A Clinical Trial To Evaluate the Toxicity and Antiviral Effects of a Range of Doses of Ampligen in p24 Antigen Positive HIV-Infected Patients With AIDS or ARC

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000735
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: March 30, 2012
Last verified: March 2012
  Purpose

To determine the safety of intravenous infusion of ampligen in symptomatic HIV-infected patients at several dose levels, to determine the maximum dose that can be tolerated, and to measure the effects of ampligen on the HIV virus infection, immune function, and clinical condition. Ampligen is a suitable drug for clinical trials against HIV because it has been shown to stimulate the immune system and to inhibit replication of HIV in vitro at doses that can be achieved without noticeable harmful side effects.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Drug: Ampligen
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Clinical Trial To Evaluate the Toxicity and Antiviral Effects of a Range of Doses of Ampligen in p24 Antigen Positive HIV-Infected Patients With AIDS or ARC

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Estimated Enrollment: 12
Study Completion Date: February 1990
Detailed Description:

Ampligen is a suitable drug for clinical trials against HIV because it has been shown to stimulate the immune system and to inhibit replication of HIV in vitro at doses that can be achieved without noticeable harmful side effects.

Patients entered in the study are given ampligen by intravenous infusion at hemophilia treatment centers once during the first week of the trial and twice a week during the following 12 weeks. The dose each patient receives is determined by the responses of earlier patients. If the status of the HIV infection does not improve after the first 13 weeks, ampligen will be stopped. Each patient maintains a daily diary listing any symptoms or problems that occur such as headache, nausea, or change in appetite. Other anti-HIV drugs cannot be taken during the trial, and aspirin or acetaminophen should not be taken for more than 72 hours at any time during the trial without consulting the research staff. Blood will be drawn at intervals during the 13-week trial and 8-week follow-up and used to determine the effect of ampligen on HIV and the immune system as well as to monitor toxicity and side effects.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Hemophiliacs are included. Patients must have:

  • Consistently positive serum HIV p24 antigen (= or > 70 pg/ml) defined by the Abbott HIV antigen test. This demonstration must be seen on two occasions, each separated by at least 72 hours, the last of which must be within 2 weeks of starting therapy.
  • Positive HIV antibody test.

Prior Medication:

Allowed:

  • Acyclovir for short course (7 days).
  • Ketoconazole for short course (7 days).
  • Aerosolized pentamidine for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) prophylaxis.
  • Trimethoprim / sulfamethoxazole for PCP prophylaxis.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with AIDS encephalopathy as a sole indicator are excluded.

Patients with AIDS encephalopathy as a sole indicator are excluded.

Prior Medication:

Excluded:

  • Other experimental medication.
  • Antineoplastic therapy.
  • Amphotericin B.
  • Ganciclovir.
  • Excluded within 14 days of study entry:
  • Biologic modifiers.
  • Corticosteroids.
  • Excluded within 30 days of study entry:
  • Other antiretroviral agents.
  • Excluded within 60 days of study entry:
  • Ribavirin.

Active drug or alcohol abuse.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00000735

Locations
United States, District of Columbia
George Washington Univ Med Ctr
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20037
United States, Pennsylvania
Milton S Hershey Med Ctr
Hershey, Pennsylvania, United States, 170330850
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Study Chair: Eyster ME
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000735     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACTG 054, 11028
Study First Received: November 2, 1999
Last Updated: March 30, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Virus Replication
T-Lymphocytes
Infusions, Intravenous
Immunologic Surveillance
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
ampligen
AIDS-Related Complex
Antiviral Agents

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Seropositivity
Poly(I).poly(c12,U)
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 19, 2014