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Support, Health, and Fibromyalgia

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
San Diego State University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000423
First received: November 3, 1999
Last updated: December 3, 2013
Last verified: March 2001
  Purpose

This study tests the effects of social support and education on the health and well-being of people with fibromyalgia (FMS). We recruited 600 adults with a confirmed diagnosis of FMS from a large health maintenance organization. We randomly assigned the study participants to one of three groups. People in the social support group met with others who suffer from FMS for 2 hours every week for 10 weeks, and then monthly for an additional 10 months. The social support and education group also had 10 2-hour weekly meetings followed by 10 monthly meetings with others who suffer from FMS. Members of this group learned about the disease and ways they can manage it themselves. The third group participated only in the five assessment periods. The study lasted 4 years.


Condition Intervention Phase
Fibromyalgia
Quality of Life
Behavioral: Social support group
Behavioral: Social support and education group
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Official Title: Social Support and Health in Fibromyalgia

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by San Diego State University:

Estimated Enrollment: 600
Study Start Date: September 1996
Estimated Study Completion Date: February 2001
Detailed Description:

Next to osteoarthritis, FMS is the most common arthritis-related disease. Symptoms include musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, headaches, irritable bowel syndrome, morning stiffness, and sleep disturbances. Fluctuating severity, pain, and frustration with the difficulty of diagnosis and treatment lead patients to continually seek help from health care professionals. There is no known cause or cure for this disease.

This study tests the effects of social support and education on the health and well-being of people with fibromyalgia (FMS). We recruited 600 adults with a confirmed diagnosis of FMS from a large health maintenance organization. To be eligible, people had to meet the American College of Rheumatology guidelines for FMS. After we confirmed the diagnosis, we assigned those who agreed to participate to one of three groups. The first group (social support) met with others who suffer from FMS for 2 hours every week for 10 weeks, and then monthly for an additional 10 months. The second group (social support and education) also had 10 2-hour weekly meetings followed by 10 monthly meetings with others who suffer from FMS, and its members learned about the disease and self-management techniques. The third group (control) participated only in the five assessment periods. We assessed people in all three groups before we assigned them to a group, after the intervention, and at yearly follow-ups. The study duration was 4 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • A diagnosis of fibromyalgia documented in medical records and confirmed using The American College of Rheumatology criteria for classification of FMS: (1) A history of widespread pain (pain on both sides of the body, above and below the waist, and present for at least 3 months). (2) Pain in 11 or more of 18 tender-point sites.
  • Patient willing to attend 10 weekly meetings and 10 monthly meetings.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who do not meet ACR criteria for FMS described above.
  • Patients who cannot attend meetings once a week for 10 weeks and once a month for 10 months were excluded.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00000423

Locations
United States, California
San Diego State University
San Diego, California, United States, 92120
Sponsors and Collaborators
San Diego State University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Thereasa A. Cronan San Diego State University
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000423     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R01 AR44020, R01AR044020, NIAMS-029
Study First Received: November 3, 1999
Last Updated: December 3, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by San Diego State University:
Fibromyalgia
Health education
Program evaluation
Social support
Managed care
Quality of well-being

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Fibromyalgia
Myofascial Pain Syndromes
Muscular Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 25, 2014