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PEG-Glucocerebrosidase for the Treatment of Gaucher Disease

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00001410
First received: November 3, 1999
Last updated: March 3, 2008
Last verified: December 2001
  Purpose

Gaucher disease is a lysosomal storage disease resulting from glucocerebroside accumulation in macrophages due to a genetic deficiency of the enzyme glucocerebrosidase. It may occur in patients of all ages. The condition is marked by enlargement of the liver and spleen (hepatosplenomegaly), low blood and platelet counts, and bone abnormalities. The condition is passed from generation to generation on via autosomal recessive inheritance. There are actually three types of Gaucher disease.

Type I is the most common form. It is a chronic non-neuronopathic form, meaning the disease does not affect the nervous system. The symptoms of type I can appear at any age.

Type 2 Gaucher disease presents prenatally or in infancy and usually results in death for the patient. Type 2 is an acute neuronopathic form and can affect the brain stem. It is the most severe form of the disease.

Type 3 Gaucher disease is also neuronopathic, however it is subacute in nature. This means the course of the illness lies somewhere between long-term (chronic) and short-term (acute).

Currently there is not a cure for Gaucher disease. Treatment for the disease has traditionally been supportive. In some severely affected patients, bone-marrow transplants have corrected the enzyme deficiency, but it is considered a high-risk procedure and recovery can be very slow. Enzyme replacement therapy is another therapy option and has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in type 1 patients.

PEG-glucocerbrosidase is a drug designed to clear out the accumulation of lipid (glucocerebroside) from the blood stream. The drug is actually an enzyme attached to large molecules called polyethylene glycol (PEG). The large molecules of PEG allow the enzyme to remain in the blood stream for long periods of time. By modifying glucocerebrosidase with PEG, it is believed that smaller doses will be required, meaning a reduction in cost for the patient and more convenient administration of the drug. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects and safety of enzyme replacement therapy using PEG- glucocerebrosidase for the treatment of Gaucher disease.


Condition Intervention Phase
Gaucher's Disease
Drug: Lysodase
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I and II Study of PEG-Glucocerebrosidase in Patients With Type 1 or Type 3 Gaucher Disease

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 18
Study Start Date: October 1993
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2001
Detailed Description:

The purpose of this clinical study is to evaluate the biochemical and therapeutic effects and safety of enzyme replacement therapy using polyethyleneglycol (PEG) modified glucocerebrosidase for the treatment of Gaucher disease and to evaluate the benefit to risk ratio. The study is designed to determine the safety and efficacy in Gaucher patients of recombinantly produced human glucocerebrosidase, which is PEG modified. Parameters to be monitored include hemoglobin, platelet counts, organ size, and extent of bony involvement. Pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic, and antibody studies will also be evaluated.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Patients must be at least 3 years of age.

Must have a biochemically confirmed (enzyme) and/or genetically confirmed diagnosis of type 1 or type 3 Gaucher disease.

Clinical or laboratory signs suggesting need for therapy which will include at least 2 of the following: hemoglobin less than 11 gm/dl; platelets less than 90,000/mm(3); hepatomegaly and/or splenomegaly.

Patient/Guardian must provide written informed consent.

No pregnant or breast feeding women.

No women/men of reproductive potential unless they agree to use an effective contraceptive method.

No patients treated with alglucerase or imiglucerase during the 6 months prior to study entry.

No patients with the diagnosis of type 2 Gaucher disease.

No patients who have a life-threatening disease or are gravely ill.

No patients who have rapidly progressing fatal illness or concomitant malignancy.

No patients who have a chronic infectious disease including HIV or hepatitis B.

No patients chronically on other medications which may interfere with the drug's metabolism or activity.

No patients who received blood transfusion within a month prior to study entry.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00001410

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001410     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 940014, 94-M-0014
Study First Received: November 3, 1999
Last Updated: March 3, 2008
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Recombinant Production
Inherited Disease
Lysosomal Disorder
Inborn Error of Metabolism
Enzyme Replacement Therapy
Glucocerebrosidase
Polyethylene Glycol
Gaucher Disease
Recombinant Enzyme

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Gaucher Disease
Brain Diseases
Brain Diseases, Metabolic
Brain Diseases, Metabolic, Inborn
Central Nervous System Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Lipid Metabolism Disorders
Lysosomal Storage Diseases
Lysosomal Storage Diseases, Nervous System
Metabolic Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Lipid Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Lipidoses
Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Sphingolipidoses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 20, 2014