Combination Chemotherapy Followed by Melphalan and Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Children With Newly Diagnosed Acute Myeloid Leukemia

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified April 2001 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was  Active, not recruiting
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: December 10, 1999
Last updated: February 6, 2009
Last verified: April 2001

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Peripheral stem cell transplantation may allow doctors to give higher doses of chemotherapy drugs and kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy followed by melphalan and peripheral stem cell transplantation in treating children who have newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia that has not been treated previously.

Condition Intervention Phase
Biological: filgrastim
Drug: asparaginase
Drug: cytarabine
Drug: daunorubicin hydrochloride
Drug: melphalan
Drug: thioguanine
Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Treatment of Newly Diagnosed Childhood AML Using a Timed-Sequential Remission Induction and Consolidation Followed by Single Dose Melphalan With Peripheral Stem Cell Rescue: A POG Pilot Study

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Estimated Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: October 1999
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the feasibility and toxicity of timed sequential remission induction and consolidation in children with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia. II. Determine the feasibility and toxicity of a single high dose of melphalan with peripheral blood stem cell rescue following an intense timed sequential induction and consolidation in these children.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Remission induction: Patients receive daunorubicin IV over 15 minutes on days 1-3, cytarabine IV continuously on days 1-7, oral thioguanine daily on days 1-7, and cytarabine intrathecally (IT) on day 1. Cytarabine IV over 3 hours is administered every 12 hours on days 10-12. Filgrastim (G-CSF) is administered IV or subcutaneously (SQ) beginning on day 13 and continuing until blood counts recover. On approximately day 28, patients undergo a bone marrow aspirate and biopsy to assess response. Patients who have attained an M1 or M2a status proceed to consolidation or, if a 5/5 or 6/6 HLA matched sibling donor is available, proceed to allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Patients with greater than 25% blasts go off study. Consolidation 1: Patients receive daunorubicin IV over 15 minutes on days 1 and 2, cytarabine IV over 3 hours every 12 hours on days 1, 2, 8, and 9, and asparaginase on days 2 and 9. G-CSF IV or SQ begins on day 10 and continues until blood counts recover. Consolidation 2: Patients receive cytarabine IV over 3 hours every 12 hours on days 1, 3, and 5. G-CSF IV or SQ begins on day 6 and continues until blood counts recover. Peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) are collected after the second course of consolidation. Consolidation 3: Treatment is repeated as in consolidation 1. Patients who remain in morphologic remission after consolidation 3 proceed with therapy. Patients receive melphalan IV over 30 minutes on day -2, then PBSC are reinfused on day 0. G-CSF IV or SQ begins on day 1 and continues until blood counts recover. Patients are followed every 6 months for 4 years and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 20-30 patients will be accrued for this study within 8 months.


Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 21 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven, previously untreated primary acute myeloid leukemia (AML) Isolated granulocytic sarcoma (myeloblastoma) allowed Patients with cytopenias and bone marrow blasts greater than 5% but less than 30% eligible only if there is karyotypic abnormality characteristic of de novo AML (t(8;21), inv16, t(9;11), etc.) OR unequivocal presence of megakaryoblasts No acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3) No Down syndrome

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 21 and under Performance status: Not specified Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 3 times upper limit of normal Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL Uric acid no greater than 8.0 mg/dL Cardiovascular: Cardiac function normal by echocardiogram Pulmonary: No uncontrolled, life threatening pneumonia Other: No uncontrolled, life threatening sepsis or meningitis Not pregnant Fertile patients must use effective contraception


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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00004056

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Pediatric Oncology Group
Study Chair: Craig A. Hurwitz, MD Maine Children's Cancer Program at Barbara Bush Children's Hospital
  More Information

Additional Information:
Hurwitz CA, Chang M, Graham M, et al.: Timed-sequential remission induction and intensification followed by stem cell rescue for childhood AML -a POG pilot study. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 21: A-1553, 2002. Identifier: NCT00004056     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000067253, POG-9822
Study First Received: December 10, 1999
Last Updated: February 6, 2009
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
untreated childhood acute myeloid leukemia and other myeloid malignancies
childhood acute monoblastic leukemia and acute monocytic leukemia (M5)
childhood acute myeloblastic leukemia without maturation (M1)
childhood acute myeloblastic leukemia with maturation (M2)
childhood acute myelomonocytic leukemia (M4)
childhood acute erythroleukemia (M6)
childhood acute megakaryocytic leukemia (M7)
childhood acute minimally differentiated myeloid leukemia (M0)

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Leukemia, Myeloid
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Myeloablative Agonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Adjuvants, Immunologic processed this record on July 23, 2014