Investigation Into the Use of Ultrasound Technique in the Evaluation of Heart Disease

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00001632
First received: November 3, 1999
Last updated: March 3, 2008
Last verified: August 2002
  Purpose

The human heart is divided into four chambers. One of the four chambers, the left ventricle, is the chamber mainly responsible for pumping blood out of the heart into the circulation. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetically inherited disease causing an abnormal thickening of heart muscle, especially the muscle making up the left ventricle. When the left ventricle becomes abnormally large, it is called left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH).

Patients with HCM can be born with an enlarged left ventricle or they may develop the condition in childhood or adolescence, usually during the time when the body is rapidly growing. However, not all patients with the abnormal genes linked to HCM have the characteristic LVH.

Currently, it is impossible to tell if a patient with the genes for HCM will develop LVH.

A recently developed ultrasound tool called an integrated backscatter analysis (IBS), may allow researchers to determine those children who may later develop HCM and LVH. In order to test this, researchers plan to use IBS to study normal children with relatives diagnosed with HCM.

This study will compare the results of IBS done on normal children with relatives diagnosed with HCM , normal children, and children with evidence enlarged heart muscle (HCM).


Condition
Healthy
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
Left Ventricular Hypertrophy

Study Type: Observational
Official Title: Myocardial Ultrasonic Tissue Characterization in Patients With a Genetic Predisposition for the Development of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 195
Study Start Date: September 1997
Estimated Study Completion Date: August 2002
Detailed Description:

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a genetically inherited disease that is characterized by unexplained left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) often associated with diastolic dysfunction and myocardial ischemia. In patients with HCM, LVH may be present at birth or it may develop during childhood and adolescence, usually during periods of rapid body growth. Currently, it is not possible to identify, using clinical or laboratory methods, those children who will develop LVH from among those with a genetic predisposition for the disease. It would therefore be beneficial to find predictors of LVH development in normal children who have family history of HCM. Integrated backscatter analysis (IBS) is a recently developed ultrasound tool that has been studied in patients with various cardiac diseases. Integrated myocardial backscatter has been shown to vary throughout the cardiac cycle in normal subjects, both pediatric and adult, with peak values occurring during diastole and minimum values in end systole. Several studies in both children and adults with HCM have shown a blunting of this variation in backscatter analysis. We hypothesize that patients with a genetic predisposition for HCM, but no echocardiographic evidence of the disease, may have a greater prevalence of alterations in integrated myocardial backscatter when compared to children without a family history of HCM. We therefore propose to examine the cyclic variation of integrated myocardial backscatter in children with a normal echocardiogram and a first-degree relative with HCM, and compare it with the results obtained in a group of normal children, as well as in a group of children with unequivocal echocardiographic evidence of HCM.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Three groups of subjects (aged 1-15 years) will be studied: normal children, children with HCM, and children that are family members of patients with HCM, but do not themselves have any evidence of LVH.

CONTROL GROUP (NORM GROUP):

Normal children under the age of 15 who have a normal two-dimensional echocardiogram will be included in the study.

HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY GROUP (HCM GROUP):

Patients with HCM (unexplained LVH on two-dimensional echocardiogram) under the age of 15 will be included.

Family History of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Group (FHCM GROUP:

Normal children under the age of 15 who have a first-degree relative with HCM and a normal two-dimensional echocardiogram will be included.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA - CONTROL GROUP:

Exclusion criteria will be any historical or echocardiographic evidence of congenital or valvular heart disease or any form of cardiomyopathy.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA - HCM GROUP:

Exclusion criteria will be any evidence of congenital or valvular heart disease that may explain the presence of LVH.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA - FHCM GROUP:

Exclusion criteria will be any historical or echocardiographic evidence of congenital or valvular heart disease or other form of cardiomyopathy.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00001632

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001632     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 970188, 97-H-0188
Study First Received: November 3, 1999
Last Updated: March 3, 2008
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Hypertrophy
Integrated
Backscatter
Cyclic
Echocardiography
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiomyopathies
Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic
Hypertrophy
Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular
Aortic Stenosis, Subvalvular
Aortic Valve Stenosis
Cardiomegaly
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases
Heart Valve Diseases
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014