Radiation Therapy and Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Stage II or Stage III Bladder Cancer

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified July 2009 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was  Active, not recruiting
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: August 1, 2009
Last verified: July 2009

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses x-rays to damage tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining radiation therapy with chemotherapy and surgery may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I/II trial to study the effectiveness of radiation therapy plus combination chemotherapy in treating patients who have stage II or stage III bladder cancer that can be removed by surgery.

Condition Intervention Phase
Bladder Cancer
Drug: cisplatin
Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
Drug: paclitaxel
Procedure: conventional surgery
Radiation: radiation therapy
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I/II Trial in Patients With Muscle-Invading Bladder Cancer of Transurethral Surgery Plus Taxol, Cisplatin and Bid Irradiation Followed by Either Selective Bladder Preservation or Radical Cystectomy and Adjuvant Chemotherapy

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Estimated Enrollment: 84
Study Start Date: September 1999
Detailed Description:


  • Evaluate the safety and tolerability of induction chemoradiotherapy with paclitaxel and cisplatin followed by selective bladder preservation or radical cystectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with stage II or III muscle invasive carcinoma of the bladder previously treated with transurethral tumor resection.
  • Evaluate the efficacy of transurethral tumor resection and induction chemoradiotherapy in achieving a complete response in this patient population.
  • Assess the value of tumor parameters as prognostic factors for initial tumor response and recurrence-free survival in this patient population.

OUTLINE: Four to six weeks after prior transurethral resection, patients receive induction therapy comprising paclitaxel IV over 1 hour on days 1, 8, and 15, cisplatin IV over 1 hour on days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15, and 16, and radiotherapy twice daily on days 1-5, 8-12, and 17.

Four weeks after induction therapy, patients undergo urologic evaluation. At 1-2 weeks after evaluation, patients with complete response receive consolidation therapy comprising paclitaxel IV over 1 hour on days 1 and 8, cisplatin IV over 1 hour on days 1, 2, 8, and 9, and radiotherapy twice daily on days 1-5 and 8-10. Patients with poor tumor response undergo a cystectomy.

At 12 weeks postconsolidation therapy or 8 weeks post radical cystectomy, patients receive adjuvant chemotherapy comprising gemcitabine IV over 30-60 minutes followed by cisplatin IV over 1 hour every 3 weeks. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients are followed every 4 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 3 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 84 patients will be accrued for this study within 3 years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed stage II or III (T2-4a, Nx or N0, M0) primary carcinoma of the bladder with muscle invasion

    • Resectable disease
    • Prostatic urethral involvement with transitional cell carcinoma allowed, if completely resected and no evidence of stromal invasion
    • No tumor-related hydronephrosis
  • Positive lymph node must be evaluated by lymphadenectomy or percutaneous needle biopsy

    • No nodal metastases
  • No distant metastases
  • No more than 6 weeks since prior transurethral resection of the bladder tumor

    • Functioning bladder



  • Adult

Performance status:

  • Zubrod 0-1

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified


  • Hemoglobin at least 10 g/dL
  • WBC at least 4,000/mm^3
  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,800/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3


  • Bilirubin no greater than 2.0 mg/dL


  • Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL
  • Creatinine clearance at least 60 mL/min


  • No other prior or concurrent malignancy within the past 5 years except curatively treated nonmelanoma skin cancer, stage I prostate cancer, or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • Not pregnant
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • Medically operable


Biologic therapy:

  • Not specified


  • No prior systemic chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy:

  • Not specified


  • No prior pelvic radiotherapy


  • See Disease Characteristics


  • No concurrent potential nephrotoxic or ototoxic drugs (e.g., aminoglycosides)
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00003930

  Show 229 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Radiation Therapy Oncology Group
Study Chair: Donald S. Kaufman, MD Massachusetts General Hospital
  More Information

Additional Information:
Kaufman DS, Winter KA, Shipley WU, et al.: Muscle-invading bladder cancer, RTOG Protocol 99-06: initial report of a phase I/II trial of selective bladder-conservation employing TURBT, accelerated irradiation sensitized with cisplatin and paclitaxel followed by adjuvant cisplatin and gemcitabine chemotherapy. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 23 (Suppl 16): A-4506, 379s, 2005.
Shipley WU, Bae K, Efstathiou JA, et al.: Late pelvic toxicity following bladder-sparing therapy in patients with invasive bladder cancer: analysis of RTOG 89-03, 95-06, 97-06, 99-06. [Abstract] Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 69 (3 Suppl): A-14, S8, 2007.

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00003930     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000067122, RTOG-9906, RTOG-DEV-14321
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: August 1, 2009
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage II bladder cancer
stage III bladder cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Urinary Bladder Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 15, 2014