce an immune response and do not experience dose-limiting toxicity, patients receive a higher dose of gp100 antigen IM into each of 2 proximal extremities every 4 weeks for up to 4 doses.
Cohort V: Patients receive gp100 antigen IM or ID at the dose found to produce immunization once every 4 weeks for up to 4 doses. Patients also receive interleukin-2 IV over 15 minutes every 8 hours for 5 days (15 doses), beginning within 24 hours after gp100 antigen.
Patients with minor, mixed, or partial response or stable disease may receive additional courses of treatment following 3-4 weeks of rest. Patients receive a maximum of 12 courses.
Patients are followed at 4-6 weeks.
A maximum of 65 patients will be accrued for this study within 1 year.
|United States, Maryland|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Study Chair:||Steven A. Rosenberg||National Cancer Institute (NCI)|