A Study of Chlorhexidine in the Prevention of HIV-1 Transmission From Mothers to Their Babies
The purpose of this study is to find the best strength of chlorhexidine (a solution that kills germs), for washing the mother's vagina during labor and the newborn baby, that may reduce the chance of HIV being passed from an HIV-positive mother to the baby.
When used as a wash on the vagina during labor, and on a newborn shortly after birth, a higher dose of chlorhexidine is more likely to reduce the rate of HIV-1 transmission from mother to baby. Laboratory tests suggest that a higher dose of chlorhexidine will be more effective in killing HIV.
|Study Design:||Primary Purpose: Prevention|
|Official Title:||Phase IIA Study of Tolerance and Safety of Differing Concentrations of Chlorhexidine, for Peripartum Vaginal and Infant Washes, to Prevent Mother to Infant HIV-1 Transmission|
|Study Completion Date:||August 2007|
The principal hypothesis of this protocol is that, in the context of routine oral/nasal suctioning of infants, a higher concentration of chlorhexidine for peripartum vaginal and postpartum newborn cleansing results in reduction in maternal child transmission (MCT) of HIV. The in vitro data suggest that a higher concentration of chlorhexidine in the primary wash solution is much more likely to have a virucidal effect perinatally and thus reduce MCT.
Perinatal intervention consists of the following: 1) cervicovaginal wash of the entire birth canal with a chlorhexidine solution at the time of each vaginal examination of a mother in labor; 2) immediate suctioning of the nasal and oral passages of the infant at the time the head emerges (fluids to be tested for viral load at future date); and 3) thorough washing of the baby with a chlorhexidine solution immediately after delivery. Blood samples are collected from some infants for measurement of chlorhexidine levels approximately 2 hours post-washing. During the 24 to 48 hours following delivery, infants are examined and mothers are queried using standardized questionnaires for subjective complaints related to the chlorhexidine washes. Speculum-aided vaginal exams are done for any persistent (greater than 24 hours) or severe complaints.
|United States, North Carolina|
|Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, United States, 27709|
|Study Chair:||Craig Wilson|
|Study Chair:||Sten Vermund|