Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Progressive or Recurrent Brain Tumors

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00012038
First received: March 3, 2001
Last updated: June 20, 2013
Last verified: September 2003
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die.

PURPOSE: Phase I/II trial to study the effectiveness of irofulven in treating patients who have progressive or recurrent astrocytoma, oligodendroglioma, or glioblastoma multiforme.


Condition Intervention Phase
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors
Drug: irofulven
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I/II Trial Of MGI114 For Treatment Of Patients With Recurrent Malignant Gliomas

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Study Start Date: July 2001
Study Completion Date: October 2003
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of irofulven alone or combined with anticonvulsants known to be metabolized by cytochrome P450 in patients with progressive or recurrent high-grade anaplastic astrocytoma, anaplastic oligodendroglioma, or glioblastoma multiforme.
  • Assess the pharmacokinetics of this drug on this schedule and determine the effects of P450-inducing anticonvulsants on the pharmacokinetics in these patients.
  • Determine the response rate of patients treated with this drug administered at the MTD.
  • Determine the duration of progression-free survival and overall survival of patients treated with this drug.
  • Determine the toxic effects of this drug in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to concurrent use of anticonvulsant drugs that induce cytochrome P450 (yes vs no drugs or modest-induction drugs).

Patients receive irofulven IV over 30 minutes on days 1-4 or 1-5 (depending on dose-escalation level). Courses repeat every 4 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients (per stratum) receive escalating doses of irofulven until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which at least 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. Once the MTD is determined, additional patients are accrued to receive treatment with irofulven at the recommended phase II dose.

Patients are followed at 1 week and then every 2 months thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 18 patients (9 per stratum) will be accrued for the phase I portion of the study. Approximately 17-35 patients will be accrued for the phase II portion of the study within 6-12 months.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically proven malignant high-grade glioma that is progressive or recurrent after radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy

    • Anaplastic astrocytoma
    • Anaplastic oligodendroglioma
    • Glioblastoma multiforme
  • Prior low-grade glioma that has progressed to high-grade glioma after radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy allowed
  • Measurable disease by MRI or CT scan

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

  • 18 and over

Performance status:

  • Karnofsky 60-100%

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic:

  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3

Hepatic:

  • Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 mg/dL
  • Transaminases no greater than 2.5 times upper limit of normal

Renal:

  • Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL

Other:

  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No serious concurrent infection or medical illness that would preclude study therapy
  • No other prior malignancy within the past 5 years except curatively treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix or breast
  • Mini mental score at least 15

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy:

  • Not specified

Chemotherapy:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No more than 2 prior chemotherapy regimens
  • At least 3 weeks since prior chemotherapy (6 weeks for nitrosoureas) and recovered

Endocrine therapy:

  • Maintained on a stable corticosteroid regimen for at least 5 days before and during study

Radiotherapy:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • At least 3 months since prior radiotherapy and recovered

Surgery:

  • Recovered from prior surgery

Other:

  • No other concurrent investigational agents
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00012038

Locations
United States, Alabama
University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294-3300
United States, Florida
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612-9497
United States, Georgia
Emory University Hospital - Atlanta
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
United States, Maryland
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21231-2410
United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
United States, Michigan
Henry Ford Hospital
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48202
United States, North Carolina
Comprehensive Cancer Center at Wake Forest University
Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27157-1029
United States, Ohio
Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195
United States, Pennsylvania
Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104-4283
United States, Texas
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas, United States, 78284-7811
Sponsors and Collaborators
New Approaches to Brain Tumor Therapy Consortium
Investigators
Study Chair: Steven S. Rosenfeld, MD, PhD University of Alabama at Birmingham
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00012038     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000068474, NABTT-2005, JHOC-NABTT-2005
Study First Received: March 3, 2001
Last Updated: June 20, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
recurrent adult brain tumor
adult glioblastoma
adult anaplastic astrocytoma
adult anaplastic oligodendroglioma
adult giant cell glioblastoma
adult gliosarcoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Brain Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Irofulven
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 19, 2014