Developmental Sequelae of Severe Chronic Lung Disorders
To determine the impact of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) on childhood development, family functioning, and parental stress.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Natural History|
|Study Start Date:||July 1989|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||June 1995|
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia in infancy has been shown to be related to less optimal physical and psychological functioning later in life. Although infants with the disorder increased from 1978 to 1988, little was known about potential developmental problems early in life which might lead to the documented negative sequelae shown in previous research.
In this longitudinal study, infants were followed from birth and given standardized assessments of developmental and physical functioning. Demographic, birth, and medical data were collected at baseline through chart review. Standardized questionnaires measuring parental stress and family support were administered to the parents. Infants were followed at eight months, and one, two, and three years at which time parental measures were repeated and standardized assessments made of the children's physical growth, medical status, cognitive, language and behavioral development. Feeding behaviors were assessed through standardized observation and interview at each visit. Data were evaluated descriptively as well as through a series of multivariate analyses of variance with repeated measures.