Interferon Alfa Following Surgery in Treating Patients With Stage III Melanoma

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00006249
First received: September 11, 2000
Last updated: December 3, 2013
Last verified: December 2013
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Interferon alfa may interfere with the growth of the cancer cells. It is not yet known if this treatment is more effective than observation following surgery for stage III melanoma.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to determine the effectiveness of interferon alfa in treating patients who have undergone surgery for stage III melanoma.


Condition Intervention Phase
Melanoma (Skin)
Biological: pegylated interferon alfa
Procedure: adjuvant therapy
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: PEG-Intron Observation After Regional Lymph Node Dissection in AJCC Stage III (TxN1-2MO) Melanoma Patients: a Randomized Phase III Trial

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • distant-metastasis free-survival (DMFS) [ Time Frame: from randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    distant-metastasis free-survival (DMFS) after randomization


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • survival [ Time Frame: from randomization till death ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    duration of survival: time from randomization until death, whatever the cause

  • toxicity [ Time Frame: from randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    toxicity


Other Outcome Measures:
  • quality of life [ Time Frame: from randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Quality of life evaluation


Enrollment: 1258
Study Start Date: June 2000
Primary Completion Date: August 2003 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
No Intervention: observation
5 years observation + 5 years follow up
Experimental: pegylated interferon alfa
5 years pegylated interferon alfa + 5 years follow up
Biological: pegylated interferon alfa Procedure: adjuvant therapy

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Compare the effect of adjuvant therapy with pegylated interferon alfa vs observation, in terms of distant metastases-free survival, in patients with previously resected stage III melanoma.
  • Compare the overall survival in these patients after treatment with pegylated interferon alfa vs observation.
  • Determine the toxicity of pegylated interferon alfa in these patients.
  • Determine the compliance of these patients treated with pegylated interferon alfa.
  • Compare the quality of life in these patients after treatment with pegylated interferon alfa vs observation.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to type of nodal involvement (N1 vs N2), number of positive nodes (1 vs 2-4 vs 5 or more vs not assessed), Breslow primary (T1-2 vs T3 vs T4 vs unknown), ulceration of primary tumor (absent vs present vs unknown), sex, and center. Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive pegylated interferon alfa subcutaneously weekly for 5 years.
  • Arm II: Patients undergo observation only. Treatment continues in the absence of distant metastases or unacceptable toxicity.

Quality of life is assessed at baseline, and then at months 3, 12, 24, 36, 48, and 60.

Patients are followed every 6 months for 5 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 1,200 patients (600 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 1.5-2 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed previously resected stage III primary cutaneous melanoma or unknown primary with regional lymph node involvement

    • N1 disease

      • Microscopic, nonpalpable nodal involvement
      • Primary melanoma of any stage with clinically inapparent N1 regional lymph node metastases (T1-4, N1, M0) detected by elective lymph node dissection or sentinel node biopsy
    • N2 disease

      • Palpable nodal involvement with synchronous primary melanoma or apparent nodal disease after prior excision (any pT, N2, M0)
    • Regional lymph node recurrence at any interval after surgery for primary melanoma of any depth (T1-4, rN2, M0)
  • Complete resection of primary melanoma with adequate surgical margins
  • Full lymphadenectomy must be performed within 70 days of study
  • No mucous membrane melanoma or ocular melanoma
  • No evidence of distant or nonregional lymph node metastases or in transit metastases (even if previously resected)
  • No incompletely resected disease due to gross extracapsular extension

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

  • 18 to 70

Performance status:

  • ECOG 0-1

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic:

  • WBC at least 3,000/mm^3
  • Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin at least 9 g/dL

Hepatic:

  • SGOT and SGPT less than 2 times upper limit of normal
  • No active hepatitis

Renal:

  • Creatinine less than 2.0 mg/dL

Cardiovascular:

  • No severe cardiovascular disease including the following:

    • Arrhythmias requiring chronic treatment
    • Congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association class III or IV)
    • Symptomatic ischemic heart disease

Other:

  • No other prior malignancy within the past 5 years except surgically cured nonmelanomatous skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • No thyroid dysfunction unresponsive to therapy
  • No uncontrolled diabetes mellitus
  • No active autoimmune disease
  • No active and/or uncontrolled infection
  • No history of neuropsychiatric disorder requiring hospitalization
  • No known active alcohol or drug abuse
  • HIV negative
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy:

  • No prior interferon alfa
  • No prior immunotherapy for melanoma
  • No other concurrent immunologic or biologic therapy
  • No concurrent colony stimulating factors including epoetin alfa and filgrastim (G-CSF)

Chemotherapy:

  • No prior chemotherapy for melanoma
  • No concurrent chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy:

  • No prior hormonal therapy for melanoma
  • No concurrent hormonal therapy
  • No concurrent chronic systemic corticosteroid therapy

Radiotherapy:

  • No prior radiotherapy for melanoma
  • No concurrent radiotherapy

Surgery:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Recovered from any prior recent surgery

Other:

  • At least 30 days since other prior experimental therapy
  • No other concurrent investigational drugs
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00006249

  Show 104 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
Investigators
Study Chair: Alexander M. M. Eggermont, MD, PhD Daniel Den Hoed Cancer Center at Erasmus Medical Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Eggermont AM, Suciu S, Santinami M, et al.: EORTC 18991: long-term adjuvant pegylated interferon-alpha2b (PEG-IFN) compared to observation in resected stage III melanoma, final results of a randomized phase III trial. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 25 (Suppl 18): A-8504, 473s, 2007.

Responsible Party: European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00006249     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: EORTC-18991, EORTC-18991
Study First Received: September 11, 2000
Last Updated: December 3, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC:
stage III melanoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Melanoma
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Interferon-alpha
Interferons
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 19, 2014