New Cysteamine Eye Drops Formulation to Treat Corneal Crystals in Cystinosis

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00001736
First received: November 3, 1999
Last updated: March 3, 2008
Last verified: April 2000
  Purpose

This study will evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a new formulation of eye drops used to treat cystine crystals that form in the corneas of patients with cystinosis. Cystinosis is an inherited disease caused by a defective enzyme, in which excessive amounts of the amino acid cystine accumulate in the body. Among others, symptoms include poor growth and development of kidney failure. In addition, after 10 to 20 years, the cornea-the outside covering of the eye over the iris and pupils-becomes so packed with cystine crystals that small, painful breaks may develop.

This corneal condition is treated with cysteamine eye drops. This study is designed to provide additional information about this medication that the Food and Drug Administration requires before approving it for marketing. The study will examine, in two separate but simultaneous investigations, the safety and effectiveness of a new cysteamine formulation. In both studies, before treatment begins, patients will have a complete eye examination, and photographs of the eye will be taken using a bright flash.

Safety Study

Children and adults currently enrolled in a cystinosis study at the National Institutes of Health may participate in this trial. They will receive the current cysteamine formulation in one eye and the new preparation in the other eye. The drops will be given every hour during waking hours. Patients will be observed daily for the first week of treatment and will be called at 2 weeks and 4 weeks to check on side effects, if any. At 6 months, they will undergo a repeat eye examination. Patients (or their parents) will keep a daily diary recording the condition of each eye.

Effectiveness Study

Children and adults from Ann Arbor, Michigan, LaJolla, California, and the NEI clinic may be enrolled in this study. Participants will receive medication as described above for the safety trial. They will be observed daily for the first week and will have repeat eye examinations, including photographs, at months 3, 6, 9 and 12 to see if the crystals have decreased. Patients will keep a daily diary of the condition of both eyes.


Condition Intervention Phase
Cystinosis
Drug: Cysteamine
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Safety and Efficacy Trial of a Proposed NDA Formulation of Topical Cysteamine in the Treatment of Corneal Cystine Crystal Accumulation in Cystinosis

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 51
Study Start Date: May 1998
Estimated Study Completion Date: March 2001
Detailed Description:

The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a new formulation of cysteamine eye drops to treat children and adults with cystinosis and cystine crystal accumulation in the cornea. The safety of this new formulation will be evaluated among 30 children and adults with a history of cystinosis under treatment at the NIH with the current preparation of cysteamine eye drops. Patients will be randomized to the current preparation in one eye and the new formulation in the other eye. Vision, blurring, redness, pain, irritation, and itching will be evaluated in each eye at Week 1, Week 2, Week 4, and Month 6. Complete ophthalmic evaluation including corneal slit lamp examination with photographs will be performed at baseline and 6 months at the NEI Clinical Center.

Efficacy will be evaluated among 15 patients (5 each from the NEI Clinical Center, Ann Arbor Michigan, and La Jolla, California) who have not received cysteamine eye drops prior to enrollment. Patients will be randomized to the current preparation in one eye and the new formulation in the other eye. Vision, blurring, redness, pain, irritation, and itching will be evaluated in each eye and a complete ophthalmic assessment including a corneal slit lamp examination with photographs will be performed at baseline, Month 3, Month 6, Month 9, and Month 12. The primary efficacy outcome measure will be the improvement in the new formulation treated eye by 1.00 unit on a corneal photograph scale from 0.00 to 3.00 in 0.25 increments compared to the baseline grade. This scale grades the density and number of crystals in the cornea. The safety and efficacy studies will be conducted concurrently.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Patients appearing for their scheduled visits under Protocol 86-EI-0062 will be offered enrollment into this study provided they fulfill all the following criteria:

SAFETY STUDY:

Patient diagnosed with cystinosis (greater than 2 nmole half-cystine/milligram protein).

Patient has a clinical history consistent with cystinosis.

Willing and able to tolerate photographs.

Patient age greater than or equal to 1 year old.

Willingness and ability to comply with treatment and follow-up procedures as demonstrated by a history of adherence with their current eye-drop and patient follow up schedule under protocol 86-EI-0062.

Ability of the patient or the patient's parent or legal guardian to understand and sign an informed consent.

Any crystal density score, including zero, on photographs, which has been stable or improved over the past year.

EFFICACY STUDY:

Patients must fulfill all of the following criteria to be eligible for the efficacy study.

Patient diagnosed with cystinosis (greater than 2 nmole half-cystine/milligram protein).

Patient has a clinical history consistent with cystinosis.

Willing and able to tolerate photographs.

Age greater than or equal to 2 years and less than or equal to 10 years.

Willingness and the ability to comply with treatment and follow-up procedures.

Ability of the patient or the patient's parent or legal guardian to understand and sign an informed consent form.

Crystal density score greater than or equal to 1.00 on photographs. Photographs must be submitted to the NEI Clinical Center for quality and eligibility verification prior to enrollment.

No prior use of cysteamine drops.

Prior use of Cystagon for 6 months prior to enrollment.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00001736

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Eye Institute (NEI)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001736     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 980109, 98-EI-0109
Study First Received: November 3, 1999
Last Updated: March 3, 2008
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Corneal Crystals
Cysteamine
Cystinosis
Eye

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cystinosis
Lysosomal Storage Diseases
Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Metabolic Diseases
Cysteamine
Radiation-Protective Agents
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 30, 2014