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Ambulatory Blood Pressure and Prognosis

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00005363
First received: May 25, 2000
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: April 2000
  Purpose

To continue a prospective study of the ability of ambulatory blood pressure to predict cardiovascular morbidity in patients with mild hypertension.


Condition
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases
Hypertension

Study Type: Observational

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):

Study Start Date: August 1992
Estimated Study Completion Date: July 1994
Detailed Description:

BACKGROUND:

This was a continuation of a prospective study of the ability of ambulatory blood pressure to predict cardiovascular morbidity in patients with mild hypertension, which was first started in 1978.

DESIGN NARRATIVE:

Predictor variables evaluated at entry to the longitudinal study included clinic and ambulatory blood pressures (including measures of pressure level and variability in different settings), left ventricular mass index (LVMI, determined by echocardiography), renin-sodium profile, and other cardiovascular risk factors (e.g., cholesterol and smoking). During follow-up, blood pressure, treatment status, BMI, and clinical course were evaluated. Outcome measures were definite cardiovascular morbid events, defined as sudden cardiac death, myocardial infarction, stroke, congestive heart failure, and coronary artery revascularization. The main hypotheses tested were that ambulatory blood pressure would give a better prediction of outcome than clinic pressure, and that patients with white coat hypertension (defined as a high clinic pressure and normal ambulatory pressure) would be at low risk relative to patients with sustained hypertension. Initial results in 729 patients initially studied between 1978 and 1985 using Cox survival analysis showed that the four most significant predictors of morbid events were daytime blood pressure variability, age, male sex, and serum cholesterol. Patients with white coat hypertension appeared to be at a level of risk intermediate between normotensives and sustained hypertensives, but the differences were not yet significant. Expansion of the cohort size to include patients evaluated initially between 1985 and 1990 provided nearly 2,000 patients altogether, which together with the longer follow-up of the initial cohort provided a sufficient number of morbid events to identify the predictive significance of the different blood pressure measures, and their interaction with other risk factors.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

No eligibility criteria

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00005363     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 4250
Study First Received: May 25, 2000
Last Updated: June 23, 2005
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases
Hypertension
Vascular Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 27, 2014