Preventing Child Abuse in Infants

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
University of Rochester
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000382
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: November 5, 2013
Last verified: November 2013
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to compare 2 approaches (interventions) to prevent child-abuse (maltreatment) in infants: Psychoeducational Home Visitation (PHV) vs Infant-Parent Psychotherapy (IPP). Non-maltreated infants and their mothers are studied as a comparison group.

Twelve-month-old infants and their mothers are assigned randomly (like tossing a coin) to receive 1 of 3 types of intervention for 12 months: 1) Services normally available in the community when a family is reported for child maltreatment (Child Protective Services, CPS); 2) CPS involvement plus weekly PHV; 3) CPS involvement plus weekly IPP. Intervention will be provided until the infant's second birthday. All mother-infant pairs (including comparison non-maltreated infants and their mothers) will be assessed when the infant is 12, 18, 24, 36, and 48 months old. Assessments will look at the effectiveness of the intervention in preventing child maltreatment, improving parenting, and reducing future abuse. The study will last for 3 years.

Eligibility includes a mother and her 12-month-old child that has been abused by her (the mother) or the father. (Non-maltreated infants and their mothers also will be enrolled.)


Condition Intervention Phase
Child Abuse
Behavioral: Infant-Parent Psychotherapy
Behavioral: Child Protective Services
Behavioral: Psychoeducational Home Visitation
Behavioral: Parent Education
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Preventive Intervention for Maltreated Infants

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Rochester:

Study Start Date: July 1998
Study Completion Date: June 2003
Primary Completion Date: June 2003 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

To evaluate the relative effectiveness of 2 theoretically-informed approaches to preventing the adverse sequelae of maltreatment in infants: Psychoeducational Home Visitation (PHV) and Infant-Parent Psychotherapy (IPP). Non-maltreated infants and their mothers serve as a comparison.

Maltreated infants and their mothers are randomly assigned to 1 of 3 types of intervention for 12 months: 1) Services routinely available in the community when a family is reported for child maltreatment (Child Protective Services, CPS); 2) CPS involvement plus weekly PHV; 3) CPS involvement plus weekly IPP. Intervention is provided until the infant's second birthday. All mother-infant dyads (including comparison non-maltreated infants and their mothers) participate in baseline assessments at the infant's age of 12 months. Subsequent assessments occur at 18, 24, 36, and 48 months of age. Assessments measure three major areas: 1) family-ecological variables; 2) maternal functioning and parenting; and 3) child functioning and stage-salient issues. CPS records are monitored annually across all groups to determine whether any reports of maltreatment have been filed.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Months to 12 Months
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

-

Participants must have:

Infants that have been maltreated by their biological caregiver during their first year of life and who continue to reside with their maternal caregiver. (Non-maltreated infants and their mothers will also be enrolled.)

  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00000382

Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Rochester
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Dante Cicchetti, PhD
  More Information

No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000382     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R01 MH54643, R01MH054643, DSIR CT-P
Study First Received: November 2, 1999
Last Updated: November 5, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by University of Rochester:
Child Abuse
Female
Human
Infant
Male
Caregivers
Patient Education
Psychotherapy
Child Abuse -- *prevention & control

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 17, 2014