Monoclonal Antibody Therapy in Treating Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, Lymphocytic Lymphoma, Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, or Acute Myeloid Leukemia

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00017472
First received: June 6, 2001
Last updated: June 3, 2013
Last verified: June 2013
  Purpose

Monoclonal antibodies can locate cancer cells and either kill them or deliver cancer-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of monoclonal antibody therapy in treating patients who have chronic lymphocytic leukemia, lymphocytic lymphoma, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, or acute myeloid leukemia.


Condition Intervention Phase
Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue
Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma
Noncontiguous Stage II Marginal Zone Lymphoma
Noncontiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
Recurrent Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma
Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma
Stage III Marginal Zone Lymphoma
Stage III Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
Stage IV Marginal Zone Lymphoma
Stage IV Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
Biological: apolizumab
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Other: pharmacological study
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Study of Thrice Weekly Hu1D10*in Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma and Acute Leukemia

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • MTD defined as the dose level below which two or more of six patients experience a DLT assessed using NCI CTC version 2.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Evaluation of the degree of apoptosis induced by ex vivo incubation of human CLL cells with Hu1D10 [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Descriptive data will be computed and compared using analysis of variance and non-parametric rank equivalents for continuous data and chi-square or Fisher's exact test for discrete data. Nevertheless, low statistical power will greatly limit these analyses.

  • Cytokine release [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Descriptive data will be computed and compared using analysis of variance and non-parametric rank equivalents for continuous data and chi-square or Fisher's exact test for discrete data. Nevertheless, low statistical power will greatly limit these analyses.

  • Caspase activation [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Descriptive data will be computed and compared using analysis of variance and non-parametric rank equivalents for continuous data and chi-square or Fisher's exact test for discrete data. Nevertheless, low statistical power will greatly limit these analyses.

  • Signaling and expression of apoptosis protein [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Descriptive data will be computed and compared using analysis of variance and non-parametric rank equivalents for continuous data and chi-square or Fisher's exact test for discrete data. Nevertheless, low statistical power will greatly limit these analyses.


Estimated Enrollment: 35
Study Start Date: April 2001
Primary Completion Date: April 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I
Patients receive apolizumab IV over at least 2 hours on days 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 10, 12, 15, 17, 19, 22, 24, and 26. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with a complete or partial response who relapse after 2 months may receive an additional course of therapy provided they still express the 1D10 antigen.
Biological: apolizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 1D1O Anti-lymphoma Antibody
  • MOAB 1D10
  • MoAb Hu1D10
  • Monoclonal antibody 1D10
  • Monoclonal Antibody Hu1D10
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Other: pharmacological study
Correlative studies
Other Name: pharmacological studies

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) or biological effective dose of monoclonal antibody Hu1D10 (apolizumab) in patients with previously treated chronic lymphocytic leukemia or small lymphocytic lymphoma.

II. Determine the safety of this drug, in terms of frequency and severity of treatment-related adverse events, in this patient population.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine whether this drug has anti-leukemia/lymphoma activity in patients expressing the Hu1D10 antigen.

II. Determine the pharmacokinetics of this drug in this patient population. III. Determine whether the infusion-related toxicity of this drug is secondary to cytokine release in these patients.

IV. Determine whether the intensity of 1D10 target antigen on tumor cells is related to clinical response and treatment toxicity in these patients.

V. Determine the pharmacodynamics of this drug in this patient population.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to diagnosis (chronic lymphocytic leukemia or small lymphocytic lymphoma vs acute lymphoblastic leukemia [ALL] or acute myeloid leukemia [AML]). Patients with ALL or AML are enrolled after the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined.

Patients receive apolizumab IV over at least 2 hours on days 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 10, 12, 15, 17, 19, 22, 24, and 26. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with a complete or partial response who relapse after 2 months may receive an additional course of therapy provided they still express the 1D10 antigen.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of MOAB Hu1D10 until the MTD is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity (DLT). If no DLT is observed, the biological effective dose (BED) is determined in the above cohorts. The BED is defined as the dose at which at least 4 of 6 patients experience an acceptable minimum trough level and clinical response. An additional 24 patients (12 per stratum) are treated at the MTD.

Patients are followed at 1 week, 1 and 2 months, and then every 3 months for 1 year.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 35 patients (12 per stratum) will be accrued for this study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • One of the following diagnoses:

    • Histologically confirmed chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or non-contiguous stage II or stage III-IV small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL)

      • Previously treated with at least 1 form of chemotherapy or immunotherapy
    • Histologically confirmed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (enrolled after the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined)

      • Must have failed 1 prior therapy
      • Ineligible for allogeneic stem cell transplantation
    • Histologically confirmed acute myeloid leukemia (enrolled after the MTD is determined)

      • Primary refractory or relapsed (within the past year) disease
      • Ineligible for potential curative therapy
  • Express Hu1D10 antigen

    • Greater than 2 times the mean fluorescence intensity of the control by flow cytometry (blood or bone marrow cells) OR
    • Positive by immunohistochemical staining (lymph node)
  • Presenting with one of the following indications for treatment unless early bone marrow transplantation is planned (CLL or SLL patients only):

    • Disease-related progressive symptoms
    • Progressively worsening anemia or thrombocytopenia
    • Progressively worsening lymphadenopathy
    • Massive splenomegaly or hypersplenism
    • Hyperlymphocytosis (WBC greater than 200,000/mm3) or lymphocyte doubling time less than 12 months
    • Marrow failure secondary to marrow infiltration by leukemia or lymphoma
  • Performance status - ECOG 0-2
  • At least 2 years
  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Platelet count at least 50,000/mm^3 (without transfusion)
  • Bilirubin no greater than 3 mg/dL (unless elevated secondary to tumor)
  • Creatinine no greater than 2.0 mg/dL
  • No prior decompensated congestive heart failure, unstable angina, or myocardial infarction within the past 6 months not corrected by percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty or surgery
  • No active infection requiring oral or IV antibiotics
  • No other malignancy that would limit life expectancy
  • HIV negative
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 3 months after study
  • See Disease Characteristics
  • At least 1 month since prior rituximab or alemtuzumab (unless CD20 or CD52 antigen is expressed on tumor cells)
  • No prior monoclonal antibody Hu1D10
  • See Disease Characteristics
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00017472

Locations
United States, Ohio
Ohio State University Medical Center
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: John Byrd Ohio State University
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00017472     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-01405, OSU 0101, OSU-0101, NCI-1254, OSU-00H0230, CDR0000068695, U01CA076576
Study First Received: June 6, 2001
Last Updated: June 3, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, B-Cell
Lymphoma
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Lymphoma, B-Cell
Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Antibodies
Immunoglobulins
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 28, 2014