Study of Total Body Irradiation in Combination With Allogeneic Peripheral Blood Stem Cell or Bone Marrow Transplantation Followed By Cyclosporine and Mycophenolate Mofetil in High Risk-Patients With Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified May 2009 by Office of Rare Diseases (ORD)
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Office of Rare Diseases (ORD)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00010348
First received: February 2, 2001
Last updated: May 13, 2009
Last verified: May 2009
  Purpose

OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine the safety of total body irradiation and post-transplant cyclosporine and mycophenolate mofetil in high-risk patients with human immunodeficiency virus-1.

II. Determine whether this regimen results in stable mixed donor lymphocyte chimerism (5-95% donor CD3) in this patient population.

III. Determine the kinetics of immune reconstruction following this treatment regimen in this patient population.

IV. Determine the effect of this treatment regimen on viral load in this patient population.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Drug: Cyclosporine
Drug: Mycophenolate mofetil
Procedure: Total body irradiation and stem cell or bone marrow transplantation
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation for Induction of Mixed Hematopoietic Chimerism in Patients Infected With Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 Using a Non-Marrow Ablative Conditioning Regimen Containing Total Body Irradiation in Combination With Post-Transplant Immunosuppression With Cyclosporine and Mycophenolate Mofetil

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Office of Rare Diseases (ORD):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Mortality due to infection, donor chimerism [ Time Frame: Days 14, 28, 56, 80, 180, and 360 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • CD4, viral load [ Time Frame: Days 14, 28, 56, 80, 180, and 360 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Estimated Enrollment: 20
Study Start Date: November 2000
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Participants will receive a stem cell transplantation along with a non-marrow ablative conditioning regimen containing total bdoy irradiation combined with post-transplant immunosuppression with cyclosporine and mycophenolate mofetil
Drug: Cyclosporine
Oral or IV cyclosporine 2 to 3 times daily on Days -1 to 50
Drug: Mycophenolate mofetil
Beginning within 6 hours of transplantation, oral mycophenolate mofetil every 12 hours until Day 27.
Procedure: Total body irradiation and stem cell or bone marrow transplantation
Assuming donor is available, total body irradiation followed by allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell or bone marrow transplantation on Day 0.

Detailed Description:

PROTOCOL OUTLINE:

Patients receive oral or IV cyclosporine 2-3 times daily on Days -1 to 50. Patients undergo total body irradiation followed by allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell or bone marrow transplantation on Day 0 (assuming donor is available). Beginning within 6 hours of transplantation, patients receive oral mycophenolate mofetil every 12 hours until Day 27.

Patients with an unstable level of chimerism may receive 1-2 donor lymphocyte infusions.

Patients are followed at Days 14, 28, 56, 80, 180, and 360.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 64 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

PROTOCOL ENTRY CRITERIA:

--Disease Characteristics--

  • Diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus-1 not responsive to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART); treated with HAART for at least the past 6 months; viral load less than 50 copies/mL plasma; CD4 count less than 100/mm3
  • Lymphoma or other HIV-associated malignancy allowed with the following criteria: malignancy is in complete remission or very good partial remission, defined as a significant reduction of disease with therapy and no evidence of continued tumor growth; viral load has decreased by at least 1.5 logs OR to less than 5,000 copies/mL plasma while on HAART; CD4 count is allowed to be greater than 100/mm3
  • HLA genotypically identical donor available (under 75 years of age)

--Prior/Concurrent Therapy--

  • No concurrent growth factors during mycophenolate mofetil administration; concurrent continuation of anti-retroviral therapy required

--Patient Characteristics--

  • Life expectancy: At least 30 days
  • Other: No positive serology for Toxoplasma gondii; no other disease or organ dysfunction that would preclude survival; not pregnant or nursing; fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 1 year after study
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00010348

Locations
United States, Washington
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center Recruiting
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109
Contact: Ann Woolfrey    206-667-4453      
Sponsors and Collaborators
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Investigators
Study Chair: Ann Woolfrey Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Ann Woolfrey / Associate in Clinical Research, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00010348     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 199/15576, FHCRC-1410.00
Study First Received: February 2, 2001
Last Updated: May 13, 2009
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Office of Rare Diseases (ORD):
human immunodeficiency virus infection
immunologic disorders and infectious disorders
rare disease
viral infection

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Cyclosporins
Cyclosporine
Mycophenolate mofetil
Mycophenolic Acid
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antifungal Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Dermatologic Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 28, 2014