Physical Activity Effects on Health Care Utilization
To determine the magnitude of the relationship between physical activity level and subsequent health care utilization over a seven to ten week period in a general population.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Natural History|
|Study Start Date:||September 1992|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||September 1993|
In recent years, the benefits of a physically active lifestyle have been well established with respect to chronic health problems such as coronary heart disease, hypertension, obesity and osteoporosis. However, the extent to which physical activity influences health care utilization is less clear. If physical activity levels are inversely associated with utilization patterns, then policies encouraging exercise may produce short-term reduction in health care costs.
A multivariate regression analysis was conducted for a representative sample of more than 600 adults who participated in a longitudinal field trial of health risk appraisal instruments. Using the Harvard Alumni Activity Survey as the physical activity measure, the analysis controlled for a variety of predisposing, enabling, and need characteristics that also influenced utilization behavior.